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Istanbul Visit

If you like to travel and to explore, Istanbul is a must-visit city. It has a historical side to it that is unmatched by any other city in the world that just presents itself to its visitors, but rather than what you should visit during your stay in this ancient and marvelous city, we are going to delve into how you should visit this city and what can you expect to find.


First of all, we are going to talk about how safe and secure the city is. I bet that you too, wonder about how safe somewhere that you are going to visit is, just like me, so the first subtopic is naturally about safety. Istanbul is considered a relatively safe city in the league of the gigantic metropolitans that it competes in. There’s no denying that when there are so many people amalgamated together in an arguably small area, it attracts some misfits. Generally, those misfits happen in cases of pick-pocketing in the densest areas. Another form of criminality in the city is the fraud of the tourist hunters such as the over-priced restaurants, taxis, and the “guides” that will try to lead you to the shops that they own or work with. So in order to be safe in this city, there are 3 things you should be wary of;

  • Keep your purse or bag under your hand especially in dense crowds,
  • Keep some Turkish Liras on your person to avoid being shortchanged by the taxi drivers or some malicious server working in some overpriced tourist trap restaurant,
  • Don’t let yourself be lead to the extreme backstreets of the city after a “kind” local who was willing to give you a “tour”.

Before going on to our next topic, it will do you good to learn some conduct manners in the unfortunate event that you need help. The number that you should call in case of any emergency is 112, the equivalent of 911 in Turkey throughout, but in most cases, if you even dial 911 the operator directs your call to 112. You can get medical assistance, police, and fire department help from this number. If you are in no position to call for help via your phone, you can just ask for it from the locals, most of which will be eager to aid you. In order to ask for help, you can simply say “help”, most of the Turkish people will understand this word. The Turkish word for help is “imdat” (pronounced “eam-dot”) if you yell “eam-dot” people in especially touristy areas would be very attentive.


Next, I will talk about what value you can get from visiting Istanbul, simply is it worth to take your time and spend your money on visiting this city. Imagine this, a city that was founded nearly 2000 years ago, excluding the times that it was still a “town”. It became one of the most important trading ports of the ancient and medieval world, it served as a capital city for two of the greatest Empires of those times, Byzantine (East Roman) and Ottoman. It houses the remains of these two Empires both on the ground and below it. In the city, there are both Byzantine churches, cathedrals, etc… and Ottoman mosques (like a cool trivia, the Hagia Sophia Church was one of the first examples of the “Domed” structures and it is the first example of architecture that features the use of domes on such a large scale).

I will list some of the structures and sites in Istanbul that are must-see in order to persuade you further and talk about some of them;

  • Hagia Sophia Museum ( it was made a museum by the decision of Mustapha Kemal Ataturk after the Republic of Turkey was founded).
  • Blue Mosque ( Sultanahmet Mosque)
  • Galata Tower
  • Topkapi Palace
  • Dolmabahce Palace
  • Maiden’s Tower
  • Grand Bazaar
  • Spice Bazaar
  • Anatolian and Rumelian Fortresses
  • The Bosphorus
  • The Belgrade Forests
  • Basilica Cistern
  • Taksim and Sultanahmet Squares

These and many more structures and sites are part of the charm of visiting Istanbul.

Hagia Sophia Museum
The most visited museum in Istanbul and Turkey the Hagia Sophia museum is an important building for two major religions in the world. The most important monument that succeeded to survive from the Byzantine Period of Istanbul is undoubtedly the Hagia Sophia, considered the eighth wonder of the world and also the most magnificent work of Byzantium. The work of Emperor Justirianus, who made the most important contributions to Byzantine Istanbul with Constantine, remained as the world’s most monumental structure for centuries with its size and splendor. It has survived many disasters such as fires and earthquakes in Istanbul and has reached modern times as a relic of the ancient world.

Sultanahmet Mosque ( The Blue Mosque )
Sultan Ahmet Mosque, which is one of the landmarks of Istanbul and located right across the Hagia Sophia Museum in Fatih district, was built between the years 1609 and 1617 with the order of Sultan Ahmet I, by the student of Mimar Sinan, Architect Sedefkar Mehmet Aga. It was built as a complex with madrasah (university), hospital, school, Turkish bath, freshwater fountain, public offices, shops, and the Sultan’s tomb. Some of these were added later.

The Galata Tower
The history of the Galata Region is as old as the inner wall. Galata, which was known as a settlement where Christians lived mostly in the Ottoman period, was a region covered with walls used by Genoese as a trade colony between 1273 and 1453. There are various rumors about where the name of Galata came from. The most accepted of these is that those coming from the people of “Galatian” settled in this region and gave their names to these lands. Another accepted rumor is that it came from the word “galasude”, which meant milk production in the Byzantine period. The fact that milk production was made in this region during the Byzantine Period meant that this rumor is accepted by many people. The Tower that takes its name from this region is believed to be built by the Genoese as and observation and defense building as the were sea traders.

Topkapi Palace
Topkapi Palace, which is an indispensable part of the list of places to visit in Istanbul for travelers interested in history and architecture, has been fascinating its visitors for centuries. Topkapı, which has been turned into one of the largest palace-museums in the world in the early years of the Republic, is waiting for you with its architecturally designed sections and the priceless collection it contains. The construction of Topkapı Palace, built on an area of 7.5 million square feet on the Eastern Roman Acropolis in Istanbul Sarayburnu, construction started in 1460 upon the order of Fatih after the conquest of Istanbul. It was completed in 1478, the palace was used as the administrative, educational and artistic center of the Ottoman Empire for about 4 centuries.

Maiden’s Tower
Maiden’s Tower is the historical building located in the middle of the Bosphorus, which has been the symbol of Istanbul for years. The Maiden’s Tower, which has been in construction for many years, is a work of the Byzantine era and its history dates back to 24 BC. It has been used for different purposes since the first day it was built and then repaired by the order of Ottoman sultans. The Maiden’s Tower, which has a cistern, had many useful purposes such as customs station, quarantine building, defense fortress, it also is a lighthouse that emits a red light that can be seen from 2.5 miles far.

The Grand Bazaar
The Grand Bazaar, which stands out with its magnificence and magnificence of its architecture, has been known as one of the most important trade centers of Istanbul for more than 500 years. The bazaar, which attracts shopping enthusiasts of all ages thanks to its content, also contains a rich cultural structure that dates back to the Byzantine Empire and developed during the Ottoman period. The history of the bazaar goes back to the Byzantine Empire. In the center of this place, which consists of a number of shops, there was a building called Cevahir Bedesteni. The first expansion works in the Grand Bazaar, one of the oldest shopping places in the world were carried out in 1460 upon the order of Fatih Sultan Mehmet after the conquest of Istanbul. After the expansion, the bazaar, which started to be called Grand Bazaar, was built with another 15 sections.

For further information on Istanbul’s wonders you can check out some of the other posts on this site;

To conclude this heading, Istanbul is not only worth visiting but it is a must if you want to experience one of the most unique holidays of your life.


One of the parts of planning a vacation at home country or abroad is to estimate how much money to have. Budgeting your trip beforehand will allow you to enjoy it without giving it much thought.
Around the time that this post is written (Spring 2020), the exchange rate is about 7 liras to the dollar. (10$ = 70 TRY). A mid rage meal costs about 20 to 40 Liras (3$ to 6$). Transportation can have a large variety of costs if you use public transportation and you wish to visit 3 spots in the city that are away from each other you should plan to spend about 30 to 40 liras (a generous estimate) in a day ( about 5 bucks ). You should set about 50 liras ( 7$ )to visit privately owned museums ( excluding the state-owned ones that you can visit with the Musekart). Generally, it should be enough if you set about 30$ for a day to visit the city. There are no known exchange office frauds in the city but you would do well to look up the rates online and prepare yourself for some small commission rates.

Istanbul Nights

Istanbul is a safe and whole different city at night. Some streets leading away from the Istiklal are known to have some bars running scams that result in the scammed to be asked for exorbitant amounts for little services. Istanbul has many bars and nightclubs that you can enjoy during your visit there. You can get more information about places to enjoy during the night here;


You can drink alcohol is most restaurants and all the bars in Istanbul. They serve wine, beer, and raki generally. For a pint of beer, you can expect to be charged about 25 liras ( 3-4 $). You should be careful about some restaurants that are specialized in raki and appetizers as some of them will not present you with a menu. You can get unpleasant surprises in some of these restaurants but do not hesitate to ask for the price of each item that comes to your table, they can try to imply that it is free but do not be shy about asking if it is free. Drinking on the streets is prohibited and monetary fines are applied to those who do drink on the streets. The legal drinking age in Turkey is 18, so you can get your drink from any shop and restaurant if you are past that age.


Istanbul’s hospitals are very well equipped. If you have traveling insurance most of the services are free of charge or costs just a token amount. If you call 112 you can call for an ambulance and there are operators that speak English. Food is generally very healthy in all places of the city, but be advised, to the unaccustomed plates the food might be too spicy or too oily so eat with consideration if you do not want to continue your trip with an upset stomach. Tap water is safe to drink in the city but the locals prefer bottled water because of the taste that they find unpleasant. The streets are fairly clean. As an added bonus, Istanbul is a city with many stray cats that are taken care of by the residents of the city. You will see many chubby and fluffy kitties on the streets that will not hesitate to come to you for pets, so it might be quite relaxing!


The hotels in Istanbul are safe and well maintained. The prices for one night ( without breakfast) can vary greatly depending on the quality of the establishment. You can find international chains like Hilton, Wyndham, Mariott, etc… witch base their charges on the U.S. dollar. You can expect the nightly fees at these hotels to be around 100$. There are also local hotels that are as good as the chain ones and generally, you can stay at these for half of the price of the chain hotels ( about 50$). The only warning that I would give you would be to not stay at the hotels too close to the touristic attractions, those demand high prices for one night and the quality is less than desirable.


Shopping in Istanbul can be very distracting and fun, but be careful because of the exchange rate you can spend more money than you wished for. Haggling is a must for most of your shopping in this city, especially in the Grand Bazaar and the Spice Bazaar. You can haggle down the price of some items such as giftable trinkets nearly to half. Except for the chain stores, you can engage in haggling with nearly every trader. You should absolutely try your hand at this because most of the shop owners in Istanbul see it as a fun pass time activity and are more likely to gift you some small amount of goods you’re purchasing as they will respect you more as a customer.

I will put the most important things that you should be careful about down in a list below;

  • Do not stay at hotels near touristic areas,
  • Avoid traveling by taxis, if you must, pay in Turkish Liras and don’t hesitate to exorbitant amounts and to tell that you will call the police,
  • Try to follow the locals and where they eat instead of restaurants in tourist hotspots,
  • Don’t be guilted into visiting people’s shops for helping you, the hint is in the name, it is indeed help, not a service,
  • Don’t pay the asked price for a giftable item on the streets, haggle it down,
  • Eat with care, although delicious, Turkish food might not suit some palates,
  • Be wary of where you carry your valuables, pickpockets are everywhere touristic in the world,
  • Don’t hesitate to ask for directions and help but don’t pay someone for pointing you in a direction or answering a question.

Generally, these are the most important things that get overlooked when visiting a city this big if you follow this advice you should have an enjoyable stay.

Next, I’m going to be talking about some of the special aspects that are often wondered about western tourists that plan a visit to Istanbul.
Turkey is a secular country and Istanbul is a very progressive part of it. Kissing in public, wearing shorts, mini-skirts will not cause you a problem in this city. However, in the mosques, those wearing short clothes will be expected to wear long skirts and headcovers before visiting them thoroughly. Kissing or shows of affection further than holding hands is inadvisable in any place of worship in Istanbul, mosques, churches, and synagogues.

The power outlets in Turkey are different from those in the U.S. Here the outlets are recessed in wall sockets and supply a voltage of 220V with European Type-C outlets. You might need a voltage converter and an adapter for your plugs in order to charge your devices. You can find these in some shops in Istanbul but I would advise you to bring your own for ease. Most of the restaurants, cafes, bars, and touristic public areas will have power outlets and some transports will even have USB sockets so you shouldn’t worry about being out of power.

