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Your Path to Istanbul: Sabiha Gokcen Airport

If you like traveling, it means that you can have someplace to call home in each and every country around the world. Your “second home” in Istanbul can be the Sabiha Gokcen Airport. If you want to get to know more about this huge and wonderful gate to the world, you’ve come to the right place! Here, you will figure out everything you need to know about Sabiha Gokcen Airport such as the origin of the name of the airport, capacity, transportation, flights and more! All you need to do is to keep reading!

Megacities like Istanbul are always in need of big airports. Not only for domestic but also for international flights, airports play a great and important role worldwide. It is of the outmost importance for Istanbul. It is recorded that there have been more than 104 million passengers that visited Istanbul in 2019. To meet this popular demand, constructing airports with huge capacity is the best solution.

How Many Airports Are There in Istanbul?

To welcome 104 million visitors is not an easy thing to do. There are two international airports in Istanbul to make it easier. 

  1. Istanbul International Airport (IST)
  2. Sabiha Gokcen International Airport (SAW)

You might have heard about Istanbul Ataturk Airport and felt surprised or confused because you can’t see it in the list above. No need to feel surprised or get confused as Ataturk Airport was replaced by newly instructed Istanbul International Airport in April 2019. Ataturk International Airport used to be known as the busiest airport in Istanbul. However, after the construction of Istanbul International Airport, civil flights were stopped at Ataturk Airport. Since then, all domestic and international flights have been transferred to Istanbul International Airport.

Construction of Sabiha Gokcen International Airport

Sabiha Gokcek International Airport, also known as SAW, is the second airport in Istanbul. The construction was started in February 1998. It is known that the construction phase took a long time and cost a huge amount of money. Finally, the construction was finished in January 2001 and it cost 550 million dollars. Since 2001, SAW has served as a second home for visitors who fall in love with the natural and historical beauty of  Istanbul. 

Who is Sabiha Gokcen?

When it’s about Istanbul International Airport, it’s pretty easy to guess the origin of the name. However, Sabiha Gokcen International Airport might not make any sense to you as you need to know about Sabiha Gokcen first. Another reason that makes this airport more important and interesting is actually the origin of the name. The airport takes its name from Sabiha Gokcen and she is famous for being titled as the first-ever female fighter pilot in the world. The life story behind this courageous pilot catches so much attention. Born on 22 March 1913, in Bursa, Sabiha Gokcen was raised without a family. When she was young, she lost her family. She was always fond of improving and educating herself, therefore she showed her will to get an education to the founder of the Turkish Republic, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. As a result, Ataturk adopted this young, ambitious woman and helped her become a pilot. After getting the required education to become a pilot, she finally began flying a motor aircraft for the first time on 25 February 1936. Later on, she took an active part in an airstrike in Tunceli and served as a fighter pilot in 1937. Moreover, she flew alone to Balkans that lasted for 5 days and she visited important cities such as Athens, Sofia, and Belgrade. After the devastating loss of her father, Ataturk, she quitted her job as a pilot in the army and started working as a teacher at Turkish Flight School, officially known as Turkkusu Ucus Okulu. Unfortunately, she passed away on 22 March 2001 in Ankara. 

Where is Sabiha Gokcen International Airport?

Sabiha Gokcen Airport is located in the Pendik neighborhood in Istanbul. Istanbul is a city divided into two sides: The European Side and The Anatolian Side. While Istanbul Airport is located in the European Side, Sabiha Gokcen Airport is actively serving to visitors in the Anatolian Side of Istanbul.

To get further information you can call or visit the airport via the contact information below:
Address: Sanayi, 34906 Kurtkoy Pendik/Istanbul
Phone Number: (0216) 588 88 88
Web Site:

Moreover, you can send your questions, suggestions, complaint or thanks by filling a contact form on the official website. Just click the link below to reach the form page directly.

Through this form, you can contact the authorized any time you want to inform them about your problems or questions. All you need to do this to give your own required contact information including your name, surname, airline title, your phone number, email address. After that, they will get in contact with you as soon as possible.

Don’t forget to make sure that you try to contact the authorized within office hours. It is between 8 in the morning, 5:30 in the afternoon. 

How Far Is Sabiha Gokcen Airport From Istanbul?

While living or traveling to a big city can sometimes be a disadvantage as transportation usually takes a long time. However, the abundance of transportation options is always in your favor. Depending on the place that you’re coming from, distance can change from Sabiha Gokcen Airport. 

  1. If you’re coming from Kadikoy or going to Kadikoy, it is 25 miles away from the airport.
  2. If you’re coming from Pendik or going to Pendik, it is 8 miles from the airport. 
  3. If you’re coming from Taksim or going to Taksim, it is 31 miles from the airport.

How to Get to Sabiha Gokcen Airport?

A huge variety of options are offered to you when you want to get to Sabiha Gokcen Airport. If a private car is not an option for you, you can consider getting there by taxi, renting a car or using public transportation like bus, shuttle, and train. If you want to use the seaway, you can prefer a sea bus too. 

  1. If you decide to drive to the airport in your private car: You will need to use the highway. The highway that will lead you to the airport is called TEM.  After driving for 3 miles, you will reach the airport.
    a. If you’re coming from the seashore: You can arrive at the airport by following the signs that lead to the airport.

If you’re driving your private car and don’t know where to park your car while you’re out of town, no need to worry as there are parking lots around the airport. This service is also provided by the airport itself. Don’t forget that you need to pay an amount of money for this service. The fees can change according to the type of car and the duration. Here are the fees that you need to pay for parking your car at the parking lot:


0-1 Hour: 16,75 Turkish Lira (2,60 dollars)
1-3 Hours: 21,75 Turkish Lira (3,37 dollars)
3-6 Hours: 34 Turkish Lira (5,25 dollars)
6-12 Hours: 40,50 Turkish Lira (6,28 dollars)
12-24 Hours: 54 Turkish Lira (9 dollars)

Truck / Bus:

0-1 Hour: 17,75 Turkish Lira (2,75 dollars)
1-3 Hours: 24,50 Turkish Lira (3,80 dollars)
3-6 Hours: 30 Turkish Lira (4,65 dollars)
6-12 Hours: 38 Turkish Lira (5,89 dollars)
12-24 Hours: 51,35 Turkish Lira (7,96 dollars)


0-1 Hour: 8,50 Turkish Lira (1,32 dollars)
1-3 Hours: 11 Turkish Lira (1,70 dollars)
3-6 Hours: 17 Turkish Lira (2,63 dollars)
6-12 Hours: 20.50 Turkish Lira (3,18 dollars)
12-24 Hours: 27 Turkish Lira (4,18 dollars)

You can also calculate the car fee that you need to pay on the official web site:

2. If you prefer a shuttle: A shuttle service called HAVABUS is provided. There are timetables for each shuttle according to shuttle stops. These stops are generally in the most crowded neighborhoods in Istanbul.  

The service fee for these shuttles can change from 10 Turkish Liras (1,55 dollars) to 15 Turkish Liras (2,32 dollars).

Here are the timetables:

Sabiha Gokcen Airport – Kadikoy Direction:

04:00 – 04:30 – 05:00 – 05:30 – 06:00- 06:30 – 07:00 – 07:30 – 08:00 – 08:30 – 09:00 – 09:30 – 10:00 – 10:30 – 11:00 – 11:30 – 12:00 – 12:30 – 13:00 – 13:30 – 14:00 – 14:30 – 15:00 – 15:30 – 16:00 – 16:30 – 17:00 – 17:30 – 18:00 – 18:30 – 19:00 – 19:30 – 20:00 – 20:30 – 21:00 – 21:30 – 22:00 – 22:30 – 23:00 – 23:30 – 00:00 – 00:30 – 01:00

Kadikoy – Sabiha Gokcen Airport: 

04:15 – 04:45 – 05:15 – 05:45 – 06:15- 06:45 – 07:15 – 07:45 – 08:15 – 08:45 – 09:15 – 09:45 – 10:15 – 10:45 – 11:15 – 11:45 – 12:15 – 12:45 – 13:15 – 13:45 – 14:15 – 14:45 – 15:15 – 15:45 – 16:15 – 16:45 – 17:15 – 17:45 – 18:15 – 18:45 – 19:15 – 19:45 – 20:15 – 20:45 – 21:15 – 21:45 – 22:15 – 22:45 – 23:15 – 23:45 – 00:15 – 00:45

Sabiha Gokcen Airport – Taksim: 

04:00 – 04:30 – 05:00 – 05:30 – 06:00- 06:30 – 07:00 – 07:30 – 08:00 – 08:30 – 09:00 – 09:30 – 10:00 – 10:30 – 11:00 – 11:30 – 12:00 – 12:30 – 13:00 – 13:30 – 14:00 – 14:30 – 15:00 – 15:30 – 16:00 – 16:30 – 17:00 – 17:30 – 18:00 – 18:30 – 19:00 – 19:30 – 20:00 – 20:30 – 21:00 – 21:30 – 22:00 – 22:30 – 23:00 – 23:30 – 00:00 – 00:30 – 01:00

Taksim – Sabiha Gokcen Airport:

03:30 – 04:00 – 04:30 – 05:00 – 05:30 – 06:00- 06:30 – 07:00 – 07:30 – 08:00 – 08:30 – 09:00 – 09:30 – 10:00 – 10:30 – 11:00 – 11:30 – 12:00 – 12:30 – 13:00 – 13:30 – 14:00 – 14:30 – 15:00 – 15:30 – 16:00 – 16:30 – 17:00 – 17:30 – 18:00 – 18:30 – 19:00 – 19:30 – 20:00 – 20:30 – 21:00 – 21:30 – 22:00 – 22:30 – 23:00 – 23:30 – 00:00 – 00:30 – 01:00

3. If you prefer the sea bus: Sabiha Gokcen Airport is 9 miles away from the sea bus pier. To get more information about the time schedule, click the link below or you can call directly.

