Istanbul Province: Geography, Topography, How to Get In and Around and Neighborhoods

Augusta, Antonina, Nova Roma, Byzantion, Byzantium, Constantinople lastly Istanbul… These energizing names remind the strange and captivating past of the city. Istanbul can be considered as the blend of the old and current city, just as Islamic and Mediterranean blend of societies in a charming air. There are just not many urban areas on the planet that can be so superb to encounter and appreciate as Istanbul.

Istanbul is found incompletely in Asia and the other part in Europe. Its topographical situation just as its rich history are answerable for an interesting blend of societies. Sightseers are rushing to encounter this otherworldly city loaded with contrasts for themselves, making it the fifth most famous traveler goal on the planet.

Istanbul offers an extraordinary encounter for its voyagers, with its beautiful day by day city life and dynamic nightlife. The wonderful outline of the city consolidates chronicled locales and landmarks, for example, Roman water systems, Byzantine places of worship, Venetian towers, Ottoman castles from the Byzantine, Ottoman and Turkish periods. Furthermore, the horizon covers grand minarets with high rises and courts. Also, particularly the Historical Peninsula and the Bosphorus will make you profoundly experience passionate feelings for the city.

Istanbul is additionally one of the most enthusiastic cities on the planet (having more than 15 million inhabitants) that offers assortment of intercontinental occasions, universal film, music and theater celebrations, worldwide biennials, and more than 80 historical centers and numerous craftsmanship displays exhibit of life, expressions, and history; including painting, model, photography and the sky is the limit from there.

Concerning eating out and gastronomy, it implies that you are one stage away from tasting the tasty dinners of the Turkish food, from hot and hot Anatolian and Aegean dishes naturally cooked with olive oil. Istanbul offers a wide scope of Turkish food at the assortment of entrenched, great and extravagance Istanbul cafés.

Concerning diversion and nightlife, it spins around huge numbers of the amusement settings that the city brings to the table. The nightlife in Istanbul has truly woken up as of late and local people will all reveal to you that the nightlife spreads out every which way all through the city. Concerning shopping, the assortment of the conventional and present-day items offered at the Ottoman’s begun recorded bazaars and current shopping centers makes the city a fascination community for shopping sweethearts.

Guide of Istanbul Province

1. Istanbul — the common capital, where 95% or a greater amount of the number of inhabitants in the territory lives

2. Anadolu Kavağı Anadolukavağı on Wikipedia — a lovely town with the ridge Yoros Castle upper east of Istanbul, close to the Black Sea

3. Ağva — at the furthest upper east of the region on the Black Sea, with beguiling guesthouses coating the banks of an emerald stream

4. Büyükçekmece — a lakeside suburb on the western finish of the urban spread of Istanbul, worth a visit for its stone scaffold, mosque, and caravanserai on the old course to Europe

5. Çatalca — one of the most provincial pieces of the region, and a decent base to investigate the noteworthy locales lost in the northwestern woodlands from

6. Kilyos — a town on the Black Sea north of European side of Istanbul with simple access to the city; its sandy seashores are a most loved escape from the city in mid-year

7. Polonezköy — a town in the patio of Istanbul established by Polish pioneers in the nineteenth century, with lovely customary houses and excellent timberlands

8. Rumelifeneri — a lovely town on the tip of the western promontory, at the northern passage of Bosphorus, with a fortification and fish cafés

9. Şile — a town on Black Sea coast upper east of Istanbul; a most loved area for swimming in ends of the week

10. Princes’ Islands — 9 vehicle-free islands off the southern shoreline of Istanbul; pine backwoods and amazing chateaus are the principle highlights. The island of Büyükada has the most sights and comforts.