Turkish people do not consume pork, it is both a religious and a cultural thing so it is rare to find such catering in Istanbul. Beef, chicken, and sheep meats are largely consumed meats by the Turkish people so you should have no problem finding your preferences. In recent years more and more restaurants included vegetarian and vegan meals to their menus so you won’t be hard-pressed to find such meals if you do not prefer to eat meat.

One other item that can come to mind before visiting Turkey, although the hijab is a common thing for Turkish people, it is not an obligation. Turkey is geographically close to the middle east but the culture in big cities is western-oriented. You can expect to find two sisters with one wearing a hijab and the other mini skirt. You are not expected to wear a special kind of clothing anywhere in the city except the places that I stated above.

In order to visit Turkey, if you are the citizen of the U.S.A. any European Union country and the U.K., you can get a one time, one month touristic visa at the gates of the airport. If you are not the beholder of the countries stated, but you have a Schengen visa, you can get the same one time visa at the gates as Turkey has integration protocols with the European Union.

The clothing that you should wear according to the weather will vary, Istanbul is a city that you can visit year long. If you travel in the summer, be advised that the city is quite hot and humid, you should prefer light clothes during this period of the year ( one exception would be at night if you cross the Bosphorus and winds can pick up and chill you to the bones). In the spring and fall, you should dress for rain and mildly cold weather, bring an umbrella (or you can buy them off the streets when it starts to rain most of the peddlers on the streets will bring out the umbrellas and single-use raincoats).

I hope that this post will help you with your visit to Istanbul and answered most of the questions that you had in mind. If you wish to get further information about what to do, where to visit, what and where to eat, stay or generally what to expect during your visit, don’t miss my other posts on this very same site. Safe-travels!

Best Places to Take Photos in Istanbul

If you are into making memories last forever, taking photos is a great joy for you! When it’s about taking photos, Istanbul is one of the best places that ever come to your mind. If you’re on your way to Istanbul but still have no idea about where, when and, how to take photos in this great city, you’ve come to the right place. Moreover, you will learn about the famous Istanbul photographers and will be inspired by their works while you’re taking your own pictures. Get ready to learn everything you need to know about Istanbul photos.

With its long history, natural beauties and worldwide famous places, Istanbul is a great corner of the whole world for you to take great photos. In Istanbul, with every step you take, you witness a whole history. Capturing moments from the pages of history will put you through time travel. If your camera is ready, press the record and we’re getting started! Here is a list of famous places in Istanbul to take the best photos.

  1. Galata Tower
  2. Bosphorus
  3. Pierre Loti
  4. Sultanahmet Square
  5. Topkapi Palace
  6. Istiklal Stret
  7. Belgrad Forest

Galata Tower

Galata Tower is one of the most significant symbols of Istanbul. As it is constantly associated with Istanbul itself, you might even recognize Galata Tower from the famous postcards of Istanbul.  When you visit Istanbul, don’t you want to take a great photo of the Galata Tower? If yes, here is everything you need to know about it. 


Galata Tower is formerly known as Isa Tower. It is said that the construction of the tower started in 500s A.D. However, the exact date is not clear. It was constructed as a result of the order of the Byzantine Emperor, Anastasius. What makes the tower that important and popular is the long history behind it. It is believed that Galata Tower is the oldest work of art in the region. Throughout history, the tower was used by various civilizations. These include the Ottoman Empire, Venetians, Romans, and more. The purpose of the use has shown a difference as time has passed. While it was used as a shelter by Christians, the Ottoman Emperor Murat III used the tower as an observatory. Later on, when it was finally owned by Turks, it was renovated. 

Galata Tower

Another interesting story about Galata Tower dates back to the 17th century. An aviator named Hezarfen Ahmed Celebi tried to fly with his own wings from the famous neighborhood of Istanbul, Uskudar to Dogancilar. With his wings made of wood, Hezarfen Ahmed Celebi chose Galata Tower as his starting point. It has been told for centuries that Hezarfen Ahmed Celebi managed to become the first person to fly with his own wings. This incident caught so much attention from all over the world. This might even be one of the reasons why the tower is one of the best landmarks in Istanbul.

Galata Tower is glamorous not only with its history and worldwide known incidents but also with its special features. While the height of the tower is 229 feet from the ground to the roof, the thickness of the walls is 12 feet. Under the deep holes, bones and skulls were found. Therefore, it is believed that the tower was also used as a dungeon in the past.

Legends About Galata Tower 

  1. According to the legend, If a boy and a girl get on the top of Galata Tower together for the first time, they will get married to each other. This legend comes from Roman times. Therefore, If Galata Tower is your first choice to take great photos in Istanbul, don’t forget to take your beloved one with you. 
  2. This legend is not only about Galata Tower. We also have another famous landmark, Maiden’s Tower. It is believed that Galata Tower and Maiden’s Tower are in love with each other but they can’t come together because they’re divided by Bosphorus. One day, Hezarfen Ahmed Celebi gets on the top of Galata Tower and takes the love letters written by Galata Tower with him and flies to Maiden’s Tower. Hezarfen Ahmed Celebi gives the letters to Maiden’s Tower, therefore Maiden’s Tower finally realizes that her love is not unrequited. From generation to generation, their love goes on and on. So just like in the legend, If you don’t want these two lovers to be separated, don’t forget to visit also Maiden’s Tower after taking great photos next to Galata Tower.

Maiden’s Tower

At any time of the year, Galata Tower is the best place to take photos in Istanbul. During summer and springtime, you can take great photos on the balcony and the beautiful sound of the birds will accompany you. Moreover, you will also have the chance to take great photos of old, historic buildings and Istanbul strait while you’re on the top of the Galata Tower.  


Galata Tower is located in the Beyoglu district, Bereketzade Neighborhood and, Galata Tower Street in Istanbul. In case you need the exact address, here it is:

Bereketzade, Buyuk Hendek Street. Nu: 2, 34421 Beyoglu/Istanbul, Turkey

If you need to call for further information, there is also a phone number for you to make a phone call:
Phone Number: +90212 293 5707


Beyoglu is one of the most famous districts in Istanbul. For that reason, you will have no difficulty in reaching the Galata Tower. The city offers you various alternatives for transportation. 

  1. If you use public transportation, you need to reach Taksim first. By walking for 15 minutes, you can reach the tower.
  2. If you’re coming from Kadikoy, you can take Karakoy ferry and after a 5-minute walk, you will reach the tower. 
  3. If you’re coming from Uskudar, you can take Karakoy ferry and after a 5-minute walk, you will reach the tower.

Fees and Charges

Galata Tower is open for its visitors from 9 am to 7 pm including weekends. The visit is not free but the fee is not too high. 

Turkish Visitors: 10 Turkish Liras (2 dollars)
Students: 5 Turkish Liras (0,7 cents)
Tourists: 25 Turkish Liras (4 dollars)
Free for children under 5 years old.


It is no secret that Istanbul is always on the top 10 list with geographical location and importance. Istanbul Strait or in other words, Bosphorus has a huge function of connecting Asia and Europe to each other. This helps Bosphorus become even more important not only for Turkey but also for all the other countries. Throughout history, Istanbul Strait has always witnessed political, social, and commercial incidents. However, besides these important incidents, Bosphorus has a big contribution to social life. Both for local Istanbul people and foreign visitors, Bosphorus is always the best stop to spend quality time in Istanbul. But this time, we will talk about its just another huge function: A great landscape and is one of the best places to take great photos.

Either in the morning or at night, you can always take the best photos on Bosphorus. If you’re interested in nature photography, you can capture timeless moments, especially during sunsets and sunrises. If you want to get into this feeling more, don’t forget that you have a great chance to get closer to Istanbul Strait. Take ferry tours and capture the endlessness of the great blue water while you’re in the middle of the strait. You will also be accompanied by seagulls If you bring Turkish bagels which are called “simit” in Turkey. Just throw small pieces of bagels to seagulls from the ferry and enjoy witnessing this amazing moment and taking great photos of them while they’re eating enjoyable food. 

If taking an Istanbul Strait boat tour sounds like the best way to take great photos in Istanbul to you, then here are some options for you to enjoy a trip:

  1. You can start the trip from Eminonu to Kadikoy district:  You can find a new trip every 20 minutes on weekdays, weekends, and even on holidays. On weekdays, the first trip starts at 7 am and the last trip is at 9:10 pm. On weekends and holidays, the first trip starts at 7:10 am and the last trip is at 9 pm. 
  2. You can start the trip from Besiktas to Kadikoy district: You can find a new trip every 30 minutes on weekdays, weekends, and even on holidays. the first trip starts at 06:45 am and the last trip is at 11.45 pm every day of the week.
  3. You can start the trip from Uskudar to Eminonu district: You can find a new trip every 20 minutes on weekdays, weekends, and even on holidays. The first trip starts at 6:30 am and the last trip is at 10:30 pm every day of the week.
  4. You can start the trip from Karakoy to Kadikoy district: You can find a new trip every 10 minutes on weekdays, weekends, and even on holidays. On weekdays, the first trip starts at 6:10 am and the last trip is at 1 am. On weekends and holidays, the first trip starts at 7:10 am and the last trip is at 1 am.
  5. You can start the trip from Bostanci to Karakoy district: You can find a new trip every 50 minutes on weekdays, weekends, and even on holidays. The first trip starts at 6:55 am and the last trip is at 7:20 pm every day of the week.


For further information, you can also visit the website below or get in contact with the official call center. Moreover, there is even a number that you can send a text message and ask your questions.


Call Center: 153

For questions, send a text message to 1530.

Fees and Charges

These boat trips for Bosphorus are a part of public transportation in Istanbul. For that reason, you need to have a card called Istanbul Card to travel. In your Istanbul card, you need to have:

5,50 Turkish Liras (0,79 $) for Karakoy – Bostanci line
4 Turkish Liras (0, 57 $) for Karakoy – Kadikoy, Eminonu – Kadikoy, and Besiktas – Kadikoy lines.
3,65 Turkish Liras (0,52 $) for Uskudar – Eminonu line

Moreover, If you need more information about Istanbul Strait (Bosphorus) and traveling in Istanbul by ferry, check our other posts:

Pierre Loti

Pierre Loti is a famous hill in Istanbul where you can enjoy your time any time in a day. If the best landscape for your dream Istanbul photos is Golden Horn, you’ve come to the right place. Pierre Loti is famous for its cafe as you can not find a better place than this cafe to have a  better landscape. If you want to take the best pictures of Golden Horn, you can visit Pierre Loti and take great photos while enjoying your time and listening to the great silence of nature accompanied by the great landscape of Golden Horn.


The hill takes its name from the famous French writer Pierre Loti. Pierre Loti is known for living in Istanbul for a long time and being a big Istanbul lover. His real name is Julien Viaud. According to the recorded information, the reason behind the fact that the cafe is very famous in Pierre Loti is actually related to the writer Pierre Loti. It is known that Pierre Lori was visiting this cafe very often. Back then, this cafe was called as “Rabia Kadin Kahvesi”. Moreover, there is also a street in Istanbul called Pierre Lori Street which shows us how important Pierre Loti is for Istanbul and Istanbul people.


If spending a few hours sitting in Pierre Loti is not enough for you, there are some other facilities that it is served. These facilities include a place for accommodation, restaurants and some other cafes. 

  1. Turquhouse Hotel:  Located in Pierre Loti, this hotel will serve you a second home in Istanbul. You can feel and witness the atmosphere of Turkish houses in this famous hotel as the hotel is designed just like typical Turkish houses. Apart from its great landscape, the opportunity to reach the hotel by using the cableway will be just another unforgettable moment for you. In the morning or at night, you can take great photos in the cableway while you’re simply and comfortably on your way to your hotel.
  2. Aziyade Restaurant: Located in Pierre Loti, this restaurant is a great place for you to taste delicious foods from Turkish and Ottoman cuisine while enjoying the landscape at the same time. You have also the opportunity to have conferences,  weddings, or engagement parties at this amazing restaurant.
  3. Tarihi Kahve: What makes this cafe famous is the fact that famous writer Pierre Loti mentions this cafe in his novels. This cafe will be a great stop for you to spend some time, have some rest, and enjoy your time in Istanbul. You can also eat some Turkish food here like manti, gozleme (a food like a pancake).
  4. Nargile Evi: Especially during wintertime, you can enjoy smoking a hookah in this place.