Phone Number: +90 212 444 44 36

4. If you prefer the metro: You can use metro from these stops: 
Kadikoy, Ayrilikcesme, Acibadem, Unalan, Goztepe, Yenisahra, Kozyatagi, Bostanci, Kucukyali, Maltepe, Huzurevi, Gulsuyu, Esenkent, Hastane/Adliye, Soganlik, Kartal, Yesilbaglar, Pendik ve Tavsantepe.

5. If you prefer taxis: It might cost much more but getting to the airport by taxi is still a good option especially when you have heavy baggage. Depending on your departure neighborhood, money that you need to pay can change. Here are some possible and popular departure points and how much they cost to Sabiha Gokcen International Airport. 

If your departure point is Kadikoy: You need to pay 98 Turkish Liras (15 dollars) for the taxi. Don’t forget that it’s an average price, there might be some changes. It will take 30 minutes to get to SAW approximately. 

If your departure point is Taksim: You need to pay 132 Turkish Liras (20 dollars) for the taxi. Don’t forget that it’s an average price, there might be some changes. It will take 38 minutes to get to SAW approximately. 

If your departure point is Sariyer: You need to pay 169 Turkish Liras. (25 dollars) dor taxi. Don’t forget that it’s an average price, there might be some changes. It will take 41 minutes to get to SAW approximately. 

If your departure point is Fatih: You need to pay 160 Turkish Liras (23 dollars) for the taxi. Don’t forget that it’s an average price, there might be some changes. It will take 38 minutes to get to SAW approximately. 

On the official website for Sabiha Gokcen Airport, you can find a transportation map. This map shows you the ways and alternatives to get to the airport easily. Check the map:

Which Airport Is Closer?

Depending on the place that you are at might cause some changes in the answer to this question. As you read it below, Sabiha Gokcen Airport is in Pendik neighborhood. On the other hand, Istanbul Airport is located in Arnavutkoy neighborhood. This means that Sabiha Gokcen Airport is on the Anatolian Side while Istanbul Airport is on the European Side. If your departure point is on the Anatolian side, it will take a shorter time to get to Sabiha Gokcen airport. Therefore, before landing in Istanbul, don’t forget to plan your voyage properly as transportation can sometimes be difficult in Istanbul. 

What Is the Difference Between the Two Airports?

Istanbul and Sabiha Gokcen Airports are literally the welcome teams of Istanbul. Before the beautiful Istanbul Strait, our glorious airports welcome you in Istanbul. What they have in common is not limited to this, for sure. But what makes them different makes an even longer list. 

  1. Sabiha Gokcen Airport is older than Istanbul Airport. Istanbul Airport is a newly built airport in Istanbul. It was opened to visitors in 2018. However, the history of Sabiha Gokcen Airport dates back to older times. It was opened in 2001. 
  2. Their location is also another reason why they are different. Sabiha Gokcen Airport is on the Anatolian Side, on the other hand, Istanbul Airport is on the European Side.
  3. Local people in Istanbul mostly think that it is easier to reach Istanbul Airport than Sabiha Gokcen Airport. It might be because it is on the European Side and there are many more options for transportation. 
  4. Although the length of the landing fields of the two airports is almost the same, the amount of the landing fields is different. While Sabiha Gokcen Airport has 2 landing fields, Istanbul Airport has 6. 
  5. You might observe some differences in the number of visitors too. Reportedly, Sabiha Gokcen Airport hosts 66 million visitors each year while Istanbul Airport hosts 90 million. 
  6. You can only find direct flights to your destination when you choose Istanbul Airport. If you’re flying from Sabiha Gokcen Airport, you might not find non-stop flights. This means that it will cost much more money.

Which Airport Is Better?

As I listed the similarities and differences above, it might seem to you that Istanbul Airport is a more popular option and this makes it better but in fact, the answer to this question can change depending on your demand. As Istanbul Airport is newly built, it is brand new, bigger and more crowded and you can find more options for flights too. However, Sabiha Gokcen Airport can be a better option for you If you’re coming from the Anatolian Side. It will cost less money and less time to get to the airport. After finishing reading all, you will find your own answer to this question.

What Do Airlines Fly From Sabiha Gokcen Airport?

There are 20 airlines fly from Sabiha Gokcen Airport. These airlines can have flights for either domestic or international flights or both. Here is the list of these 20 airlines: 

  1. Air Arabia (For further information:
  2. Air Manas (For further information:
  3. Anadolu Jet (For further information:
  4. Atlas Global (For further information:
  5. Azerbaijan Airlines (For further information:
  6. Buta Airways (For further information:
  7. Corendon (For further information:
  8. Emirates (For further information:
  9. Fly Baghdad (For further information:
  10. Fly Dubai (For further information:
  11. Flynas (For further information:
  12. Iraqi Airways (For further information:
  13. Jordan Aviation (For further information:
  14. Nile Air (For further information:
  15. Pobeda (For further information:
  16. Pegasus (For further information:
  17. Royal Wings (For further information:
  18. Qatar Airways (For further information:
  19. Sun Express (For further information:
  20. Turkish Airlines (For further information:

Keep it in mind that among the airlines listed above, only Turkish Airlines and Emirates have flights to the U.S.

What’s the Cheapest Month to Fly to Istanbul?

According to the acquisition rates, January is the cheapest and July is the most expensive month to fly to Istanbul. As a result of the harsh weather conditions, working period and some other reasons, the prices and demand are lower in January. On the other hand, during summer, as people are on vacation, they want to visit different places and this puts the demand in a higher position. Higher demand always means higher prices so July is the most expensive month to fly to Istanbul. In January the average price is 800 dollars and in July it can go up to 1200 dollars. 

The Capacity of Sabiha Gokcen Airport

  1. Sabiha Gokcen Airport is located in a 2152782ft² area. 
  2. There are 128 counters for check-in and self-check-in kiosks.
  3. There are 74 passport counters for foreign visitors.
  4. There is a huge VIP Lounge which connected to the terminal building.
  5. There is a big conference hall.
  6. There is an airport hotel with 128 rooms.
  7. There is a parking lot for 4718 vehicles and 72 buses. 
  8. There is a duty-free shop in 48437.59ft² area from which you can buy textile products, electronic devices or cosmetics.

Terminal Guide

In a huge airport like Sabiha Gokcen Airport, you can find different alternatives to spend some time until your flight time. You can eat, buy a book or a ticket, you can even get your hair done! Here are the shops that you can visit until your flight.