Geography of Istanbul

Istanbul is in north-western Turkey inside the Marmara Region on an all-out region of 5,343 square kilometers (2,063 sq mi). The Bosphorus, which associates the Sea of Marmara to the Black Sea, partitions the city into a European, Thracian side—including the memorable and financial focuses—and an Asian, Anatolian side. The city is additionally partitioned by the Golden Horn, a characteristic harbor bouncing the landmass where the previous Byzantium and Constantinople were established. The juncture of the Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus, and the Golden Horn at the core of present-day Istanbul has dissuaded assaulting powers for a great many years and stays a conspicuous component of the city’s landscape.

Following the model of Rome, the notable landmass is said to be portrayed by seven slopes, each beat by magnificent mosques. The easternmost of these slopes is the site of Topkapı Palace on the Sarayburnu. Rising from the contrary side of the Golden Horn is another, tapered slope, where the advanced Beyoğlu area is. As a result of the geography, structures in Beyoğlu were once developed with the assistance of terraced holding dividers, and streets were spread out as steps. Üsküdar on the Asian side shows correspondingly bumpy attributes, with the territory bit by bit stretching out down to the Bosphorus coast, yet the scene in Şemsipaşa and Ayazma is increasingly sudden, much the same as a projection.

The most elevated point in Istanbul is Çamlıca Hill, with a height of 288 meters (945 ft). The northern portion of Istanbul has a higher mean rise contrasted with the south coast, with areas outperforming 200 meters (660 ft), and a few coasts with soak bluffs taking after fjords, particularly around the northern finish of the Bosphorus, where it opens up to the Black Sea.

To Understand

Istanbul Province fundamentally reaches out more than two promontories encompassed by the Black Sea, Bosphorus, and the Sea of Marmara—Çatalca toward the west of Bosphorus on European territory and Kocaeli toward the east of Bosphorus on Asian terrain.

Since 2005, Istanbul Province has been coterminous with the city of Istanbul, as the city fringes were reached out to incorporate everything inside commonplace outskirts, however whatever official assignments state, other than the colossal metropolitan region—in a triangular shape, which has its base on the Marmara coast, concealing a territory to 25-30 km long from the southern mouth of Bosphorus at each side, with the stature of the triangle going right to the Black Sea along the Bosphorus—the remainder of the area is rustic, or possibly rural, in character.

On Çatalca Peninsula, topographically an expansion of Thrace, a persistent conurbation shaped by summer places of Istanbulites—solid bungalows in as a rule thickly stuffed, yet to some degree verdant, lodging homes, which individuals of the jam-packed city escape in each conceivable chance, which makes thruways west of city vested on Sunday nighttimes in mid-year—lines the southwestern drifts along Marmara. Inland is for the most part open farmlands creating a lot of wheat and sunflower, and spotted by towns, even though scenes get increasingly mechanical as you draw nearer to the significant interstates or the edges of Istanbul.

The vegetation gets lusher as you approach the Black Sea coast, albeit a portion of the woodlands near the shore is pierced by terrible open pit-mines. Another element along Çatalca’s Black Sea coast is very enormous Lake (Terkos Gölü, a.k.a. Durusu Gölü), a freshwater lake albeit isolated from the salty Black Sea just by a progression of rises and one of the significant wellsprings of drinking water of Istanbul.

On the Marmara bank of the Kocaeli Peninsula, the city of Istanbul appropriately well stretches out to (and past) the common fringe. Inland of this landmass is more verdant than Çatalca, with a portion of the slopes (around Alemdağ) secured by heathlands, an uncommon living space that is discovered distinctly in a bunch of areas around the globe. The Black Sea shore of this half of the territory is additionally lush, yet again simply like its partner to west, is sliced through by open-pit mines in a few areas.

On the two landmasses, the southern coasts are compliment and it gets hillier as you go north, which is a piece of the mountain chain that lines up and down the southern edge of the Black Sea but partitioned by the profound “valley” of the Bosphorus—there is, in reality, a hypothesis that theorizes the Bosphorus was a stream in ancient times, discharging into the Black Sea which was then a very huge freshwater lake yet at the same time littler than its momentum size, that was later overflowed by the rising waters of the Mediterranean toward the finish of chilly age, transforming the riverbed into the waterway that it is. The hypothesis continues contending this may offer to ascend to the legends of incredible flood and Noah’s Ark.