If you decide on Pierre Loti to spend your time and take unique photos, here is the information you need in order to reach the place, make reservations and further questions. 

Address: Pierre Loti Tepesi Turistik Tesisleri, Idris Kosku Street. 34050 Eyup / Istanbul

Phone Number: +90(212) 497 13 13

Email address: [email protected]


Sultanahmet Square

If you want your photos to witness the historical and religious places, Sultanahmet Square is the best place for you. If you visit Istanbul and don’t take photos of Sultanahmet Square, it will be a total waste of time. Sultanahmet Square is located in the Fatih district in Istanbul. You can take photos of famous mosques, historic palaces which were mostly used by famous pashas of the Ottoman Empire and fountains. If you want to know more about these famous places on Sultanahmet Square, keep reading!

  1. Palace of Pargali Ibrahim Pasha

If you visit Sultanahmet Square, don’t forget to visit the palace of Pargali Ibrahim Pasha. This enormous palace will put you in a time machine and take you to the old Istanbul in the 1500s. You will feel the atmosphere of the ancient Ottoman palaces and make this moment last forever by taking great historical photos.


Pargali Ibrahim Pasha was a famous pasha of the Ottoman Empire. He was also known for being the son-in-law of the emperor of the period, Suleiman The Magnificent. Ibrahim Pasha was married to the sister of the emperor. Ibrahim Pasha takes his name from the place he was born in, Parga. Parga is located in the Republic of Venice. Thus, that’s how Ibrahim Pasha takes his nickname. Pargali means “from Parga” in Turkish. So he’s simply called “Ibrahim Pasha from Parga”. Ibrahim Pasha is one of the most famous and successful pashas of the Ottoman Empire. He won various victories and he later became the second most important person for Ottoman Empire after the emperor. After getting married to the sister of the emperor, Suleiman the Magnificent, this palace, Pargali Ibrahim Pasha Palace was gifted to the newly married couple by Suleiman the Magnificent. Back then, the famous palace was known as At Meydani Sarayi which means At Square Palace in Turkish. Nowadays, the palace is used as a museum. 


If your next stop to take historical pictures is Pargali Ibrahim Pasha Palace, here is all the information you need:

Address: Binbirdirek, Atmeydani Street. Nu:44, 34122 Fatih/Istanbul, Turkey

2. Hagia Sophia

If you’re interested in different cultures, religions, and beliefs, Hagia Sophia will be your favorite place in Istanbul. Hagia Sophia is currently a museum and mosque. With its long historical background and spiritual atmosphere, Hagia Sophia is one of the oldest and most famous historical artifacts in the whole world. If you ever visit Istanbul, don’t leave without visiting Hagia Sophia and taking photos. 


The long history of Hagia Sophia dates back to the Byzantium period. When Istanbul was under the control of the Byzantine Empire, it was built in the order of the emperor of the period, Justinian I in 532 AD. Firstly, it was built as a cathedral. However, later on, after the Ottoman Emperor Mehmed II conquered Istanbul in 1453, he turned the cathedral into a mosque. Since 1935, Hagia Sophia has served as a museum. The name of the museum comes from the Greek language. In Greek, Hagia Sophia means “divine wisdom”. Moreover, there are some special privileges. They are:

  1.  Hagia Sophia is the oldest cathedral in the world.
  2.  Hagia Sophia is the only cathedral that was built in 5 years. There is no other cathedral that is built in a shorter time. 
  3. Hagia Sophia is the biggest cathedral of all. 


If you want to visit Hagia Sophia, here you will find the necessary information.

Address: Cankurtaran Street., Ayasofya Avenue, Sultanahmet Square Nu:1, Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey
Phone Number: +90 212 522 17 50

If you want further information, check the website:

You can visit Hagia Sophia according to this timetable:

Summer Term:
April 1 – October 31:
Opening Hour: 9:00 am
Closing Hour: 7:00 pm

Winter Term:
October 31 – 1 April
Opening Hour: 9:00 am
Closing Hour: 6:00 pm

Note it down that the museum is not open on Mondays during the winter term. However, it is open to its visitors all week long during the summer term. Thus, plan your trip according to this information. 

Fees and Charges

As Hagia Sophia is a museum, there is a charge that you need to pay to visit. You need to pay 100 Turkish Liras (15 dollars) and you can get your tickets from the box office. Keep it in mind that the box office is closing at 6:00 pm during winter and at 7:00 pm during summer. 

Topkapi Palace

Istanbul is one of the most historic cities in the world. You can be sure that you come across a historical artifact no matter what direction you turn your head to. Topkapi Palace is just another famous, historical building that you need to see in Istanbul. Just like Pargali Ibrahim Pasha Palace, Topkapi Palace is also in Sultanahmet Square. We have already mentioned the Ibrahim Pasha Palace and its importance. This time, more importantly, we will talk about a palace that the Ottoman Empire emperors lived. If you want to know more about this great place that you can take many perfect photos, keep reading!


Topkapi Palace was built in the order of the Ottoman Emperor, Mehmed II. It was built between the dates of 1460 – 1478. Until 1922, Topkapi Palace was the center of government and education. Moreover, it was served as a home to the Ottoman emperors. Later on, after the foundation of the Turkish Republic, in 1924 Topkapi Palace was turned into a museum by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. (Founder of the Turkish Republic) It is noted that the Ottoman Empire did not spend much money on the construction of Topkapi Palace so it is known as a “modest” palace. During the period, more money was spent on the construction of bridges, mosques, and caravansaries. 


If you believe that you can not look into the future properly without knowing the past, Topkapi Palace will welcome you to the mysterious world of the past. There is no doubt that everyone would like to capture this amazing historical artifact so don’t forget to take great pictures. However, inside of the museum, you might not be allowed the take photos in some parts so be careful about following the rules. Here is the information you need for Topkapi Palace:

Address: Cankurtaran, 34122 Fatih/Istanbul, Turkey

Phone Number: +90 212 512 0480 

Visiting Hours: 

Winter Term:
October 2 – April 1:
Opening Hour: 9:00 am
Closing Hour: 5:00 pm

Summer Term:
April 1 – October 2:
Opening Hour: 9:00 am
Closing Hour: 7:00 pm

Don’t forget that Topkapi Palace is not open on Tuesdays. Plan your trip accordingly. 

Fees and Charges

Here you will find the number of fees and charges to take a trip inside the Topkapi Palace Museum.

Topkapi Palace Museum: 100 Turkish Liras (15 dollars)
Harem (the part of the palace where women lived in the Ottoman Empire): 70 Turkish Liras (10 dollars)
Hagia Irene Museum: It is also another church that was turned into a museum in Istanbul. It is inside the Topkapi Palace Museum. If you want, you can also visit the Hagia Irene Museum: 60 Turkish Liras (8 dollars)

You can get your tickets from the box office. Keep it in mind that the box office is closing at 6:00 pm during winter and at 7:00 pm during summer. 

Istiklal Street

Istiklal Street is a famous and very crowded street in Istanbul. It is so famous that when you watch a documentary about Istanbul, it is inevitable not to see or mention Istiklal Street. Being such a famous street makes Istiklal Street one of your highest possible best photo place.


Istiklal Street is located in one of the oldest districts of Istanbul: Beyoglu. This district includes 9 neighborhoods. Moreover, this street has a height of 242 feet. Just like other famous places in Istanbul, Istiklal Street also dates back to the Byzantine period. At first, there were people from other religions more than Muslims in this street but later on, the Muslim population has increased. In the 1960s, the street was open to car traffic but nowadays, no cars are allowed in the street. The most symbolic thing that belongs to Istiklal Street is the red tramway. On Istanbul postcards, you have a high chance to see Istiklal Street with a red tramway on it. However, after a while, this symbolic tramway became literally symbolic and stopped serving as a tramway. In the last years, even the symbolic tramway stopped working, unfortunately. But still, Istanbul Street is a great place not only for taking great photos but also for a lively nightlife.

Belgrad Forest

Although Istanbul is a great historical city, it is no secret that megacities like Istanbul sometimes lack green areas. If you like nature photography and want to spend your time among big, green trees, Belgrad Forest is the place that you’re looking for in Istanbul. This forest is located in Catalca Peninsula, Istanbul and it is preferred by people who like nature and want to spend some peaceful time when they get tired of the rush of the big city. If you want to take beautiful nature photos and spend some peaceful time and go on a picnic with your beloved ones, here is what you need to know about Belgrad Forest.

Back in time, the Ottoman Empire emperor Suleiman the Magnificient brought people from Belgrad to this place after his excursion of Serbia. Later on, many dams were furnished to supply the water needs of the empire. 

Today, Belgrad Forest is used as a picnic spot. You can get mesmerized by various types of trees such as pine trees, oak trees, poplar trees, and more. In Belgrad Forest, you can find restaurants, cafes, and sports fields. There is also a campground for those who love camping. During your camp, you can also see different types of animals and photograph these amazing animals in their habitat. 


Although Belgrad Forest is a natural place, there is some information that you need to know for sure. Belgrad Forest is open all week long. You can visit any time you want 24/7. 

Address: Bahcekoy Yeni, 34473 Sariyer/Istanbul, Turkey

Phone Number: +90 212 226 13 14

Fees and Charges

According to your way of transportation, fees and charges might show some differences. Below, you can find the fees and charges.

If you’re coming by foot: It’s free. You will not need to pay any fee.
If you’re coming by car: You will need to pay 10 Turkish Liras (1,44 dollars)
If you’re coming by minibus:  You will need to pay 35 Turkish Liras (5 dollars)
If you’re coming by midibuses: You will need to pay 60 Turkish Liras (9 dollars)
If you’re coming by bus: You will need to pay 110 Turkish Liras (15 dollars)
If you’re coming by motorcycle: You will need to pay 8 Turkish Liras (1,15 dollars)

As it is stated above, you’ll be charge-free If you come on foot, however, don’t forget that you will need to walk for 1.2 miles from the entrance to the picnic spot. So it’s recommended for you to come using your car.

Famous Turkish Photographer

Ara Guler

Before taking your own photos, If you want to take a look at famous photography examples to get inspired, famous photographer Ara Guler and his photos will be your favorite. Ara Guler is a photographer who was born on August 16, 1928, in Istanbul. He is a worldwide known and prize-winning photographer. His photographs were published in different countries such as Germany and England. In 1994, his photograph book titled “Eski Istanbul Anilari” (Old Istanbul Memories) was published. Istanbul, famous places, and just random landscapes from the streets and people take a great part in his photography.

Consequently, you’ve read about some of the most popular, historical, and natural places that you can spend a good time visiting and taking photos in Istanbul. According to your understanding of great photos, you can find your own best place or places to take great photos in Istanbul. Whether you decide to take a natural photo in Belgrad Forest or a historical photo in Sultanahmet Square, it a fact that you will have the best photos ever either way because every single corner of this amazing city, Istanbul is the best place to take photos.

How to Get Visa on Arrival

Getting a visa without wasting so much time and energy is not a dream anymore If you’re reading this because you’re about to get informed about everything that you need to know to get a visa on arrival in Istanbul. Amount of money you need to pay, conditions and necessities, airports that you can apply for a visa in Istanbul and more is waiting for you just a click away! Keep scrolling down!

Istanbul catches so much attention from people of all nationalities, ages, and religions. This attention results in getting millions of visitors to Istanbul each year. If you wonder why Istanbul attracts this huge variety of people all over the world, you can check our other post and decide on your reason to get attracted by Istanbul.

If you find your own reason to visit this beautiful city, let’s talk about the things that you need to do. To visit Istanbul, there are some requirements as you expect. The first and most important one is getting a visa. Sometimes it might seem like it requires hard work and so much time but Turkey, a very welcoming country, makes sure that people from every corner of the world can have the opportunity to visit Istanbul, Turkey. Thus, the Turkish Government makes these legal procedures easier for its foreign visitors. Different alternatives are provided for travelers. Here is how to obtain these alternatives.

Can I Get a Visa on Arrival?

Forget about going to the consulates or embassies, spending long hours, tons of serious interviews, hard questions to be answered and everything you don’t like about getting a visa because you can get a visa at the airport when you land in Istanbul. This progress starts after you arrive in Istanbul.