  1. Flower Shop: If you want to buy some flowers for your loved ones, there is a flower shop at Sabiha Gokcen Airport.
  2. Pharmacy: It’s essential for an airport to have a pharmacy inside. In case of an emergency, you can go and take your medicine from this pharmacy shop.
  3. Banks: We need money especially when we’re at an airport. To withdraw money or for other procedures, there are two banks at SAW. These banks are Turkiye Is Bankasi and Yapi Kredi Bankasi. 
  4. Rent-a-car Office: If you need to rent a car before leaving the airport, there are more than ten different rent-a-car offices at the airport.
  5. Post Office: PTT (Turkish National Post Office) is located in SAW If you need to send a mail or a card about Istanbul without leaving the airport.
  6. Hairdresser: If you need a quick hair cut or If you want to look good after getting off the plane, there is also a hairdresser at the airport.
  7. Ticket Office: You can buy a ticket from these offices for a different flight.
  8. Some Other Shops: 

Salkim Bufe (If you feel hungry and need to eat something)
Bazaar Istanbul
TS Club Corner: Official Store for Trabzonspor (If you want to buy a jersey or any other things related to the Turkish Soccer Teams)
BJK Kartal Yuvasi: Official Store for Besiktas (If you want to buy a jersey or any other things related to the Turkish Soccer Teams)
Fenerium: Official Store for Fenerbahce (If you want to buy a jersey or any other things related to the Turkish Soccer Teams)
GS Store: Official Store for Galatasaray (If you want to buy a jersey or any other things related to the Turkish Soccer Teams)
(Before buying a jersey, If you want to know more about Turkish Soccer Teams click the link: )
Zumrut Jewellery (You can buy beautiful handmade earrings, necklaces or rings as a gift for the loved ones or for yourself!)
Turk Telekom
Turkcell (Turk Telekom, Turkcell, and Vodafone shops are there for you If you need a new phone number that you can use in Turkey)

Moreover, on the official website for Sabiha Gokcen Airport, there are 3D maps and images for you to find your direction at the airport. There are different maps for both arrivals and departures. You can find the maps on the link below.

Resting Units

In Sabiha Gokcen Airport, there are rooms for passengers that are coming or going abroad. It simply means that If you feel tired and want to have rest at the airport, Sabiha Gokcen Airport provides you a comfortable room. You can hire and pay for this room on an hourly basis. Unfortunately, these rooms are available for just one person. It means that male and female passengers are expected to have rest in separate rooms. There are 18 rooms for men while only 10 rooms for women are available. You can fulfill your daily needs such as sleeping, relaxing or taking a shower in these rooms. You can even watch TV and you will have an internet connection.

Last but not least, with its different alternatives, Sabiha Gokcen Airport is a big place. Either coming or going, Sabiha Gokcen Airport is a path that you will eventually come across If you are planning to visit Istanbul. Thankfully, it is a huge airport for many visitors and it has a huge amount of facilities inside. From the origin of its name to its wide variety of airline alternatives, Sabiha Gokcen Airport is waiting for you If Istanbul is your next stop!

A Closer Look at Istanbul’s People

With their lifestyle, eating and drinking habits, their jobs, social life, religions and, their physical appearance, everything about Istanbul’s people has importance for Istanbul. Although it seems like Istanbul doesn’t need anything to be one of the most popular places worldwide yet, it’s still impossible to take Istanbul and Istanbul’s people separately. They’re an inseparable whole that makes something great and unique. What makes great cities more valuable is the local people that live there. Without a society, the world is nothing but a wasteland.

Moreover, Istanbul is a megacity that is famous for its long historical background. The Byzantine Empire, the Ottoman Empire and currently the Turkish Republic as a country are the most important civilizations that contribute to the history of Istanbul. However, local people contribute to a city more than the empires themselves. Here is how local Istanbul’s people shape the current situation of Istanbul.

Where Are the Istanbul People Coming From?

Istanbul, with its 15.52 million population, serves as a home to people from different cities, countries, and nationalities. As being a big city, there is a huge demand for Istanbul. Every year, many people from different cities and countries migrate to Istanbul. The basic reason behind thİS migration is generally either working or studying. All the immigrants seem to be mesmerized by its natural beauty and the opportunities that this big, old, great city offers. So, If you wonder how many people from different cities of Turkey you might come across during a visit to Istanbul, here are the numbers and cities in Turkey that form the population of Istanbul:

  1. People from Burdur that form the population of Istanbul: 5.730 
  2. People that come from Hakkari that form the population of Istanbul: 9.174 
  3. People from Yalova that form the population of Istanbul: 10.203
  4. People from Karaman that form the population of Istanbul: 11.412
  5. People from Mugla that form the population of Istanbul: 13.016
  6. People from Denizli that form the population of Istanbul: 23.136
  7. People from Isparta that form the population of Istanbul: 30.077
  8. People from Antalya that form the population of Istanbul: 31.666
  9. People from Duzce that form the population of Istanbul: 32.680
  10. People from Canakkale that form the population of Istanbul: 41.354

What Nationality Are Istanbul People?

You must have heard that Istanbul is always called as a metropolitan city. One of the reasons that make it metropolitan is its population from different nationalities as well as different cities in Turkey. This means that not only Turkish people but also foreign people shape the population of Istanbul. It is known that 199.260 people of Istanbul’s population are formed by foreign people. These 199.260 people include 75 different nationalities. If you wonder those nationalities, they’re listed below:

  1. German: German people are on the top of the list with 16.494 German population that lives and works in Istanbul. It is recorded that German people are mostly located in the Fenerbahce neighborhood. 
  2. British: European dwellers in Istanbul mostly prefer the European Side to live. British people are commonly located in the Moda neighborhood in Istanbul. 
  3. American, Italian, French, Spanish, and Swiss: Beyoglu neighborhood is a favorite place to live for Italian, French, Spanish and Swiss people in Istanbul. It is recorded that the population of these nationalities are common in Beyoglu. 
  4. Syrian: As a result of the devastating civil war in Syria, the Syrian population in Istanbul has increased recently. According to recorded data, there are almost 400 thousand Syrian in Istanbul. They are generally located in Okmeydani, Suleymaniye, Zeytinburnu, Bagcilar.
  5. Africans: African people generally prefer Okmeydani, Dolapdere, and Aksaray to live and work in Istanbul. 
  6. Central Asian: Uzbek, Georgian and Mongolian people have generally lived near Caglayan and Okmeydani neighborhood because textile factories are located in these neighborhoods. Uzbek, Georgian and Mongolian populations in Istanbul are 10.279, 7.978, and 5.768 respectively. 
  7. Iraqi: 9.307 Iraqi people live in Istanbul.
  8. Ukrainian: 7.724 Ukrainian people live in Istanbul. 
  9. Azerbaijani: 19.875 Azerbaijani people live in Istanbul.
  10. People of Kenya: The lowest rate belongs to the people of Kenya. It’s known that only 148 of them live in Istanbul.

What Are the Ethnic Minorities in Istanbul?

Kurdish people with more than 3 million population consists of the most important ethnic minorities in Istanbul. These people originate from the southern and eastern parts of Turkey. The largest Kurdish population of Turkey is also located in Istanbul. 

Secondly, in the 1950s there was a significant amount of Jewish people in Istanbul. Their number was up to 100.000 but recently, they are not more than 18.000. It is recorded that they mostly locate in Izmir. 

Moreover, there is a group of Assyrians people in Istanbul. Their number is up to 17.000. They mostly live in the Sulukule neighborhood which is known as the oldest place that once belonged to the Roman Empire.

What Do You Call a Person From Istanbul?

Although there is not a specific name for people that live in Istanbul, you can hear them being called Istanbulite, Istanbul local people, Istanbul residents or Istanbul natives. If you want even a simpler one, you can freely say Istanbul’s people.

What Religion Are People From Istanbul?

As a result of the majority of Turkish people located in Istanbul, the dominant religion is Islam in Istanbul. According to a survey, most of the Turkish people in Istanbul noted that they’re Muslims. This consists of 98% of the Istanbul population. Thanks to this majority, there are many different and worldwide famous mosques in Istanbul. They originally come from Byzantium or Ottoman Empire times. While some of them are open to worship, some others are not. We can list the main ones as:

  1. Blue Mosque (located in Sultanahmet Square, Fatih)
  2. Suleymaniye Mosque (located in Fatih)
  3. Hagia Sophia Mosque  (located in Fatih)
  4. New Mosque (located in Fatih)
  5. Fatih Mosque (located in Fatih)
  6. Mihrimah Sultan Mosque (located in Uskudar)

Although Istanbul is dominated by Islam thanks to the majority of Muslim people, the presence of different nationalities brings along different beliefs. Christianity, Jewish, Buddhism, Hinduism are among the minor religions in Istanbul.

Is There Freedom to Worship in Istanbul?

Not only in Istanbul but also in Turkey, everyone, regardless of their religion, is free to worship. As well as many mosques, there are also different places to worship such as churches for Christians and synagogues for Jews. This enables Istanbul people to worship freely any day or at any time. Toleration for different ideas and beliefs is what makes Istanbul popular and capital of civilization. During your trip to Istanbul, If you want to visit the religious places or to worship, here are some famous churches and synagogues in Istanbul:

Famous Churches:

  1. St. Antoine Church: If you want to visit this famous church, you can take the metro and get off at Yenikapi Station. It is located in Beyoglu.
  2. Union Church of Istanbul: This glamorous, old church is located in Istiklal Street, Beyoglu. 
  3. Saint Stephen Bulgarian Church: Located in Fatih.
  4. Rivers Church: Located in Sisli neighborhood.
  5. Assyrian Church: Located in Fatih.
  6. Roman Catholic Church Santa Maria Draperies: Located in Beyoglu.