A high convergence of separation points in northwestern Turkey, where the Eurasian and African plates meet; a couple of deficiencies and edge additionally show up under the Mediterranean. Blames in western Turkey are thought only southwest of Istanbul, going under the Sea of Marmara and the Aegean Sea. Satellite picture demonstrating a slim real estate parcel, thickly populated on the south, cut up by a conduit.

Get In

Essentially among all alternatives of getting into the region, you should contact down Istanbul first somehow, even though it is commonly conceivable to get off the transports heading for Istanbul from areas in Eastern Thrace in Silivri, around 60 km west of Istanbul. The parkway D100 which intently follows the bank of Marmara on the two sides of Bosphorus, and the motorway/cost street O-3/E80 which lies in corresponding with D100 a couple of km inland to north, are the primary spines of the traffic in the area (and are the fundamental streets associating it with neighboring districts), transforming into intensely blocked urban streets, particularly on account of D100, when crossing the city of Istanbul appropriate.

D020 and D010 (which is a continuation of D020 through Belgrad Forest), lie further north of O-3/E80, for the most part navigating lush provincial territories of northern pieces of the area, on the two sides. A couple of day by day prepares from Sirkeci Station associate various remote inland towns notwithstanding the town of Çatalca to Istanbul. Other than the line in the city of Istanbul, which lies along the Marmara coast, there is no Railtrack on Kocaeli’s side, so your choice of getting around via train there is constrained to rural trains employing between Haydarpaşa Station and Gebze out of common outskirts.

Peripheral towns have genuinely visit transport/minibus associations with Istanbul. The transports to towns in western pieces of the region leave from Yenibosna metro station, one of the westernmost stations on the M1 line. Towns along the northern coast are served by transports and minibusses from Sarıyer, the northernmost neighborhood of the city on Bosphorus, while the transports to towns and towns on an eastern promontory, as a rule, have their terminals in Harem, the primary bus stop on Asian Side.

Get Around

Because of the topography of the area lying elongated on promontories, significant courses follow a west-east pivot.

To See

Your prime motivation to be here is to encounter Istanbul. At the point when you’ve done as much as you can adapt to there, or need a break from the city, set aside some effort to investigate the encompassing territory.


While the official standard of Turkish depends on Istanbul lingo, five many years of substantial migration from all over Turkey implies that pretty much any vernacular or language spoken in the nation can be heard in Istanbul, in which conveying in a considerable lot of significant world dialects is no issue, particularly in the travel industry-related organizations. In the western compasses of the region, around Silivri, Çatalca, and the encompassing open country, Thracian vernacular wins among locals, even though that is not an obstruction to correspondence for voyagers communicating in Turkish, as that lingo is genuinely near-standard Turkish.

Neighborhoods of Istanbul

  • Adalar
  • Arnavutköy
  • Ataşehir
  • Avcılar
  • Bağcılar
  • Bahçelievler
  • Bakırköy
  • Başakşehir
  • Bayrampaşa
  • Beşiktaş
  • Beykoz
  • Beylikdüzü
  • Beyoğlu
  • Büyükçekmece
  • Çatalca
  • Çekmeköy
  • Esenler
  • Esenyurt
  • Eyüp
  • Fatih
  • Gaziosmanpaşa
  • Güngören
  • Kadıköy
  • Kağıthane
  • Kartal
  • Küçükçekmece
  • Maltepe
  • Pendik
  • Sancaktepe
  • Sarıyer
  • Silivri
  • Sultanbeyli
  • Sultangazi
  • Şile
  • Şişli
  • Tuzla
  • Ümraniye
  • Üsküdar
  • Zeytinburnu

Savaş Ateş

I'm a software engineer. I love Istanbul. I have been to 10 different countries. Istanbul is in the top 3 cities. I like to play soccer too :)

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