How to Get a Visa on Arrival?

After getting off the plane, you will be directed to an office. At this office, you will find an officer that is waiting for you to help. By showing your required documents, you will be completing your legal procedures to get your official permission to enter Istanbul. At this point, you will be also expected to show up with your passport to finish your procedures with passport control. Moreover, don’t worry about finding your way. There will be signs and boards to show you the way. For example, you will see blue stripes on the floor on your way to the hall where arrival passengers wait and these stripes will lead you to the visa office. You can also keep an eye on a sign that says “Visa” to find your way. Moreover, feel free to ask directions If you are lost. Turkish people are known for being friendly and ready to help. If you can’t find anyone to help you, you can also use online maps below provided by airports in Istanbul to find the shortest way to get to the visa office.

For Sabiha Gokcen International Airport, you can use this map to find the place that you want to go and how to go there:
For Istanbul Airport, you can use this map to find the place that you want to go and how to go there:

When you arrive at the visa office, an authorized officer will be there to help you. In case you wonder, this visa office is open for all the passengers for  24/7 hours. Thus, don’t worry about the time of your arrival.

On the other hand, there is also another alternative for you. At the airport, you can get your visa quickly by using kiosks provided by Turkish Airlines. All you will need to do is to scan your passport, pay the fee and get your visa in a few minutes. If you prefer old-fashioned ways more and believe that getting things face to face is the best option, you can visit the office but using kiosks will definitely save more time.

Who Can Get a Visa on Arrival?

At this point, the country that you’re coming from has big importance as the opportunity that the Turkish government offers includes only a number of countries. If your country is on the list below, it means that you have the chance to get your visa on arrival. 

  • Antigua and Barbuda
  • Armenia
  • Australia
  • Austria
  • Bahamas
  • Barbados
  • Belgium
  • Canada
  • Croatia
  • Dominica
  • Dominican Republic
  • Grenada
  • Haiti
  • Ireland
  • Indonesia
  • Jamaica
  • Maldives
  • Mauritius
  • Mexico
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Oman
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Spain
  • Saudi Arabia
  • United Arab Emirates
  • United Kingdom
  • USA
  • Yemen

To keep up with the most recent updates and changes at regulations, don’t forget to check the official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Turkish Republic.

Is Turkish Visa on Arrival Free?

Just like when you’re getting a regular visa that you apply at an embassy, you will need to pay for a visa on arrival too. Thus, we can’t say that it’s free. For that reason, we advise you not to forget to bring enough amount of money with you while you’re coming.

How Much You Need to Pay for a Visa on Arrival?

This fee can show some changes from time to time according to the recent regulations and the currency rate but recently, the approximate amount is 200 Turkish Liras which equals 30 dollars.

How Can I Pay the Fee?

For payment, you have different options too. A debit or credit card is available for payment. You can also use cash.  However, keep it in mind that If you want to use the kiosks, you can only pay by your credit or debit card. Moreover, it is guaranteed that your card information will not be reserved or shared with anyone.

How Long Does It Take to Get a Visa on Arrival?

Normally, when you apply for a visa to Istanbul, first you need to get an appointment from the nearest Turkish Embassy or Consulate. However, as you don’t need an appointment for a visa on arrival, there might be a chance to wait in a queue. Nevertheless, don’t think that it will last for hours. Approximately, we can assume that you will get your visa in a maximum of 10 minutes. This might show some changes according to how busy is the office. If you choose the cheapest months to visit Istanbul, there will be a higher chance to wait for a bit longer while in line as the office will be busier with more visitors. If you want to know the cheapest and the most expensive months to visit Istanbul, you can read the post below for more information:

What Do You Need to Apply for a Visa on Arrival?

Getting your visa on arrival would be easier and quicker but it definitely doesn’t mean that you don’t need to declare some necessary legal documents. If you’re about to set out for Istanbul, make sure that you have these documents in your baggage. 

  1. Passport (It should be valid at least for a year)
  2. A hard copy of your passport
  3. You need to bring the visa application form and fill it completely. 
  4. Enough amount of money for the visa fee
  5. A document that proves your hotel reservation
  6. Your round-trip flight ticket
  7. At least 3 biometric photos
  8. Travel Health Insurance Documents
  9. A document that shows your bank account balance for the last 3 months at least.


Your international ID also is known as a passport is very important when it comes to visiting a foreign country. You can’t get a visa If you don’t have your passport with you even when you have all the other required documents with you. Moreover, the validity of your passport is also very important. It should be valid at least for a year and be careful about the blank pages in your passport. For each country that you visit, the visa officer will stick a stamp on your passport. If there are no empty pages left, you can’t use that passport and you can’t get a visa. Before starting your trip, don’t forget to make sure that you’ve done everything necessary.

How Long Is My Visa Valid?

If your purpose of the visit is to enjoy Istanbul and see this big, beautiful city that has witnessed different empires and civilizations, then you will need to get a tourist visa. There are different types of visa and the validity date of each visa is different. Here you will find different types of visa and you can decide on the visa type that you will get when you arrive in Istanbul.

  1. Visas for Visitors:  If your visit involves a tourist voyage or a business trip, it means that you will need to get a visitor visa. You can visit the country with this visa for 6 months.
  2. Visas for Students: If your visit aims to get an education in Turkey, then your visitor visa will not work. In special cases like getting an education, you will also choose your visa according to this purpose. 
  3. Visa for Workers Temporarily: If you will be in Turkey for a while to work in Istanbul, you need a work visa. This allows you to work in a certain amount of time. 
  4. Diplomatic Visa: If you are a diplomat and your purpose of the visit includes a diplomatic trip, then you will need a diplomatic visa.

The validity date for each type of visa can change in different countries. If we assume that you will visit Istanbul just for a touristic trip, then we can say that your visa will be valid for 90 days in 180 days. It simply means that with a visitor visa you can’t stay longer than 90 days in Istanbul in total.

Eligible Airports for Visa on Arrival in Istanbul

There are 3 widely known airports in Istanbul. These are:

  1. Ataturk International Airport (IATA)
  2. Istanbul International Airport (IST) – Located in Arnavutkoy
  3. Sabiha Gokcen International Airport (SAW) – Located in Pendik

 However, there is no entry for domestic or international arrivals in Ataturk Airport anymore. In 2019, all the flights were transferred to the newly built Istanbul Airport. Since then, Istanbul Airport and Sabiha Gokcen Airport have been the only two airports available for new visitors. For that reason, you can either fly to Istanbul Airport or Sabiha Gokcen Aiport If you want to visit Istanbul. Accordingly, only these two airports are eligible for a visa on arrival in Istanbul. 


If you don’t like to leave it to the last moment, there is an easy way to complete these legal procedures before arriving in Istanbul. A few years ago, The Turkish Republic announced that they will offer an opportunity for its foreign visitors. An electronic system called e-visa makes everything easier. By visiting the official website below, you will need to complete an electronic visa application form, pay the fee and complete your all procedures before even visiting an embassy. After completing the form, you will download your visa approval document. And by showing this official document, you will visit Istanbul. Here is the website:

You might think that when you have a question, you don’t have anyone there to help you as you complete it all online but no need to worry because there is a section for you to get in contact with the officers on the website. By giving your personal information like your name, surname, document number, your country, you can ask your questions and you will be answered in a short while. However, don’t forget to send your feedback in English, no other languages are accepted.

You might wonder about other options to get a visa, there is one more here. Have you ever heard an invitation letter? If you haven’t, keep reading!

Invitation Letter

An invitation letter is a written document addressing the embassy of the country that you want to visit. However, this letter is not expected to be written by the visitors themselves, but by a resident that lives in that country. Thinking about Istanbul, we can simplify it like this: If you have a relative or someone you know from your home country living in Istanbul, Turkey, you can get an invitation letter from him or her to visit Turkey. This person needs to declare your name, surname, your purpose of the visit, your arrival, and departure date, etc. By providing an invitation letter to the Turkish Embassy, you will ensure that you have someone you know in Turkey and it will make you look more reliable. In a way, it will guarantee that you will come, visit and go back to your own country. However, don’t forget that an invitation letter doesn’t help you get a visa certainly. We can say that only an invitation letter is not enough. As a result of any other inconvenience, you might face a problem getting a visa. An invitation letter is just there to make it easier. 

As a result, we can say that there are different alternatives for you to get a visa to visit Istanbul. E-visa, regular visa provided by the embassy or a visa on arrival are known as the main and the most common options to get a visa for Turkey. You have got informed about the fee, required documents. This will help you find the best option that is suitable for you. Regardless of the option that you choose, Istanbul is waiting for you with open arms after getting your visa.

What’s Underground in Istanbul (Basilica Cistern)

When we walk in Istanbul, we actually walk above the past. It is possible to reach a hidden part of the history of thousands of years if you dig under your feet anywhere. Because the underground is full of Roman and Byzantine artifacts. The Ottomans never built a cistern and had little to none secret underground tunnels. Therefore, Istanbul has an underground background that focuses on Byzantine heritage. The major example of this would be the Basilica Cistern. It is located right next to the great Hagia Sophia and can be accessed ( and also seen in some parts ) from the Sultanahmet Square.

The Basilica Cistern is a massive water reservoir that is nearly 1500 years old. It is filled to the “brim” with secrets wonders. Let’s talk about it;

The Basilica Cistern covers a total area of nearly 100.000 square feet. The cistern, which has a water storage capacity of nearly 100,000 tons, can be reached by descending a stone ladder that has 52 steps. The interior of the building is supported by 336 columns, each 30 feet high and 15 feet apart. Most of these columns, which were added to the structure in 28 rows, including the Medusa Heads, which were the subject of legends, were collected from the structures considered to be old at that time.

Due to this situation that adds variety to the building in terms of architecture, you can easily notice the column heads with Corint and Dor style while visiting the building. The ceiling of the cistern is supported by arches so that it can carry the weight. Horasan Mortar was poured in a very thick way to ensure the waterproofing of its base constructed using bricks and its 15 feet thick walls.

The magnificent cistern, which is 450 feet long and 200 feet wide, is known as the “Basilica Cistern” because of its old religious structure. When talking about the structure that can be considered huge compared to its counterparts, the use of the name “Basilica Palace”, which is derived from its columnar structure, is also quite common.

The History

Built-in 532 by order of the Byzantine Emperor Justinianus, the cistern was used to meet the water needs of the Grand Palace. During the construction process, water was provided to the gigantic structure, where 7,000 slaves were employed, through 2 arches that extend to the Taksim Square from the Belgrad Forests, 11 miles from the city. One of these arches were built by the order Emperor Valens was 3100 feet, the one ordered to be built by the Emperor Justinianus was 350 feet long.

After the city passed under the Ottoman rule in 1453, the cistern continued to be used for a short time in order to meet the water needs of the gardens in Topkapi Palace. However, when the idea that it was contrary to Islamic rules became widespread in the Ottomans, the use of the structure was abandoned. The discovery of the Dutch P. Gyllius, who came to Istanbul between 1544 and 1550 to investigate the Byzantine ruins, caused the building, which was abandoned to its fate after the Ottomans set up their own systems, gained fame among the Westerners.

The cistern, whose reputation gradually increased after the explorer explained the information about the building in his travel book, underwent 2 major renovations during the Ottoman period. As a result of an accident that occurred during construction work in the area between 1955 and 1960, there was a danger of collapse in 8 columns from the northeastern wall of the building. The traces of this event, where the columns are covered with a thick layer of concrete, are still clearly visible.

The cistern, which is the frequent destination of cultural tours, was added to the cleaning and restoration work carried out in 1987 within by the municipality. Since then, the cistern was opened to the public and hosts artistic events as well as tours. These events are comprised of concerts, galleries, readings, etc. If you want to reach further information about these events you can access their website here:

The Artifacts

The most interesting part of the cistern is the Medusa Heads, which are placed under the two columns in the northwest corner for support.
Despite various studies conducted on the structure of these column heads, it could not be determined from which structure they were brought here. As the popularity of these pillars has increased over time, it was not long before legends based on Greek mythology have been speculated on these heads.