Famous Synagogues:

  1. Neve Shalom Synagogue: Located in Beyoglu
  2. Italian Synagogue: Located in Beyoglu
  3. Ashkenazi Synagogue of Istanbul: Located in Beyoglu
  4. Yanbol Synagogue

What Are Istanbul People Like?

Istanbul is a multicultural city. As we talked about the population above, you can guess that many different cultures and practices you may see in Istanbul. However, as it is dominated by Turkish people, mostly it’s inevitable to witness Turkish culture and behaviors in society. For that reason, when you’re on a trip to Istanbul, you need to know more about Turkish people and their lifestyles. It’s always better to figure this out by living among Turkish people but if you want to be prepared beforehand, everything you need to know Turkish people is just a paragraph away!

What Do Turkish People Look Like?

In Istanbul, you can’t see just one type as it has a mixed population. However, in general:

  1. you can see black or dark-colored hair more commonly than blonde hair in Istanbul people. It’s not very common to see a Turkish person with blonde hair and green or blue eyes, however, it’s not impossible. 
  2. On the other hand, you can see lots of people with pale skin and dark-colored hair.
  3. Turkish people generally have straight and sparse hair.
  4. Turkish people are not known for being tall. On the contrary, they’re generally short or medium height.
  5. The average height for men can change from 5’5” to 5’11”. 
  6. The average height for women is between 4’11” and 5’7”. 
  7. Their eyes are not too close to each other.
  8. Their lips are neither too thick nor thin.

What Are the Characteristic Features of Istanbul People?

Again, dominated by Turkish people, Istanbul is under the influence of Turkish culture. For that reason, the family and social structure are shaped according to the customs of Turkish people in Istanbul. And Turkish people are known as:

  1. The most characteristic feature of the Turkish people is their hospitality. If you ever visit a Turkish family in Istanbul, they will always have a warm welcome. Even if they don’t know anything about you or you just meet a few minutes ago, they will not hesitate to do their best to make you feel like you’re at home. Therefore, feel free to make Turkish friends and start friendships that might last lifelong. 
  2. Turkish people always show generosity. If you’re a guest in their house or when they help you take a trip around Istanbul, don’t feel surprised if they offer you to pay the food, transportation or any other things. Especially when you’re staying in a Turkish family’s house, you might eat the best food that you’ve ever eaten. They will welcome you with delicious foods from Turkish cuisine and insist you on eating more and more. 
  3. Turkish people are always associated with being hardworking. Since the Ottoman Empire, Turkish people have always known as a society that loves to work hard. Without giving up, you can see that they try everything and do whatever they want. 
  4. Turkish people are intelligent. They often take logical decisions in their life and follow the course of science. Even in one of his speeches, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, founder of the Turkish Republic, describes Turkish people with these words: “Turkish people are intelligent, Turkish People are hardworking!”. 
  5. Turkish people pay great importance to be clean. In their houses or in the places that they are surrounded by, you can see that they always tend to keep it clean. Don’t feel surprised If you’re studying in a Turkish house and wake up to the sound of a vacuum cleaner in the morning. 
  6. It’s important for Turkish people to be private. They don’t like to show their personal or family life in public. They often have an ideology based on the idea that what happens inside of the family, stays in the family. This means that they don’t share the things that happen inside of the family with others. 
  7. Turkish people love to show respect to the elderly. Elderly people have such a huge impact in a Turkish family. All the youngers show respect to them and ask their opinion first when they intend to do something. Moreover, at a gathering, drinks and foods are always served to the elderly first which is a way to show respect to them.
  8. Family life is important for the Turkish people. They keep it above all else. They always try to protect their family members no matter what. 
  9. They are friendly people. If you get lost in Istanbul, don’t hesitate to stop and ask someone the direction. They are always ready to help foreign people as much as they can. 
  10. They like to touch and hug. As being friendly people, it is very common for Turkish people to touch and hug the people even when they just meet. It might sound strange to you because it sometimes causes lesser personal space but it won’t be too often to disturb you. 

What’s Regarded as Rude for Istanbul People?

Just like in other cultures, there are some things that are regarded as rude in Turkish culture too. If you visit Istanbul, try to avoid these behaviors:

  1. Pointing at someone. This is actually a behavior that is accepted as rude worldwide and it is rude in Turkish culture as well. While walking down a street in Istanbul, at a restaurant or at a meeting, try to avoid showing someone with your finger. 
  2. Walking into a house with your shoes. As we mentioned above, Turkish people are very fond of cleaning. They regard the house as a sacred place and it’s important for them to keep it clean. So, it will be regarded as rude If you don’t take off your shoes before walking into a house.
  3. Not having eye contact. While having a conversation with a Turkish person, try to make eye contact as much as you can. They often find it rude when you don’t look them in the eye. Sometimes the absence of eye contact might even lead them to a thought that you don’t listen to them carefully.
  4. Crossing legs while sitting with elderly people. As it is mentioned before, elderly people are really important for Turkish people. As a show of respect, they don’t cross their legs while sitting in front of elderly people. When someone does it, they will probably find it rude.
  5. Whispering from ear to ear in a community. While coming together with a group of people, it is rude for Turkish people to have a conversation silently. 

What Are the Common Gestures of the Turkish People?

To show their likes or dislikes, using their gestures is a very common way to express their opinions and emotions for people. All around the world, these gestures might show some changes. There are also some specific gestures that Turkish people often show to convey their emotions. They can be listed as:   

  1. A worldwide common gesture is also used by Turkish people: Nodding head. This common gesture which includes moving your head up and down means yes for Turkish people too. Therefore, it means that they’re accepting something when they nod their head. 
  2. Shaking your head. It is also another common gesture that has the same meaning for people from different cultures. For Turkish people, it is common and has the same meaning too. Just shake your head from left to right to say no silently.
  3. Putting your fingers together and making a circle, then shaking your hand up and down means that you like the food for Turkish people. This is also followed by a sound to show their appreciation. 
  4. Turkish people sometimes put their hands on their left breast to show that they decline something. For instance, when you offer food for them to eat, If they don’t want to it, they sometimes put their hands to their breast to say “No, thank you.”

How Is the Social Life of Istanbul People?

Living in an overcrowded city brings along some difficulties. The first of them is transportation and traffic jams. This shapes social life without a doubt. You can always hear Istanbul people complain about traffic and huge crowds. Especially in the rush hours, going to work or school can sometimes become torture. Rush hours for Istanbul generally change from 8 am to 10 am and 5 pm to 7 pm. In this period of time, it’s almost impossible to find available public transportation as it is highly crowded. All the buses, minibusses, taxis and subways are full. 

If you prefer to ride a subway, traffic jams are not a problem for you. However, for those who take a bus, metro bus, taxi or their own private car, traffic jam is a nightmare in Istanbul. You might get stuck in the traffic for hours so don’t forget to leave your place earlier than you should in order to arrive at your destination on time If you need to go out during rush hours. 

On the positive side, Istanbul is one of the best places in the world that you can have fun at night. There are many different options for both local Istanbul people and for tourists. For that reason, the social life of local Istanbul people is mostly shaped by cultural or social activities. These activities mainly include the followings: 

  1. Visiting art galleries or museums.
  2. Going to concerts. (Every year, worldwide famous singers have concerts in Istanbul)
  3. Going to the cinema and theatre. (Istanbul National Theatre offers a variety of famous plays for Istanbul people to see. You can find the schedules and the information about the plays here: )
  4. Spending time at the national parks. Especially when it’s spring or summertime, there are many natural parks in Istanbul. Most of Istanbul people spend their evenings or day-offs at these parks. These famous parks include Gulhane Park, Taksim Gezi Park or Moda Park. 
  5. Spending time at cafes and bars. Istanbul people like to meet their friends after work in the evening. To grab a coffee or drink a beer, they prefer cafes or bars in Istanbul. Beyoglu and Taksim Square are really famous for these kinds of places. 

If you want to spend an enjoyable day in Istanbul, you can choose one or more daily activities that Istanbul people commonly do.

What Do The Istanbul People Eat?

Turkish cuisine has a rich variety and widely accepted food worldwide. Istanbul people commonly eat from Turkish cuisine. Kebab, manti, rice, and different homemade foods are widely preferred by Istanbul people. Istanbul people like to eat meat. Even homemade foods with vegetables include meat.  If you’re a vegan or vegetarian, don’t be afraid. There are good places that offer vegan or vegetarian food for vegan people to eat. On the other hand, the eating habits of Istanbul people mostly include spicy and hot food. These might not sound healthy but since the Ottoman Empire, Turkish people haven’t changed their eating habits and it seems like they enjoy it. 

Moreover, some famous foods associated with Istanbul are:

  1. Sultanahmet Meatballs
  2. Beykoz Kebab
  3. Istanbul Rice
  4. Lakerda (fish)

On the other hand, it’s very seldom for Turkish people to eat pork. According to their belief, it’s a sin to eat pork. For that reason, you can rarely come across foods with pork in them in Istanbul. 

What Do Istanbul People Drink?

Turkish people are known for their love for eating and drinking. Eating and drinking have a big and important part of their lives. They even shape their daily life with eating and drinking. You can always witness friendly BBQ meetings, especially at weekends. Most of the time, they come together to eat, drink and chat

Do Istanbul People Drink Alcohol?

During their meetings, they prefer both alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks. Although it’s regarded as a sin to drink alcohol in their belief just like eating pork, Turkish people are not too strict to drink alcohol than to eat pork. Popular non-alcoholic drinks are: 

  1. Ayran (It is made by a mixture of yogurt and water. You can add some ice and salt too.)
  2. Salgam (Commonly famous in Adana but Turkish people generally like to drink it especially when they eat kebab. It has a sour taste and it is red and it looks like cherry juice or red wine.) 
  3. Lemonade
  4. Turkish Coffee. (Turkish people like to drink Turkish Coffee and with coffee grounds, they’re even fortune-telling by making comments on the shapes in the cup.)
  5. Boza

What Is the National Drink of Istanbul People?

An alcoholic drink called raki is accepted as the national drink of Turkish People. Raki is often being likened with a Greek drink, Ouzo. Raki is an indispensable drink for Turkish people. They sometimes call it “Aslan sutu” in daily language. It basically means the lion’s milk. They refer to an animal with great courage, lion and they refer raki as the drink that a glorious animal like a lion drinks by using this term. They indicate that they are strong and courageous people. 

When they are drinking raki, they like to eat watermelon and cheese with it. And they call it “cilingir sofrasi”. It basically means that a dining table with good food for raki on it. If you ever want to give the raki a try in Istanbul, besides having a main dish, you will be served with watermelon and cheese. 

What Do Istanbul People Wear?

Although loose pants named salvar (shalwar) is the traditional cloth of Turkish people, it is not common to wear it in daily life. Just like other people, Istanbul people wear casual clothes such as jeans, skirts, shirts, t-shirts, dresses in their daily life. 

Do I Have to Wear a Headscarf in Istanbul?

It’s not legally a must to wear a headscarf in Istanbul. Therefore, it’s up to your free will to wear it or not just like local Istanbul people unless you visit a religious place like a mosque. Other than that, everybody is free to wear whatever they want in Turkey. 

To sum up, Istanbul people are often associated with Turkish culture and often show the characteristics of Turkish culture. Istanbul is a big, modern city with its mixed population and the drinks, foods, clothing style and daily life. If you get any chance, don’t miss it to experience this culture in Istanbul. 

What’s There To Do In Istanbul?

Istanbul is a great city that offers many things to do for its visitors. It is an ancient city that has been the capital to 3 major empires that spans over two continents, at the gate of one of the most important water gates of the world. It offers many historic and natural wonders to see and experience. Istanbul is a sort of “mosaic” in activities to do. It is one of the most prominent cultural centers in the world. There are many concerts, expos, sports activities and fairs that you can enjoy in this city.

Must-See Places

Istanbul has nearly an infinite span of places and curiosities for the avid explorer, but some of the places to see are a must because they are so complexly beautiful that they each have some part of them that can attract anybody. Here are the most important places that no visitor should miss:

  • Istanbul Strait
  • Galata Tower
  • Sultanahmet Square
  • Topkapi Palace
  • Belgrade Forest
  • Golden Horn (also known as the “Ancient City”
  • Maiden’s Tower (Kizkulesi)
  • Prince’s Islands
  • Rumelian and Anatolian Fortresses
  • Grand Bazaar
  • Fener Greek Patriarchate
  • Various Mosques ( primarily Suleymaniye, Ortakoy, Eyupsultan…)
  • Various Palaces and Manors ( Dolmabahce, Yildiz…)
  • Basilica Cistern (Yerebatan Sarnici)
  • Various Museums (Hagia Irini, Cinili Kosk…)

These places are only a fraction of what to see and do in Istanbul, and most of the places in this list are historical places. Let me go over some of them in order to offer you some insight into whether you could be interested in visiting.

The Strait of Istanbul is a body of water running between two seas (the Marmara Sea and the Blacksea) separating Europe from Asia. It offers one of the most unique and magnificent views in the world in a city that is established on the two coasts of these two continents across and that has been one of the most important water “gates” of the world. Because of this strategically important placement, the city has been coveted by many civilizations over the course of history. This resulted in the city having many artifacts and historical attractions remaining from the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, and the Ottoman Empire periods. You can take ferry tours in order to see this beautiful part of the world in a general and timely manner. In order to get a better idea of what you can see and how you can participate in these tours you can see my other post here:

The Galata Tower offers one of the best views of Istanbul and it’s straight. You can take the most amazing pictures of the city if you climb to the top floor. Galata Tower is the historical tower in the Galata district in Istanbul. The tower was built by Genoese who settled in Galata in the 14th century, in 1348, in addition to the walls of the Galata, in order to protect their territory against foreign invaders. It is the main tower of the Galata fortification walls. It was used as a prison for prisoners who worked in the Kasimpasa shipyard in the 16th century and later was transformed into the warehouse of the shipyard. Today it continues to serve Istanbulites (the name given to the inhabitants of the city), and visitors in another way; it serves as a restaurant from where you can enjoy a nice breakfast or dinner for looking at the city’s beautiful view during the day or its lights during the evenings and nights. You can reach further information through the website of the tower here:

Sultanahmet Square is an absolute must to see when you visit Istanbul. The square is between two of the most iconic buildings in the world; Sultanhamet ( Blue ) Mosque and Hagia Sophia Museum (previously mosque and church). The square has been a hippodrome during the Byzantine Empire on the edges of the Imperial Palace. It has many other historical artifacts that are overwhelmed by the two colossal historical landmarks. Here’s a list of what you can see while you are on the square:

  • Sultanahmet ( Blue ) Mosque
  • Hagia Sophia Museum
  • The Obelisk of Theodosius
  • Serpent Column
  • Constantine Obelisk
  • German Fountain

I have not mentioned some of the artifacts on and around the square, a number of the non-listed artifacts we will talk about but there are simply too many parts to this square to mention all of them under one single heading. In order to get the preview of the square before visiting it, you can look at this link:

Topkapi Palace Museum; after Fatih Sultan Mehmed conquered Istanbul in 1453, the palace started to be built in 1460 and was completed in 1478. It was built on an area of 7.500.000 square feet on the Eastern Roman acropolis in Sarayburnu, at the tip of the historical Istanbul peninsula between the Marmara Sea, the Bosphorus, and the Golden Horn. It has been used as the administration, education and art center of the empire for approximately four hundred years from the Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror to the 31st sultan, Sultan Abdulmecid, and was also the sultan’s residence.

After the founding of the Republic of Turkey on April 23rd, it became a museum in 1924 and is the first museum of the Republic. Topkapi Palace Museum currently covers an area of about 3.200.000 square feet. The walls that separated the palace from the city are; by land Sur-i Sultani (Sultan’s Wall), commissioned to be built by Mehmet II separated the palace from the city by land, and the East Roman walls separated the Palace by the sea. The palace is one of the largest palace-museums of the world with its architectural structures, collections, and nearly 300,000 archived documents. You can find more on the website of the place:

Belgrad Forest is a great escape point for both Istanbulites and those coming from outside the city. Access to this place, which has a wonderful nature, is quite easy. Many people have a very pleasant time here. Belgrad Forest is located at the eastern end of the Catalca Peninsula. Located on the European Side, this place is located towards the north of the city near the Black Sea and the east of the Bosphorus. Spread over an area of 12.500 acres, the highest point of the Belgrad Forest is 800 feet. Dozens of tree species such as chestnuts, beech, hornbeam, and oak can be found here. This forest, which is used as a promenade nowadays, contains historical water dams which are to meet the water needs of the ancient city. These were built in; the two Sultan Mahmut Dams (1839), Valide Dam (1796) and Topuzlu Dam (1750).

The Golden Horn shores are one of the popular tourist areas of the historical peninsula, they are among the must-see places in your Istanbul trip. The Golden Horn, which has a long and narrow and also horn-shaped geographical structure, separates the European side of Istanbul. Since it is one of the most natural ports in the world, Byzantine and Ottoman navies and those that worked in commercial shipping have been gathered around the Golden Horn region for centuries. The Golden Horn shores, where the water is golden at sunset, are surrounded by beautiful parks and walking paths. There are wooden houses, churches, and streets filled with synagogues from the Byzantine and Ottoman periods in Fener and Balat districts on the central bank of the Golden Horn. At the same time, the Orthodox Patriarchate is here.