According to the most famous of these legends, Medusa was one of the most beautiful women of ancient times with her jet black eyes and long hair. Medusa, who had loved Zeus’ son, the demigod Perseus, was sentenced to an eternal curse by the jealous Athena. While Medusa’s long hair turned into a snake as was stricken of her beauty by the wrath of Athena, her gaze began to turn the men who dare to look at her into stone. It is believed that Medusa, one of the most famous characters of Greek mythology, was one of the Gorgon monsters, which, according to a legend, had the power to turn the gazers into stone, while the Gorgon paintings and sculptures were used to preserve large structures and private places, and therefore it is thought that the sculptures were placed for this reason.

In this version of the story, it is mentioned that the mythological entity is one of the 3 female monsters in the underworld. Another section that I think you might be interested in during your Basilica Cistern trip is the column decorated with various carvings and reliefs. It was previously believed that this column, with teardrop-shaped patterns on it, represented hundreds of slaves who died during the construction of the building.

At the endpoint of the cistern are “peacock eyes” made of carvings and reliefs and “tear stones”. The tear column, also known as the “Weeping Column”, gives the appearance of crying because of its moisture condensation on it. There is a wishing pool right behind the tear column. You can feel like walking on the water on the sightseeing platform during the cistern’s tour. The colorful fish in the cistern fascinate those who visit. As soon as you enter the cistern, you continue to explore with more confident steps, feeling that you have caught the mystery of history from the first step. When you come to the middle of the stairs after you start walking in the cistern, you must be ready to discover the biggest cistern of Istanbul. The arrangement of the columns creates a fascinating atmosphere thanks to the successful lighting system. The Basilica Cistern, which had witnessed two empires with its historical features and interesting stones and columns, is one of the frequently visited museums today.


The cistern is located in Sultanahmet Square. The most practical method to reach the historical building, which has the Hagia Sophia Museum on the one hand and the Blue Mosque on the other, is to use the tram running between Kabatas and Zeytinburnu. After getting off at Sultan Ahmet Station, you can reach the cistern after a short walk. Other options for those who prefer to use public transportation are Marmaray with the city buses going to Eminonu. If you want to use your own vehicle to go to the most original building of the Historic Peninsula, you can choose from the parking lots around Topkapi Palace or Eminonu.

Opening-Closing Times and Fees

Due to its cultural content, 5 TL is requested from students who want to visit the building, which you can add to the list of places to visit in Istanbul, and 10 TL from adults. Foreign travelers need to pay 20 TL to enter the building. Since it is not affiliated with the Ministry of Culture, the facility is excluded from the scope of Muzekart. The Basilica Cistern Museum is open to visitors 7 days a week. The only exceptional application for visiting the underground structure, which you can visit between 09.00-17.30, is valid for the first day of the holidays. The building opens at 13.00 noon in the first days of Ramadan and Eid holidays.

Other Underground Structures in Istanbul

Given Istanbul’s history, there are many other underground structures beneath its visible sites. The most important ones are;

  • The already covered “Basilica Cistern”
  • Seferikoz Cistern
  • Magnaure Palace Remains
  • Zeyrek Cistern
  • Hagios Minas Church
  • Anemnas Dungeons
  • Theodosius Cistern
  • Philoxenus Cistern

The Seferikoz Cistern; The impressive 11th century Byzantine Cistern is now under Kadir Has University. Seferikoz Cistern, which was used as a tobacco and food warehouse after losing its cistern function, is also a part of the Rezan Has Museum. It is open to visitors but can be photographed only with special permission.

The Magnaure Remains; 2,300 years old Magnaura is known as part of the Grand Palace. It is located under a carpet store in Sultanahmet. High walls surrounded by greenery, ruins passing through a dark passage to visitors.

The Zeyrek Cistern; Dating back to 1105s BC, Zeyrek Cistern is located in the Cibali District of Fatih, Sarachane. Many people are unaware of this historical place, which is the only example of a cistern in Istanbul with three unique facades with water collection galleries above ground and inside.

The Hagios Minas Church; The building in Samatya is thought to be one of the oldest churches in Istanbul. A church serving the Greek Orthodox faith was built on the Byzantine church in 1834. This building, built by architect Konstantin Yolasigmasis, is located on Samatya, Bestekar Hakkı Bey Street.

The Anemas Dungeons; The Anemas Dungeons in Balat are the only underground dungeons of the city. It is also exceptional and creepy, with underground tunnels, labyrinth cisterns, and torture chambers. Anemas Dungeons are part of the Blakhernai Palace complex, also known as Tekfur Palace. In addition to being the only underground dungeon left in Istanbul from the Roman period. It has exceptional features with underground tunnels, labyrinth cisterns, and extremely narrow torture chambers. According to some claims, the tunnels of Anemas Dungeons stretched all the way to Hagia Sophia in Sultanahmet Square. It was even veined beneath all of Constantinople like a spider web. Many historians and archaeologists say that there are underground roads in Istanbul, built both during the Roman and Ottoman eras, although it cannot be fully revealed and proven. Were these roads really so extensive, did Anemas Dungeons stretch 7 times below ground even at that time? It is really hard to know. Even now, it is not very difficult to come across some parts of them during excavatşon for a metro line.

The Theodosius Cistern; It was built between the years 428 and 443, by the order of Eastern Roman Emperor Theodosius the 2nd. It is one of the important buildings built with the Binbirdirek Cistern (4th century) and the Basilica Cistern (the 6th century). Visiting is free. Currently, there is no touristic establishment in the cistern. The cistern, quite well-aerated and has nice lighting. In this way, we are able to enjoy the architectural beauty of the cistern.

The Hours and How to Get There;

The Cistern is open between 10:00 am and 7:00 pm. You can visit the cistern, which is also open on holidays, whenever you want. The entrance fees of the cistern are; for Turkish citizens 10 TL, For Foreign Tourists 20 TL. Transportation is very easy. After arriving in Eminonu with Marmaray, you can come here on foot. If you want to get on the tram, you have to get off at Sultanahmet stop and from there you should walk about 5 minutes in Peykhane Street direction. When you get on the subway, you can get off at Aksaray stop and take the Eminonu Tramline, after reaching Sultanahmet stop, you can reach the cistern by walking for about 5 minutes. It is very easy to reach the cistern on Piyerloti Street in Fatih’s Cemberlitas district.

The Philoxenus Cistern; The cistern, built in the 4th century, according to Byzantine sources, is the second-largest cistern in Istanbul. The cistern, which has 224 columns inside and has a total size of 38.00 square feet, it has served as a workshop since the 16th century after it was dried. It’s also known as the “1001 Pillars Cistern” in Turkey because of its many columns. The columns in the cistern are combined with pyramid-like headers that consist of two bodies and have no engravings on them. However, there are various signs on the columns. It is stated that these signs belong to the workers working at the time the cistern was built. The cistern located to the west of the hippodrome was cleaned and opened to visitors in the past years. The cistern, which is quite easy to navigate and has an interesting beauty, has managed to survive the years from the 4th century to the time of Constantine the Great. 212 of the 224 columns in the cistern have survived to the present day. In the cistern, there are also sections such as cafes and exhibition areas.

How to get there: You can easily go here by using public transportation;

  • To go to the cistern by tram, you can get off at Sultanahmet Tram Stop (about 300 feet), Cemberlitas Tram Stop (about 900 feet) or Gulhane Tram Stop (about 1800 feet).
  • To go to the Cistern by using IETT Buses; you can reach the cistern by getting off at the Cattikapi Bus Stop (about 1800 feet), Beyazit Bus Stop (about 2000 feet), Akbiyik Bus Stop (about 2500 feet).
  • To get to the cistern by train, you can get off at Sirkeci Train Station (about 2500 feet).
  • To get to the cistern using Marmaray, you can get off at Marmaray Sirkeci Station (about half a mile).

Walking on History

As I mentioned at the beginning, Istanbul is a very ancient city, it has been the capital of three major empires; Eastern Roman, Byzantine ( which is a successor to the former ) and Ottoman. The Ottoman Empire did not have the tradition of building underground structures, hence, most of what is found under the city are from Roman and Byzantine periods. The reason for this, especially about the water reservoirs such as cisterns, is that the Turks had and still have the idea that stagnant water is not as good as running water. That’s why during the Ottoman Empire period the water structures that were built have been the arches to transport fresh water to the city. Although nowadays dams are being built in order to meet the water requirements of this city of 15 million, they are still considered better than underground water storage.

Because of this belief, and other religious and cultural ones, the Turks of the Ottoman era preferred to use the cisterns as mostly warehouses or just let them be filled with mud, which would be later cleaned during the Republican times in order to “reclaim the history of the city”. As you can see from the example of the Hagios Minos Church, Turks did not reform the “sacred” buildings, instead, they rebuilt other religious buildings on top or around the old one.

In order to cover all of Istanbul’s underground wonders I would have to write a book about them, unfortunately, this is neither the place nor I’m the expert to do so. Although I’m going to try to spark some interest in you, there are still many places and artifacts to be explored, who knows maybe in the future they will be opened to visitation and then you can re-visit this city and feel like you have been part of the discovery process.

One of the most coveted and subject to local legends are the “corridors” under the Hagia Sophia. These rumors are based on the imagination of the local populace and lack of study of these “corridors”. The historians and the archeologists that have had the chance to study and explore these structures are convinced that these generally were used as the city’s water infrastructure, freshwater canals or sewages. As you may have noticed a pattern until now, most of these underground structures are found under and around the Sultanahmet Square, the square is located near the tip of the Historical Peninsula ( Golden Horn ). The “old” city has been established on this peninsula because it was the most defensible location ( it was only conquered in 1453 by the most technologically advanced Empire in the world at the time, so the ancient kings and empires that located their palaces on the Horn were somewhat right don’t you think? ), they set their palaces within the fortifications that line the shore of the ancient city. Many contemporary stores and buildings are built on top of the old remains, some get discovered only by chance when the store owner or the owner of the land decides to put an addition. Here are some of the “lucky” finds ( most of which are not even names other that academically and more of which are closed to the public because they are on private properties that can only be accessed by academics ) ;

  • The palace remains under a parking lot in Sultanhamet ( some experts believe that these remains if excavated, can lead up to the Magnaure remains under the carpet store )
  • The basement of an old shopping center ( Kafar Han ) which is also an old Byzantine cistern. Limited visitations are possible as the center is still being used up to this day.
  • The remains of The Philoxenus Palace ( 4th and 5th centuries) that run under the Peykhane Street in Cemberlitas. These remains can be accessed through some of the modern buildings on the street. A small room under Servet Han is being used as the boiler room of the building. A part of the baths of the Palace is nowadays under a carpet manufacturer’s shop and is being used as its lunch hall. The remains have been somewhat restored by the owner of the shop.
  • Sultan’s Cistern under Ali Naki Street in Fatih. The cistern has been used by weavers and woodworkers in the past. It has been left in ruins for a long time. It has reopened in 2007 as a wedding venue after 7 years of restoration.
  • The remains of a church under a cafe. Even the academics could not access it at the time, the building is separated by the foundations of the adjacent buildings.
  • The palace remains that were uncovered after a fire in a shopping center. These remains continue under the “Antik Hotel” and are open for visitations. The remains under the hotel are nowadays being used as the hotel’s restaurant. You can check it out through their website here:

To conclude, Istanbul’s underground it as rich as its surface for those who are curious to explore. The cisterns that have been built for both water storage or for simply to level the ground for a future construction establish a major part of the city’s underground richness. When you visit be sure to check out as much as you can but keep your senses keen, as you might never know, maybe you can find some “corridor” that has been lost for centuries.

Your Path to Istanbul: Sabiha Gokcen Airport

If you like traveling, it means that you can have someplace to call home in each and every country around the world. Your “second home” in Istanbul can be the Sabiha Gokcen Airport. If you want to get to know more about this huge and wonderful gate to the world, you’ve come to the right place! Here, you will figure out everything you need to know about Sabiha Gokcen Airport such as the origin of the name of the airport, capacity, transportation, flights and more! All you need to do is to keep reading!

Megacities like Istanbul are always in need of big airports. Not only for domestic but also for international flights, airports play a great and important role worldwide. It is of the outmost importance for Istanbul. It is recorded that there have been more than 104 million passengers that visited Istanbul in 2019. To meet this popular demand, constructing airports with huge capacity is the best solution.