One of the indispensable places to see the Bosphorus view is undoubtedly the Maiden’s Tower. The tower, built on a tiny island just off Salacak, has been the subject of many legends. One of them and the best known is the Leandros legend. The Maiden’s Tower, which dates back to 24 BC, has been used as a defense fortress, exile station, prison, quarantine room, radio station, tax point and lighthouse throughout its long history. The tower, which is the symbol of Uskudar, was restored in 2000 by a private company and opened to service as a cafe and restaurant. The Maiden Tower is accessible by boat from Uskudar Salacak and Kabatas. There is a ring service every day between 09.00-18.45 from Uskudar Salacak pier. On weekends ring services are available from Kabatas between 09.00-18.45. You can get more information on the historic tower at the official website:

The beauties of Buyukada, which is the most visited and the biggest one among the Prince’s Islands in Istanbul, welcome you warmly from the pier. If you are wondering about the historical buildings of the island rather than its nature, it is enough to take a short trip on the main streets. Hagia Yorgi Church is the most visited and one of the most beautiful places in Buyukada. While going to this church, which is located on a very steep hill and difficult to reach, the scenery of the island is getting more and more beautiful. Buyukada and love are inseparable. The lovers, who escaped from the crowd of the city and came to climb the hill, which also took the name of Lover’s Hill, are among the most common sights of the island. You can spend the last hours of your day at Buyukada in Dilburun, where the sunset is one of the best views on the island, and you can take in the beautiful view that is Istanbul, which is illuminated by city lights, in one of the most peaceful spots in the world. Here are the websites of the Island’s District’s municipality and governorate for more information:
(You may have to use a translating tool in order to better understand the sites )

Rumelian Fortress was commissioned to be built by Sultan Mehmet II in 1452 as the first step of the conquest of Istanbul. The fortress built at the narrowest point of the Bosphorus established the control of the Byzantine main supplies road. Just across the shore is the Anatolian Fortress built by Beyazıt I. in the 14th century. The Rumelian Fortress, which lost its importance as a military base after the conquest of Istanbul, was used as a prison where foreign ambassadors and prisoners of war were held more frequently. Today it hosts events such as the International Istanbul Music and Dance Festival. The open-air theater in the fort was restored in 1953.

How to reach Rumelian Fortress; By bus: If you are on the Anatolian side to go to Rumelian Fortress you must first go to Besiktas. You can use the ferries and sea buses that travel from Kadikoy and Uskudar to pass to Besiktas. After reaching Besiktas, you can reach the Rumelian Fortress stop by using the buses numbered 22 İstinye-Kabatas, 22RE Fatih Sultan Mehmet-Besiktas, 25E Sariyer-Kabatas, 40 Rumelifeneri-Taksim, 40T Istinye-Taksim, 42T Bahcekoy-Taksim.

Anatolian Fortress, is located in the Anadoluhisari district of Istanbul.
The fortress, also known as Guzelce Fortress, is located where Goksu Creek flows into the Bosphorus. The fortress covers an area of 75.000 square feet. The huge tower complex that is the fortress, started to be built in 1393 with the instructions of Yildirim Beyazit and was completed in 1395. Anatolian Fortress and Rumelian Fortress are located mutually at a distance of 1800 feet where the Bosphorus is the narrowest. Anatolian Fortress, which has an important place throughout history, is the destination to thousands of local and foreign tourists as a historical visiting point. Covering a smaller area compared to Rumelian Fortress, the fortress can contribute to creating a longer visiting route as it is close to Goksu River. If you want to have a nice day full of history and culture, you can reserve a day to visit Anatolian Fortress and its surroundings.

There are restaurants inside and around the fortresses where you can enjoy a nice meal in those historic parts of the city. You have different alternatives to go to the Anatolian Fortress;
By bus: 11H Ortaçeşme-Umraniye, 15 Beykoz-Uskudar, 15F Beykoz-Kadıkoy, 15KC Cavusbasi-Uskudar, 15P Sogsu Mahallesi-Uskudar, 15T Tokatkoy-Uskudar bus lines can get you to the fortress.
By ferry: You can reach the fortress by getting on Cengelkoy-Istinye ferry lines and by getting off at Anadolu Hisari pier.

To reach further information (prices and visiting hours) about the fortresses you can access the website of the Fortresses Museum Administration through here:

The Grand Bazaar is the oldest and largest indoor bazaar in the world, located at the heart of Istanbul. The Grand Bazaar, with its 60 alleys, more than three thousand shops, is a unique center in Istanbul that must be seen. It is like a giant maze, which resembles a city within the city and is covered in its entirety. It has developed and grown over time. The surrounding of two old buildings with thick walls dating from the 15th century covered with a series of domes has become a shopping center in the following centuries by covering the developing streets and making additions. You can shop for almost anything Turkish made here; Turkish delights, prayer rugs, handmade copperwork, all kinds of spices (although there’s a special bazaar for spices especially: The Egyptian Bazaar), jewelers, etc. If one day you decide to visit this great city, spare half a day to shop and visit this bazaar and drink some Turkish coffee from the coffee shops inside, you are sure to make the most beautiful photos here.

As you can see from what all I wrote above, Istanbul’s history alone would be enough to fill a week’s trip there to the brim. Of course, those places that I mentioned are not only the historical places of the city or the places that I mentioned aren’t all historical (Belgrad Forest) but in a city as ancient as Istanbul, you would be hard-pressed to find something that hasn’t rooted in history.

Night-life in Istanbul

Istanbul is the cultural capital of Turkey, a city of events. Istanbul can surprise you with its colorful and rich nightlife. If you want, you can have fun by going to classical entertainment venues or full-on festivals, concerts, and theatrical plays. Check out the programs and get tickets depending on the date you will stay in Istanbul and get involved in this colorful night-life. Amazing shows are performed in many venues at night in this city. UNIQ Hall Lounge, Volkswagen Arena, Salon IKSV, Babylon, Kucukciftlik Park, Ghetto, Jolly Joker Istanbul, Santral Istanbul, Garaj Istanbul, Turkcell Kurucesme Arena, Parkorman, Is Sanat Culture Center and Akbank Art Culture Center are the main places where these events are held.

You can go to the Istanbul Jazz Festival, which takes place between October – November at Is Sanat and Akbank Sanat. Many concerts and theatrical performances are held at these art centers throughout the year. Istanbul’s open-air concert centers host thousands of people, but they host many other events also. Kucukciftlik Park with a capacity of 17 thousand people, Harbiye Cemil Topuzlu Open Air Stage, which hosted many famous artists from Leonard Cohen to Gloria Gaynor, Turkcell Kurucesme Arena with its unique Bosphorus view are just some of the nightlife entertainment venues.

If you decide to plan your trip in winter, Zorlu PSM, Babylon, Ghetto, If Performance Hall, The Hall, Santralistanbul and Volkswagen Arena will be the best venues for you. Musicals, theaters, concerts and numerous parties are organized in these show venues. You can be informed about the concert programs by following the internet and social media. To buy your tickets, choose Biletix or the show center booths. You can reach the ticketing website here:

Bars and Clubs

If your nightlife understanding consists of going to bars and night clubs, I can recommend Besiktas, Kadıkoy and Taksim venues for you. Popular places in recent years have been gathered especially in Kadıkoy. Therefore, let’s start with the entertainment centers of Kadıkoy. DOROCK XL is one of the preferred venues because it has the largest indoor live concert venue. It has a space to sit and eat, drink and chat, and the opportunity to listen to a concert every night. You can find plenty of craft beer selections that became famous recently. One of the most beautiful places is “Ayi” This place is between Kadikoy and Moda. If you like 90s concept things, “Eskici” is a very popular place that will make you love their music. These spaces, which are always full, invite you to have fun all night long. Apart from these places, we can list many places such as Karga, Zeplin, Arkaoda, Komodo and Monks that make Kadikoy the fun center of this kind.

You can start the night early in Besiktas. There are countless chocolatiers, third-generation coffee shops, and nice cafes. Many places such as Okkali Kahve, Happiness Point, Mendel’s Cafe, Cafe CakeHouse, Poets Coffee, Cefa de Cuba are the places I can recommend for you to have some snacks. Limoncello, Frame, Coco Bongo Night Club, Le Fumoir, Sponge Bar and Beer Point are some suggestions for the rest of the night.

Even though Taksim’s nightlife is not what it used to be, many places can still be incredibly entertaining. 45 ‘, Coop, Dorock Bar, Jolly Joker, The Bite, Eskici Live, Hard Rock, Dream Coffee, Indigo and In Roxy Taksim, are bustling places where the heart of entertainment beats.

Is the nightlife in Istanbul limited to bars, cafes, and concerts?
Definitely not. There are many activities in almost every district of the city. In the spring, these events become widespread and bring the city together. For example, Turkey’s first-night picnics “Urban Picnic” takes place in Istanbul Maslak Uniqa. There are also Moonlight Ferry Tours which you can enjoy with dinner. Everything is possible for entertainment in this city.

Nature Activities

Istanbul also offers the possibility to take long nature walks and go trekking in its unique nature offered by being surrounded by sea on two continents. Some of the parkour to enjoy are located in :

  • Avcikoru Nature Park ( Sile – Cekmekoy )
  • Ayvatbendi Nature Park ( Eyup )
  • Bendler Nature Park ( Sariyer )
  • Buyukada Nature Park ( Prince’s Islands )
  • Clingoz Nature Park ( Catalca )
  • Degirmenburnu Nature Park ( Prince’s Islands )

You can enjoy these places for their natural beauty and fresh air. You can relax and profit from the uniqueness of these parks and forests. There are also bird watching points in some of them. You can get further information and get to know about more of these natural wonders in the official website of the nature parks administration here:

In order to summarize; Istanbul is a city with different options to enjoy your stay there so plan ahead and decide on what you want to focus, history, nature, culture. You are sure to get whichever you wish in this awesome city.

Take out a Paper and Pen: Your Visa Guide to Istanbul

There are so many places that worth seeing in the world, yet there is so little time to travel and see all of them. However, if you have a “Where to Visit Before I Die” list, Istanbul is good enough to take a place in the top 3 without a doubt. As it is far away and out of your country, it might seem to you as a far-fetched dream to travel to Turkey and visit Istanbul but never say never! All you need to do is to make a good research about the requirements to travel to Istanbul and complete the legal procedures. It seems like you’re in the right place to make research to know everything about traveling to Istanbul so keep scrolling down for more!

What To Do When You Want to Visit Istanbul?

Just like many other countries, Turkey has some regulations for foreign visitors. Before setting out, you need to carry out some legal procedures. These procedures can be listed in two different categories. They are the things that you can do before and after coming to Turkey.

Things to Do Before Coming to Turkey

Do the U.S. Citizens Need a Visa to Visit Istanbul?

The first and the most important procedure that you need to complete is to get a visa. It’s officially known that both ordinary and diplomatic passport owners need a visa to travel to Turkey. 

What Is an Ordinary Passport?

Ordinary passports are mainly used by ordinary citizens of a country. Simply, if you’re an ordinary citizen without a diplomatic duty, you need an ordinary passport to travel internationally. This passport is nothing but a small book however it is more than a normal book in terms of its importance thinking that it is your international ID. You can use your ordinary passport for occasions like a business trip, vacation or education. You can recognize an ordinary passport from its color. The official color given to an ordinary passport is dark blue. This passport consists of 36 pages at least and 60 pages at most. It is named as P passport because it’s for personal use and the letter P represents the word personal

 What Is a Diplomatic Passport?

Diplomatic passports serve for the use of diplomats or government officers. It can only be used for official travels that require official duties in another country. Simply, it cannot be used for personal travels or vacations. The cover color of a diplomatic passport is black. As it is used for diplomatic purposes, it is categorized as a D type passport. It is no surprise that D stands for diplomacy.

How to Get a Visa?

Carrying out legal procures is not always easy-peasy. But here are some tips for you to make them easier: 

  1. If your plans include a journey that will last more than 3 months, then you need to visit the Turkish embassy or the Turkish consulate located in the U.S. personally. Sometimes there can be too many people that apply for a visa and this causes delays. Due to delays in visa procedures, it is highly advised to apply for a visa at least one month before your flight date in order to prevent yourself from any inconvenience.
  2. To get a visa, you need to make a payment to Turkish embassies for sure. However, it should not be forgotten that your application for the visa can be turned down by the Turkish government. In that case, the money that you pay for the application is not paid back. 
  3. All visa applicants who aim to visit Turkey are in need to have health insurance that covers the duration of your visit to Turkey. In case of any health problems that you might face during your journey, the insurance company will provide your needs. 
  4. You need to keep it in mind that the duration of all the applicants’ journey cannot last longer than 90 days in 6 months. In simpler words, it is not permitted to stay more than 90 days and you will need to renew your visa every 6 months. 
  5. If you want to stay longer, you need to extend your duration by applying for “short term residence”. You can carry out this procedure in the Directorate of Immigration. 
  6. If you’re under 18, you need to be accompanied by your parents which means you need your parents’ permission to travel internationally.    

Where Can I Apply for a Visa to Travel to Istanbul?

If e-visa is not an option for you, you need to visit a Turkish embassy or consulate located in the United States of America. This means that you need to get your papers ready and hand them out personally. Here is the required information for you. You can choose the nearest one to the place that you live in.

1- For Those Who Live in the Capital City: The Turkish Embassy in Washington, DC

 Address Information: 
2525 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W
D.C. 20008 Washington/United States

Ambassador: Serdar Kilic
Working Hours: You can visit and apply for a visa from 09:30 pm to 1 pm.

How to Contact? 
It’d be better to ask your questions through email as you can’t always find someone authorized to get in contact through the phone. But still, here is the email address and the phone number that you can reach through: 

Phone numbers:
+1-202-612-6700 – +1-202-612-6701
Email: [email protected]

If you need further information and the latest news you can visit the link below:

2- If You Dwell in New York: Turkish Consulate General in New York

Address information: 
605 3rd Avenue, 30th Floor 10158  New York/United States

Ambassador: Alper Aktas
Working Hours: You can visit and apply for a visa on Monday – Friday from 2 pm to 4 pm.

How to Contact?
Don’t forget that you need to make an appointment to visit the Consulate. If you think that you can find an answer to your questions online, here is the email address: 
Email: [email protected]
For Further Information and the Latest News:

It’s less likely to contact through the phone, but still, it is an option: 
Phone Number: +1 (646) 430-6560

3- If You’re Near Somewhere Los Angeles: Turkish Consulate General in Los Angeles

Address Information:
6300 Wilshire Boulevard., Nu: 2010 90048  Los Angeles, California

Ambassador: Can Oguz
Working hours: You can visit and apply for a visa from 9 am to 12 pm.

How to Contact?
Just like the other Turkish consulates and embassies, the Turkish Consulate General in Los Angeles has phone numbers and email addresses too.
Email: [email protected]
Phone Numbers: +1 323 591 6480  – +1 323 591 6481 

For Further Information and the Latest News:

4- If Huston Is the Best Option for You: Turkish Consulate General in Houston

Address Information: 
1990 Post Oak Boulevard
Suite 1300, Houston, Texas 77056-3813 U.S.A 

Ambassador: Akil Oktem
Working Hours: You can visit and apply for a visa from 9 am to 12 pm.

How to Contact?
Other ways to get in contact with the Consulate are through email and phone:
Email: [email protected]
Phone Numbers: +1 713-622 58 49 – +1 713-622 03 24 

For Further Information and the Latest News:

If you don’t have enough time to visit the embassies or consulates or if you don’t like serious places, there is a great option that suits you. Moreover, don’t forget to make an appointment beforehand and be careful about the working hours and days that are mentioned on the official pages of the Embassies and The Consulate Generals. An electronic system that enables you to apply for a visa online can be taken into consideration.

What Is E-Visa?

You can consider e-visa as a permission paper. This paper enables you to travel to Turkey. What makes it different from the visa that we get from the embassies and consulates-general is that you can get it online without waiting in line or visiting the embassies. For instance, as we all know, embassies and consulates are located in big cities. It means that If you leave in a small town, you will need to travel inside of your country first to go and visit the nearest embassy to you. It might sound a little exhausting so e-visa is a great service for you. 

How Much You Need to Pay for E-Visa?

According to the latest regulations, you need to pay $50 to get an e-visa to Turkey.  In addition to this, you have $1.05 to pay as a service fee.

How Can I Pay the Fee for E-Visa?

There are different options for payment. You can pay it with your credit card or debit card as well. Unfortunately, as it is an online application, you can’t pay it with cash.

How Can I Apply for E-Visa?

Good news: It is just one click away! You can visit the link below and start your application.

On the website, you will see the “Apply” section. By clicking on the section, you will be lead to an application form. In that application form, you will be expected to fill it with your personal information such as country and region that you’re coming from and the type of your passport.