How Many Airports Are There in Istanbul?

To welcome 104 million visitors is not an easy thing to do. There are two international airports in Istanbul to make it easier. 

  1. Istanbul International Airport (IST)
  2. Sabiha Gokcen International Airport (SAW)

You might have heard about Istanbul Ataturk Airport and felt surprised or confused because you can’t see it in the list above. No need to feel surprised or get confused as Ataturk Airport was replaced by newly instructed Istanbul International Airport in April 2019. Ataturk International Airport used to be known as the busiest airport in Istanbul. However, after the construction of Istanbul International Airport, civil flights were stopped at Ataturk Airport. Since then, all domestic and international flights have been transferred to Istanbul International Airport.

Construction of Sabiha Gokcen International Airport

Sabiha Gokcek International Airport, also known as SAW, is the second airport in Istanbul. The construction was started in February 1998. It is known that the construction phase took a long time and cost a huge amount of money. Finally, the construction was finished in January 2001 and it cost 550 million dollars. Since 2001, SAW has served as a second home for visitors who fall in love with the natural and historical beauty of  Istanbul. 

Who is Sabiha Gokcen?

When it’s about Istanbul International Airport, it’s pretty easy to guess the origin of the name. However, Sabiha Gokcen International Airport might not make any sense to you as you need to know about Sabiha Gokcen first. Another reason that makes this airport more important and interesting is actually the origin of the name. The airport takes its name from Sabiha Gokcen and she is famous for being titled as the first-ever female fighter pilot in the world. The life story behind this courageous pilot catches so much attention. Born on 22 March 1913, in Bursa, Sabiha Gokcen was raised without a family. When she was young, she lost her family. She was always fond of improving and educating herself, therefore she showed her will to get an education to the founder of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. As a result, Ataturk adopted this young, ambitious woman and helped her become a pilot. After getting the required education to become a pilot, she finally began flying a motor aircraft for the first time on 25 February 1936. Later on, she took an active part in an airstrike in Tunceli and served as a fighter pilot in 1937. Moreover, she flew alone to Balkans that lasted for 5 days and she visited important cities such as Athens, Sofia, and Belgrade. After the devastating loss of her father, Ataturk, she quitted her job as a pilot in the army and started working as a teacher at Turkish Flight School, officially known as Turkkusu Ucus Okulu. Unfortunately, she passed away on 22 March 2001 in Ankara. 

Where is Sabiha Gokcen International Airport?

Sabiha Gokcen Airport is located in the Pendik neighborhood in Istanbul. Istanbul is a city divided into two sides: The European Side and The Anatolian Side. While Istanbul Airport is located in the European Side, Sabiha Gokcen Airport is actively serving to visitors in the Anatolian Side of Istanbul.

To get further information you can call or visit the airport via the contact information below:
Address: Sanayi, 34906 Kurtkoy Pendik/Istanbul
Phone Number: (0216) 588 88 88
Web Site:

Moreover, you can send your questions, suggestions, complaint or thanks by filling a contact form on the official website. Just click the link below to reach the form page directly.

Through this form, you can contact the authorized any time you want to inform them about your problems or questions. All you need to do this to give your own required contact information including your name, surname, airline title, your phone number, email address. After that, they will get in contact with you as soon as possible.

Don’t forget to make sure that you try to contact the authorized within office hours. It is between 8 in the morning, 5:30 in the afternoon. 

How Far Is Sabiha Gokcen Airport From Istanbul?

While living or traveling to a big city can sometimes be a disadvantage as transportation usually takes a long time. However, the abundance of transportation options is always in your favor. Depending on the place that you’re coming from, distance can change from Sabiha Gokcen Airport. 

  1. If you’re coming from Kadikoy or going to Kadikoy, it is 25 miles away from the airport.
  2. If you’re coming from Pendik or going to Pendik, it is 8 miles from the airport. 
  3. If you’re coming from Taksim or going to Taksim, it is 31 miles from the airport.

How to Get to Sabiha Gokcen Airport?

A huge variety of options are offered to you when you want to get to Sabiha Gokcen Airport. If a private car is not an option for you, you can consider getting there by taxi, renting a car or using public transportation like bus, shuttle, and train. If you want to use the seaway, you can prefer a sea bus too. 

  1. If you decide to drive to the airport in your private car: You will need to use the highway. The highway that will lead you to the airport is called TEM.  After driving for 3 miles, you will reach the airport.
    a. If you’re coming from the seashore: You can arrive at the airport by following the signs that lead to the airport.

If you’re driving your private car and don’t know where to park your car while you’re out of town, no need to worry as there are parking lots around the airport. This service is also provided by the airport itself. Don’t forget that you need to pay an amount of money for this service. The fees can change according to the type of car and the duration. Here are the fees that you need to pay for parking your car at the parking lot:


0-1 Hour: 16,75 Turkish Lira (2,60 dollars)
1-3 Hours: 21,75 Turkish Lira (3,37 dollars)
3-6 Hours: 34 Turkish Lira (5,25 dollars)
6-12 Hours: 40,50 Turkish Lira (6,28 dollars)
12-24 Hours: 54 Turkish Lira (9 dollars)

Truck / Bus:

0-1 Hour: 17,75 Turkish Lira (2,75 dollars)
1-3 Hours: 24,50 Turkish Lira (3,80 dollars)
3-6 Hours: 30 Turkish Lira (4,65 dollars)
6-12 Hours: 38 Turkish Lira (5,89 dollars)
12-24 Hours: 51,35 Turkish Lira (7,96 dollars)


0-1 Hour: 8,50 Turkish Lira (1,32 dollars)
1-3 Hours: 11 Turkish Lira (1,70 dollars)
3-6 Hours: 17 Turkish Lira (2,63 dollars)
6-12 Hours: 20.50 Turkish Lira (3,18 dollars)
12-24 Hours: 27 Turkish Lira (4,18 dollars)

You can also calculate the car fee that you need to pay on the official web site:

2. If you prefer a shuttle: A shuttle service called HAVABUS is provided. There are timetables for each shuttle according to shuttle stops. These stops are generally in the most crowded neighborhoods in Istanbul.  

The service fee for these shuttles can change from 10 Turkish Liras (1,55 dollars) to 15 Turkish Liras (2,32 dollars).

Here are the timetables:

Sabiha Gokcen Airport – Kadikoy Direction:

04:00 – 04:30 – 05:00 – 05:30 – 06:00- 06:30 – 07:00 – 07:30 – 08:00 – 08:30 – 09:00 – 09:30 – 10:00 – 10:30 – 11:00 – 11:30 – 12:00 – 12:30 – 13:00 – 13:30 – 14:00 – 14:30 – 15:00 – 15:30 – 16:00 – 16:30 – 17:00 – 17:30 – 18:00 – 18:30 – 19:00 – 19:30 – 20:00 – 20:30 – 21:00 – 21:30 – 22:00 – 22:30 – 23:00 – 23:30 – 00:00 – 00:30 – 01:00

Kadikoy – Sabiha Gokcen Airport: 

04:15 – 04:45 – 05:15 – 05:45 – 06:15- 06:45 – 07:15 – 07:45 – 08:15 – 08:45 – 09:15 – 09:45 – 10:15 – 10:45 – 11:15 – 11:45 – 12:15 – 12:45 – 13:15 – 13:45 – 14:15 – 14:45 – 15:15 – 15:45 – 16:15 – 16:45 – 17:15 – 17:45 – 18:15 – 18:45 – 19:15 – 19:45 – 20:15 – 20:45 – 21:15 – 21:45 – 22:15 – 22:45 – 23:15 – 23:45 – 00:15 – 00:45

Sabiha Gokcen Airport – Taksim: 

04:00 – 04:30 – 05:00 – 05:30 – 06:00- 06:30 – 07:00 – 07:30 – 08:00 – 08:30 – 09:00 – 09:30 – 10:00 – 10:30 – 11:00 – 11:30 – 12:00 – 12:30 – 13:00 – 13:30 – 14:00 – 14:30 – 15:00 – 15:30 – 16:00 – 16:30 – 17:00 – 17:30 – 18:00 – 18:30 – 19:00 – 19:30 – 20:00 – 20:30 – 21:00 – 21:30 – 22:00 – 22:30 – 23:00 – 23:30 – 00:00 – 00:30 – 01:00

Taksim – Sabiha Gokcen Airport:

03:30 – 04:00 – 04:30 – 05:00 – 05:30 – 06:00- 06:30 – 07:00 – 07:30 – 08:00 – 08:30 – 09:00 – 09:30 – 10:00 – 10:30 – 11:00 – 11:30 – 12:00 – 12:30 – 13:00 – 13:30 – 14:00 – 14:30 – 15:00 – 15:30 – 16:00 – 16:30 – 17:00 – 17:30 – 18:00 – 18:30 – 19:00 – 19:30 – 20:00 – 20:30 – 21:00 – 21:30 – 22:00 – 22:30 – 23:00 – 23:30 – 00:00 – 00:30 – 01:00

3. If you prefer the sea bus: Sabiha Gokcen Airport is 9 miles away from the sea bus pier. To get more information about the time schedule, click the link below or you can call directly.

Phone Number: +90 212 444 44 36

4. If you prefer the metro: You can use metro from these stops: 
Kadikoy, Ayrilikcesme, Acibadem, Unalan, Goztepe, Yenisahra, Kozyatagi, Bostanci, Kucukyali, Maltepe, Huzurevi, Gulsuyu, Esenkent, Hastane/Adliye, Soganlik, Kartal, Yesilbaglar, Pendik ve Tavsantepe.

5. If you prefer taxis: It might cost much more but getting to the airport by taxi is still a good option especially when you have heavy baggage. Depending on your departure neighborhood, money that you need to pay can change. Here are some possible and popular departure points and how much they cost to Sabiha Gokcen International Airport. 

If your departure point is Kadikoy: You need to pay 98 Turkish Liras (15 dollars) for the taxi. Don’t forget that it’s an average price, there might be some changes. It will take 30 minutes to get to SAW approximately. 

If your departure point is Taksim: You need to pay 132 Turkish Liras (20 dollars) for the taxi. Don’t forget that it’s an average price, there might be some changes. It will take 38 minutes to get to SAW approximately. 

If your departure point is Sariyer: You need to pay 169 Turkish Liras. (25 dollars) dor taxi. Don’t forget that it’s an average price, there might be some changes. It will take 41 minutes to get to SAW approximately. 

If your departure point is Fatih: You need to pay 160 Turkish Liras (23 dollars) for the taxi. Don’t forget that it’s an average price, there might be some changes. It will take 38 minutes to get to SAW approximately. 

On the official website for Sabiha Gokcen Airport, you can find a transportation map. This map shows you the ways and alternatives to get to the airport easily. Check the map:

Which Airport Is Closer?

Depending on the place that you are at might cause some changes in the answer to this question. As you read it below, Sabiha Gokcen Airport is in Pendik neighborhood. On the other hand, Istanbul Airport is located in Arnavutkoy neighborhood. This means that Sabiha Gokcen Airport is on the Anatolian Side while Istanbul Airport is on the European Side. If your departure point is on the Anatolian side, it will take a shorter time to get to Sabiha Gokcen airport. Therefore, before landing in Istanbul, don’t forget to plan your voyage properly as transportation can sometimes be difficult in Istanbul. 

What Is the Difference Between the Two Airports?

Istanbul and Sabiha Gokcen Airports are literally the welcome teams of Istanbul. Before the beautiful Istanbul Strait, our glorious airports welcome you in Istanbul. What they have in common is not limited to this, for sure. But what makes them different makes an even longer list. 

  1. Sabiha Gokcen Airport is older than Istanbul Airport. Istanbul Airport is a newly built airport in Istanbul. It was opened to visitors in 2018. However, the history of Sabiha Gokcen Airport dates back to older times. It was opened in 2001. 
  2. Their location is also another reason why they are different. Sabiha Gokcen Airport is on the Anatolian Side, on the other hand, Istanbul Airport is on the European Side.
  3. Local people in Istanbul mostly think that it is easier to reach Istanbul Airport than Sabiha Gokcen Airport. It might be because it is on the European Side and there are many more options for transportation. 
  4. Although the length of the landing fields of the two airports is almost the same, the amount of the landing fields is different. While Sabiha Gokcen Airport has 2 landing fields, Istanbul Airport has 6. 
  5. You might observe some differences in the number of visitors too. Reportedly, Sabiha Gokcen Airport hosts 66 million visitors each year while Istanbul Airport hosts 90 million. 
  6. You can only find direct flights to your destination when you choose Istanbul Airport. If you’re flying from Sabiha Gokcen Airport, you might not find non-stop flights. This means that it will cost much more money.

Which Airport Is Better?

As I listed the similarities and differences above, it might seem to you that Istanbul Airport is a more popular option and this makes it better but in fact, the answer to this question can change depending on your demand. As Istanbul Airport is newly built, it is brand new, bigger and more crowded and you can find more options for flights too. However, Sabiha Gokcen Airport can be a better option for you If you’re coming from the Anatolian Side. It will cost less money and less time to get to the airport. After finishing reading all, you will find your own answer to this question.

What Do Airlines Fly From Sabiha Gokcen Airport?

There are 20 airlines fly from Sabiha Gokcen Airport. These airlines can have flights for either domestic or international flights or both. Here is the list of these 20 airlines: 

  1. Air Arabia (For further information:
  2. Air Manas (For further information:
  3. Anadolu Jet (For further information:
  4. Atlas Global (For further information:
  5. Azerbaijan Airlines (For further information:
  6. Buta Airways (For further information:
  7. Corendon (For further information:
  8. Emirates (For further information:
  9. Fly Baghdad (For further information:
  10. Fly Dubai (For further information:
  11. Flynas (For further information:
  12. Iraqi Airways (For further information:
  13. Jordan Aviation (For further information:
  14. Nile Air (For further information:
  15. Pobeda (For further information:
  16. Pegasus (For further information:
  17. Royal Wings (For further information:
  18. Qatar Airways (For further information:
  19. Sun Express (For further information:
  20. Turkish Airlines (For further information:

Keep it in mind that among the airlines listed above, only Turkish Airlines and Emirates have flights to the U.S.

What’s the Cheapest Month to Fly to Istanbul?

According to the acquisition rates, January is the cheapest and July is the most expensive month to fly to Istanbul. As a result of the harsh weather conditions, working period and some other reasons, the prices and demand are lower in January. On the other hand, during summer, as people are on vacation, they want to visit different places and this puts the demand in a higher position. Higher demand always means higher prices so July is the most expensive month to fly to Istanbul. In January the average price is 800 dollars and in July it can go up to 1200 dollars. 

The Capacity of Sabiha Gokcen Airport

  1. Sabiha Gokcen Airport is located in a 2152782ft² area. 
  2. There are 128 counters for check-in and self-check-in kiosks.
  3. There are 74 passport counters for foreign visitors.
  4. There is a huge VIP Lounge which connected to the terminal building.
  5. There is a big conference hall.
  6. There is an airport hotel with 128 rooms.
  7. There is a parking lot for 4718 vehicles and 72 buses. 
  8. There is a duty-free shop in 48437.59ft² area from which you can buy textile products, electronic devices or cosmetics.

Terminal Guide

In a huge airport like Sabiha Gokcen Airport, you can find different alternatives to spend some time until your flight time. You can eat, buy a book or a ticket, you can even get your hair done! Here are the shops that you can visit until your flight.

  1. Flower Shop: If you want to buy some flowers for your loved ones, there is a flower shop at Sabiha Gokcen Airport.
  2. Pharmacy: It’s essential for an airport to have a pharmacy inside. In case of an emergency, you can go and take your medicine from this pharmacy shop.
  3. Banks: We need money especially when we’re at an airport. To withdraw money or for other procedures, there are two banks at SAW. These banks are Turkiye Is Bankasi and Yapi Kredi Bankasi. 
  4. Rent-a-car Office: If you need to rent a car before leaving the airport, there are more than ten different rent-a-car offices at the airport.
  5. Post Office: PTT (Turkish National Post Office) is located in SAW If you need to send a mail or a card about Istanbul without leaving the airport.
  6. Hairdresser: If you need a quick hair cut or If you want to look good after getting off the plane, there is also a hairdresser at the airport.
  7. Ticket Office: You can buy a ticket from these offices for a different flight.
  8. Some Other Shops: 

Salkim Bufe (If you feel hungry and need to eat something)
Bazaar Istanbul
TS Club Corner: Official Store for Trabzonspor (If you want to buy a jersey or any other things related to the Turkish Soccer Teams)
BJK Kartal Yuvasi: Official Store for Besiktas (If you want to buy a jersey or any other things related to the Turkish Soccer Teams)
Fenerium: Official Store for Fenerbahce (If you want to buy a jersey or any other things related to the Turkish Soccer Teams)
GS Store: Official Store for Galatasaray (If you want to buy a jersey or any other things related to the Turkish Soccer Teams)
(Before buying a jersey, If you want to know more about Turkish Soccer Teams click the link: )
Zumrut Jewellery (You can buy beautiful handmade earrings, necklaces or rings as a gift for the loved ones or for yourself!)
Turk Telekom
Turkcell (Turk Telekom, Turkcell, and Vodafone shops are there for you If you need a new phone number that you can use in Turkey)

Moreover, on the official website for Sabiha Gokcen Airport, there are 3D maps and images for you to find your direction at the airport. There are different maps for both arrivals and departures. You can find the maps on the link below.

Resting Units

In Sabiha Gokcen Airport, there are rooms for passengers that are coming or going abroad. It simply means that If you feel tired and want to have rest at the airport, Sabiha Gokcen Airport provides you a comfortable room. You can hire and pay for this room on an hourly basis. Unfortunately, these rooms are available for just one person. It means that male and female passengers are expected to have rest in separate rooms. There are 18 rooms for men while only 10 rooms for women are available. You can fulfill your daily needs such as sleeping, relaxing or taking a shower in these rooms. You can even watch TV and you will have an internet connection.

Last but not least, with its different alternatives, Sabiha Gokcen Airport is a big place. Either coming or going, Sabiha Gokcen Airport is a path that you will eventually come across If you are planning to visit Istanbul. Thankfully, it is a huge airport for many visitors and it has a huge amount of facilities inside. From the origin of its name to its wide variety of airline alternatives, Sabiha Gokcen Airport is waiting for you If Istanbul is your next stop!

A Closer Look at Istanbul’s People

With their lifestyle, eating and drinking habits, their jobs, social life, religions and, their physical appearance, everything about Istanbul’s people has importance for Istanbul. Although it seems like Istanbul doesn’t need anything to be one of the most popular places worldwide yet, it’s still impossible to take Istanbul and Istanbul’s people separately. They’re an inseparable whole that makes something great and unique. What makes great cities more valuable is the local people that live there. Without a society, the world is nothing but a wasteland.

Moreover, Istanbul is a megacity that is famous for its long historical background. The Byzantine Empire, the Ottoman Empire and currently the Turkish Republic as a country are the most important civilizations that contribute to the history of Istanbul. However, local people contribute to a city more than the empires themselves. Here is how local Istanbul’s people shape the current situation of Istanbul.

Where Are the Istanbul People Coming From?

Istanbul, with its 15.52 million population, serves as a home to people from different cities, countries, and nationalities. As being a big city, there is a huge demand for Istanbul. Every year, many people from different cities and countries migrate to Istanbul. The basic reason behind thİS migration is generally either working or studying. All the immigrants seem to be mesmerized by its natural beauty and the opportunities that this big, old, great city offers. So, If you wonder how many people from different cities of Turkey you might come across during a visit to Istanbul, here are the numbers and cities in Turkey that form the population of Istanbul:

  1. People from Burdur that form the population of Istanbul: 5.730 
  2. People that come from Hakkari that form the population of Istanbul: 9.174 
  3. People from Yalova that form the population of Istanbul: 10.203
  4. People from Karaman that form the population of Istanbul: 11.412
  5. People from Mugla that form the population of Istanbul: 13.016
  6. People from Denizli that form the population of Istanbul: 23.136
  7. People from Isparta that form the population of Istanbul: 30.077
  8. People from Antalya that form the population of Istanbul: 31.666
  9. People from Duzce that form the population of Istanbul: 32.680
  10. People from Canakkale that form the population of Istanbul: 41.354

What Nationality Are Istanbul People?

You must have heard that Istanbul is always called as a metropolitan city. One of the reasons that make it metropolitan is its population from different nationalities as well as different cities in Turkey. This means that not only Turkish people but also foreign people shape the population of Istanbul. It is known that 199.260 people of Istanbul’s population are formed by foreign people. These 199.260 people include 75 different nationalities. If you wonder those nationalities, they’re listed below:

  1. German: German people are on the top of the list with 16.494 German population that lives and works in Istanbul. It is recorded that German people are mostly located in the Fenerbahce neighborhood. 
  2. British: European dwellers in Istanbul mostly prefer the European Side to live. British people are commonly located in the Moda neighborhood in Istanbul. 
  3. American, Italian, French, Spanish, and Swiss: Beyoglu neighborhood is a favorite place to live for Italian, French, Spanish and Swiss people in Istanbul. It is recorded that the population of these nationalities are common in Beyoglu. 
  4. Syrian: As a result of the devastating civil war in Syria, the Syrian population in Istanbul has increased recently. According to recorded data, there are almost 400 thousand Syrian in Istanbul. They are generally located in Okmeydani, Suleymaniye, Zeytinburnu, Bagcilar.
  5. Africans: African people generally prefer Okmeydani, Dolapdere, and Aksaray to live and work in Istanbul. 
  6. Central Asian: Uzbek, Georgian and Mongolian people have generally lived near Caglayan and Okmeydani neighborhood because textile factories are located in these neighborhoods. Uzbek, Georgian and Mongolian populations in Istanbul are 10.279, 7.978, and 5.768 respectively. 
  7. Iraqi: 9.307 Iraqi people live in Istanbul.
  8. Ukrainian: 7.724 Ukrainian people live in Istanbul. 
  9. Azerbaijani: 19.875 Azerbaijani people live in Istanbul.
  10. People of Kenya: The lowest rate belongs to the people of Kenya. It’s known that only 148 of them live in Istanbul.

What Are the Ethnic Minorities in Istanbul?

Kurdish people with more than 3 million population consists of the most important ethnic minorities in Istanbul. These people originate from the southern and eastern parts of Turkey. The largest Kurdish population of Turkey is also located in Istanbul. 

Secondly, in the 1950s there was a significant amount of Jewish people in Istanbul. Their number was up to 100.000 but recently, they are not more than 18.000. It is recorded that they mostly locate in Izmir. 

Moreover, there is a group of Assyrians people in Istanbul. Their number is up to 17.000. They mostly live in the Sulukule neighborhood which is known as the oldest place that once belonged to the Roman Empire.

What Do You Call a Person From Istanbul?

Although there is not a specific name for people that live in Istanbul, you can hear them being called Istanbulite, Istanbul local people, Istanbul residents or Istanbul natives. If you want even a simpler one, you can freely say Istanbul’s people.

What Religion Are People From Istanbul?

As a result of the majority of Turkish people located in Istanbul, the dominant religion is Islam in Istanbul. According to a survey, most of the Turkish people in Istanbul noted that they’re Muslims. This consists of 98% of the Istanbul population. Thanks to this majority, there are many different and worldwide famous mosques in Istanbul. They originally come from Byzantium or Ottoman Empire times. While some of them are open to worship, some others are not. We can list the main ones as:

  1. Blue Mosque (located in Sultanahmet Square, Fatih)
  2. Suleymaniye Mosque (located in Fatih)
  3. Hagia Sophia Mosque  (located in Fatih)
  4. New Mosque (located in Fatih)
  5. Fatih Mosque (located in Fatih)
  6. Mihrimah Sultan Mosque (located in Uskudar)

Although Istanbul is dominated by Islam thanks to the majority of Muslim people, the presence of different nationalities brings along different beliefs. Christianity, Jewish, Buddhism, Hinduism are among the minor religions in Istanbul.

Is There Freedom to Worship in Istanbul?

Not only in Istanbul but also in Turkey, everyone, regardless of their religion, is free to worship. As well as many mosques, there are also different places to worship such as churches for Christians and synagogues for Jews. This enables Istanbul people to worship freely any day or at any time. Toleration for different ideas and beliefs is what makes Istanbul popular and capital of civilization. During your trip to Istanbul, If you want to visit the religious places or to worship, here are some famous churches and synagogues in Istanbul:

Famous Churches:

  1. St. Antoine Church: If you want to visit this famous church, you can take the metro and get off at Yenikapi Station. It is located in Beyoglu.
  2. Union Church of Istanbul: This glamorous, old church is located in Istiklal Street, Beyoglu. 
  3. Saint Stephen Bulgarian Church: Located in Fatih.
  4. Rivers Church: Located in Sisli neighborhood.
  5. Assyrian Church: Located in Fatih.
  6. Roman Catholic Church Santa Maria Draperies: Located in Beyoglu.

Famous Synagogues:

  1. Neve Shalom Synagogue: Located in Beyoglu
  2. Italian Synagogue: Located in Beyoglu
  3. Ashkenazi Synagogue of Istanbul: Located in Beyoglu
  4. Yanbol Synagogue

What Are Istanbul People Like?

Istanbul is a multicultural city. As we talked about the population above, you can guess that many different cultures and practices you may see in Istanbul. However, as it is dominated by Turkish people, mostly it’s inevitable to witness Turkish culture and behaviors in society. For that reason, when you’re on a trip to Istanbul, you need to know more about Turkish people and their lifestyles. It’s always better to figure this out by living among Turkish people but if you want to be prepared beforehand, everything you need to know Turkish people is just a paragraph away!

What Do Turkish People Look Like?

In Istanbul, you can’t see just one type as it has a mixed population. However, in general:

  1. you can see black or dark-colored hair more commonly than blonde hair in Istanbul people. It’s not very common to see a Turkish person with blonde hair and green or blue eyes, however, it’s not impossible. 
  2. On the other hand, you can see lots of people with pale skin and dark-colored hair.
  3. Turkish people generally have straight and sparse hair.
  4. Turkish people are not known for being tall. On the contrary, they’re generally short or medium height.
  5. The average height for men can change from 5’5” to 5’11”. 
  6. The average height for women is between 4’11” and 5’7”. 
  7. Their eyes are not too close to each other.
  8. Their lips are neither too thick nor thin.

What Are the Characteristic Features of Istanbul People?

Again, dominated by Turkish people, Istanbul is under the influence of Turkish culture. For that reason, the family and social structure are shaped according to the customs of Turkish people in Istanbul. And Turkish people are known as:

  1. The most characteristic feature of the Turkish people is their hospitality. If you ever visit a Turkish family in Istanbul, they will always have a warm welcome. Even if they don’t know anything about you or you just meet a few minutes ago, they will not hesitate to do their best to make you feel like you’re at home. Therefore, feel free to make Turkish friends and start friendships that might last lifelong. 
  2. Turkish people always show generosity. If you’re a guest in their house or when they help you take a trip around Istanbul, don’t feel surprised if they offer you to pay the food, transportation or any other things. Especially when you’re staying in a Turkish family’s house, you might eat the best food that you’ve ever eaten. They will welcome you with delicious foods from Turkish cuisine and insist you on eating more and more. 
  3. Turkish people are always associated with being hardworking. Since the Ottoman Empire, Turkish people have always known as a society that loves to work hard. Without giving up, you can see that they try everything and do whatever they want. 
  4. Turkish people are intelligent. They often take logical decisions in their life and follow the course of science. Even in one of his speeches, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of the Turkish Republic, describes Turkish people with these words: “Turkish people are intelligent, Turkish People are hardworking!”. 
  5. Turkish people pay great importance to be clean. In their houses or in the places that they are surrounded by, you can see that they always tend to keep it clean. Don’t feel surprised If you’re studying in a Turkish house and wake up to the sound of a vacuum cleaner in the morning. 
  6. It’s important for Turkish people to be private. They don’t like to show their personal or family life in public. They often have an ideology based on the idea that what happens inside of the family, stays in the family. This means that they don’t share the things that happen inside of the family with others. 
  7. Turkish people love to show respect to the elderly. Elderly people have such a huge impact in a Turkish family. All the youngers show respect to them and ask their opinion first when they intend to do something. Moreover, at a gathering, drinks and foods are always served to the elderly first which is a way to show respect to them.
  8. Family life is important for the Turkish people. They keep it above all else. They always try to protect their family members no matter what. 
  9. They are friendly people. If you get lost in Istanbul, don’t hesitate to stop and ask someone the direction. They are always ready to help foreign people as much as they can. 
  10. They like to touch and hug. As being friendly people, it is very common for Turkish people to touch and hug the people even when they just meet. It might sound strange to you because it sometimes causes lesser personal space but it won’t be too often to disturb you. 

What’s Regarded as Rude for Istanbul People?

Just like in other cultures, there are some things that are regarded as rude in Turkish culture too. If you visit Istanbul, try to avoid these behaviors:

  1. Pointing at someone. This is actually a behavior that is accepted as rude worldwide and it is rude in Turkish culture as well. While walking down a street in Istanbul, at a restaurant or at a meeting, try to avoid showing someone with your finger. 
  2. Walking into a house with your shoes. As we mentioned above, Turkish people are very fond of cleaning. They regard the house as a sacred place and it’s important for them to keep it clean. So, it will be regarded as rude If you don’t take off your shoes before walking into a house.
  3. Not having eye contact. While having a conversation with a Turkish person, try to make eye contact as much as you can. They often find it rude when you don’t look them in the eye. Sometimes the absence of eye contact might even lead them to a thought that you don’t listen to them carefully.
  4. Crossing legs while sitting with elderly people. As it is mentioned before, elderly people are really important for Turkish people. As a show of respect, they don’t cross their legs while sitting in front of elderly people. When someone does it, they will probably find it rude.
  5. Whispering from ear to ear in a community. While coming together with a group of people, it is rude for Turkish people to have a conversation silently. 

What Are the Common Gestures of the Turkish People?

To show their likes or dislikes, using their gestures is a very common way to express their opinions and emotions for people. All around the world, these gestures might show some changes. There are also some specific gestures that Turkish people often show to convey their emotions. They can be listed as:   

  1. A worldwide common gesture is also used by Turkish people: Nodding head. This common gesture which includes moving your head up and down means yes for Turkish people too. Therefore, it means that they’re accepting something when they nod their head. 
  2. Shaking your head. It is also another common gesture that has the same meaning for people from different cultures. For Turkish people, it is common and has the same meaning too. Just shake your head from left to right to say no silently.
  3. Putting your fingers together and making a circle, then shaking your hand up and down means that you like the food for Turkish people. This is also followed by a sound to show their appreciation. 
  4. Turkish people sometimes put their hands on their left breast to show that they decline something. For instance, when you offer food for them to eat, If they don’t want to it, they sometimes put their hands to their breast to say “No, thank you.”

How Is the Social Life of Istanbul People?

Living in an overcrowded city brings along some difficulties. The first of them is transportation and traffic jams. This shapes social life without a doubt. You can always hear Istanbul people complain about traffic and huge crowds. Especially in the rush hours, going to work or school can sometimes become torture. Rush hours for Istanbul generally change from 8 am to 10 am and 5 pm to 7 pm. In this period of time, it’s almost impossible to find available public transportation as it is highly crowded. All the buses, minibusses, taxis and subways are full. 

If you prefer to ride a subway, traffic jams are not a problem for you. However, for those who take a bus, metro bus, taxi or their own private car, traffic jam is a nightmare in Istanbul. You might get stuck in the traffic for hours so don’t forget to leave your place earlier than you should in order to arrive at your destination on time If you need to go out during rush hours. 

On the positive side, Istanbul is one of the best places in the world that you can have fun at night. There are many different options for both local Istanbul people and for tourists. For that reason, the social life of local Istanbul people is mostly shaped by cultural or social activities. These activities mainly include the followings: 

  1. Visiting art galleries or museums.
  2. Going to concerts. (Every year, worldwide famous singers have concerts in Istanbul)
  3. Going to the cinema and theatre. (Istanbul National Theatre offers a variety of famous plays for Istanbul people to see. You can find the schedules and the information about the plays here: )
  4. Spending time at the national parks. Especially when it’s spring or summertime, there are many natural parks in Istanbul. Most of Istanbul people spend their evenings or day-offs at these parks. These famous parks include Gulhane Park, Taksim Gezi Park or Moda Park. 
  5. Spending time at cafes and bars. Istanbul people like to meet their friends after work in the evening. To grab a coffee or drink a beer, they prefer cafes or bars in Istanbul. Beyoglu and Taksim Square are really famous for these kinds of places. 

If you want to spend an enjoyable day in Istanbul, you can choose one or more daily activities that Istanbul people commonly do.

What Do The Istanbul People Eat?

Turkish cuisine has a rich variety and widely accepted food worldwide. Istanbul people commonly eat from Turkish cuisine. Kebab, manti, rice, and different homemade foods are widely preferred by Istanbul people. Istanbul people like to eat meat. Even homemade foods with vegetables include meat.  If you’re a vegan or vegetarian, don’t be afraid. There are good places that offer vegan or vegetarian food for vegan people to eat. On the other hand, the eating habits of Istanbul people mostly include spicy and hot food. These might not sound healthy but since the Ottoman Empire, Turkish people haven’t changed their eating habits and it seems like they enjoy it. 

Moreover, some famous foods associated with Istanbul are:

  1. Sultanahmet Meatballs
  2. Beykoz Kebab
  3. Istanbul Rice
  4. Lakerda (fish)

On the other hand, it’s very seldom for Turkish people to eat pork. According to their belief, it’s a sin to eat pork. For that reason, you can rarely come across foods with pork in them in Istanbul. 

What Do Istanbul People Drink?

Turkish people are known for their love for eating and drinking. Eating and drinking have a big and important part of their lives. They even shape their daily life with eating and drinking. You can always witness friendly BBQ meetings, especially at weekends. Most of the time, they come together to eat, drink and chat

Do Istanbul People Drink Alcohol?

During their meetings, they prefer both alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks. Although it’s regarded as a sin to drink alcohol in their belief just like eating pork, Turkish people are not too strict to drink alcohol than to eat pork. Popular non-alcoholic drinks are: 

  1. Ayran (It is made by a mixture of yogurt and water. You can add some ice and salt too.)
  2. Salgam (Commonly famous in Adana but Turkish people generally like to drink it especially when they eat kebab. It has a sour taste and it is red and it looks like cherry juice or red wine.) 
  3. Lemonade
  4. Turkish Coffee. (Turkish people like to drink Turkish Coffee and with coffee grounds, they’re even fortune-telling by making comments on the shapes in the cup.)
  5. Boza

What Is the National Drink of Istanbul People?

An alcoholic drink called raki is accepted as the national drink of Turkish People. Raki is often being likened with a Greek drink, Ouzo. Raki is an indispensable drink for Turkish people. They sometimes call it “Aslan sutu” in daily language. It basically means the lion’s milk. They refer to an animal with great courage, lion and they refer raki as the drink that a glorious animal like a lion drinks by using this term. They indicate that they are strong and courageous people. 

When they are drinking raki, they like to eat watermelon and cheese with it. And they call it “cilingir sofrasi”. It basically means that a dining table with good food for raki on it. If you ever want to give the raki a try in Istanbul, besides having a main dish, you will be served with watermelon and cheese. 

What Do Istanbul People Wear?

Although loose pants named salvar (shalwar) is the traditional cloth of Turkish people, it is not common to wear it in daily life. Just like other people, Istanbul people wear casual clothes such as jeans, skirts, shirts, t-shirts, dresses in their daily life. 

Do I Have to Wear a Headscarf in Istanbul?

It’s not legally a must to wear a headscarf in Istanbul. Therefore, it’s up to your free will to wear it or not just like local Istanbul people unless you visit a religious place like a mosque. Other than that, everybody is free to wear whatever they want in Turkey. 

To sum up, Istanbul people are often associated with Turkish culture and often show the characteristics of Turkish culture. Istanbul is a big, modern city with its mixed population and the drinks, foods, clothing style and daily life. If you get any chance, don’t miss it to experience this culture in Istanbul.