On the next page, you will need to choose your arrival date for Turkey. Then, you will continue with a new form. In this new form, you will fill in the blanks with your ID information. This information includes:

  1. First name
  2. Surname
  3. Date of Birth
  4. Place of Birth
  5. Mother’s Name
  6. Father’s Name
  7. Passport Number
  8. Passport Issue Date 
  9. Passport Expiry Date
  10. Email Address
  11. Phone Number
  12. Address

When you finish the application, on the last page you will see your e-visa link or your e-visa will be sent to you by email. Don’t forget that e-visa is valid just for vacations or business trips. If you need the visa to get an education or work in Turkey, you will need to visit the Turkish Embassies or the Consulate Generals in your country. 

Who Is Eligible for E-Visa?

More than 100 countries worldwide are eligible for e-visa. Some of these countries include Canada, the United Kingdom, Germany, Malta, Mexico, Spain, and the USA.

Do I Need to Enter Turkey on an Exact Date?

The answer to this question is actually no. As your visa is valid for 90 days, you can visit the country on any date that your visa includes. 

Things You Can Do After Coming to Turkey:

As Istanbul is visited by many visitors in a year, everything to make getting a visa easier is done in Turkey. The citizens of the U.S. are one of those visitors who visit Turkey often. As a result of this popular demand, there is a privilege for U.S. citizens. So here are the things you can do after coming to Turkey. 

Can I Get My Visa After Coming to Turkey?

It might surprise you a little bit but yes. You can get your visa after hopping on your plane and arriving in Turkey. If you wonder how to get it, keep reading!

Where Can I Get My Visa After Coming to Turkey?

After getting off your plane in Istanbul, you can get your visa at the airport in Turkey. Both in Atatürk and Istanbul Airports, it is possible to carry out the procedures for a visa. There are special counters to carry out visa applications at the airports in Istanbul. However, don’t forget to make a subscription beforehand. Moreover, you can expect delays If you want to get your visa at the airport due to the excess demand.

What Is Required for an Airport Visa?

The point that you need to be careful about is the validity of your passport. Just like when you get a regular visa, you need a valid passport as well while getting an airport visa. Your passport needs to have at least 6 months of remaining validity to get an airport visa. Moreover, at least 3 blank pages must remain in your passport. And If your journey is planned to last less than 90 days, an airport visa is suitable for you.

If your arrival place is not Istanbul, you might think that you don’t need a visa for Turkey. There is an exception there. If you’re traveling a foreign country that you need to cross over Turkey, you need to have a visa. In simple words, when you’re traveling to another foreign country If your plane stops in Istanbul and If you need to transfer to another plane in Istanbul airport, you will need a visa for Turkey. This visa is different from a regular visa. It is called a “transit visa”.

What is a Transit Visa?

A Transit visa is a type of visa that is valid for a very short period of time. You only need it when you want to land in a foreign country just to transfer to another plane. While some countries don’t take it as a necessary regulation, for some others it’s necessary. Before starting your journey, make sure that you’re ready If the country where you will be transferred to another plane requires a transit visa.

How Much is a Transit Visa?

If your transfer stop is Istanbul, you need to follow the regulations that are standardized by Turkish authority. A transfer visa costs 353 Turkish Liras which equals 54 dollars. (There might be changes according to currency) However, If you need a double transit visa for a round trip, it will cost 708 Turkish liras which equal 108 dollars.

Where to Buy a Transit Visa?

Just like getting a regular visitor visa, you will need to get in contact with Turkish Embassies and apply for a transit visa.

Lastly, do not waste your time if to see and visit Istanbul is on your bucket list. You’ve learned a variety of options to get a visa, how much you need to pay, what you need to do and how to make all these things easier. Now, it’s time to put them into practice. Istanbul is waiting for you!

One of the Oldest University and Library in Istanbul: Istanbul University and Central Library of Istanbul University

Istanbul University has been the train of Turkey’s Higher Education with its 15 resources, 12 organizations, 2 professional schools, 2 Schools, 2 offices, 74 research, and application focuses and 216 understudy clubs. There are more than 300,000 understudies, 3,337 scholastics and 7,067 authoritative staff. The quantity of Istanbul University graduate class is arriving at very nearly 1 million. Istanbul University is the main college in Turkey whose graduate class has been granted two Nobel Prizes. (The Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 2015, Prof. Dr. Aziz Sancar and The Nobel Prize in Literature, 2006, Orhan Pamuk) In this article, you will learn more about this oldest university of Istanbul, Istanbul University and the library of this university. Keep reading!

Istanbul University has 675 confirmation programs; 20 Associate degrees, 124 Bachelor’s degrees, 329 Master’s degrees and 202 Ph.D. degrees. Istanbul University has an extraordinary library assortment comprising of roughly 1.5 million books.

General Information About Istanbul University

The historical backdrop of Istanbul University goes back to the triumph of Istanbul by Sultan Mehmet II the Conqueror in 1453. The Sahn-ı Seman Madrasahs (Conqueror Madrasahs), built up after the logical gatherings in Zeyrek a day after the success, establish the primary ring of this logical excursion. The madrasahs, where philosophical and natural sciences were shown together, became focuses of fascination with the reproduction of Istanbul and the greeting of remote researchers by the Conqueror.

Prospering with the help of the sultans, the madrasahs arrived at capable status as advanced education establishments especially in the sixteenth and seventeenth hundreds of years. They were changed into Darülfünun by Sultan Abdülmecid in 1846. The Darülfünun works completed by Grand Vesir Sait Pasha who attempted to stay up to date with the speed of the Industrial Revolution.

Following the declaration of the Republic, the youthful Republic of Turkey, with an end goal to set up an instructive framework that depends on reason and science, recognized the legitimate character of Darülfünun and acknowledged the logical and managerial autonomy of the organization on October seventh, 1925. After this date, the advanced education framework attempted to address the issues of the new framework as far as scholastics and materials.

The framework for a cutting edge college was set up with the help of outside researchers welcome to the nation. With the 1933 University Reform, directed under the initiative of Atatürk, Istanbul Darülfünun was changed into Istanbul University. Istanbul University began to acknowledge understudies on November eighteenth, 1933, as the “solitary” college of the Republic of Turkey.

The crucial Istanbul University is to deliver significant information to our nation and humankind and to prepare capable people by uniting the east and the west, the past and what’s to come. hasThe vision of Istanbul University is to turn into the main college with its instruction at a worldwide level and its examination forming what’s to come.

History of Istanbul University

It was established as an organization of advanced education named the Darülfünun (دار الفنون) (House of Multiple Sciences) on 23 July 1846, yet the Medrese (Islamic philosophical school) which was established following Mehmed II vanquished Constantinople (Istanbul) in 1453 is viewed as the antecedent to the Darülfünûn which developed into Istanbul University in 1933. Education in various sciences and fields, (for example, medication, arithmetic, stargazing, cartography, topography, history, reasoning, religion, writing, philology, law, and so on.) opened up, and, until the nineteenth century, they were instrumental in instructing the decision units of the Ottoman culture.

Be that as it may, when the medreses were never again ready to address the issues of the advanced world, a rebuilding procedure started, and accordingly, the organizations of advanced education called Darülfünûn, the center of Istanbul University, was built up. An organization of advanced education named the Darülfünûn-u Osmanî (دار الفنون عثماني) (Ottoman House of Sciences) was made in 1863, yet smothered in 1871. Its first minister was Hasan Tahsini, viewed as one of the most significant Ottoman researchers of the nineteenth century. In 1874 the Imperial University (Darülfünûn-u Sultanî) (دار الفنون سلطاني) began classes in law in French, yet was shut in 1881.

The Imperial University, presently known as Darülfünûn-u Şahâne (دار الفنون شهانه) was refounded in 1900, with the divisions of philosophy, expressions, arithmetic, science, and philology. In 1924, the resources of law, medication, expressions, and sciences were built up in Istanbul University (Istanbul Darülfünûnu), as the college was currently called. Islamic religious philosophy was included in 1925, however, in 1933 the college was redesigned without the latter. Primary passage door of Istanbul University on Beyazıt Square, which was known as Forum Tauri (later Forum of Theodosius) in the late Roman time frame. Beyazıt Tower, situated inside the grounds, is found out of sight, to one side of the flagpole.

The main present-day Applied Physics courses were given at the Darülfünûn on 31 December 1863, which denoted the start of another period, and on 20 February 1870, the school was renamed as the Darülfünûn-u Osmanî (Ottoman House of Multiple Sciences) and revamped to address the issues of current sciences and innovations. Beginning from 1874, a few classes of Literature, Law and Applied Sciences were given at the structure of Galatasaray High School, which proceeded consistently until 1881.

On 1 September 1900, the school was renamed and revamped as the Darülfünûn-u Şahâne (Imperial House of Multiple Sciences) with seminars on Mathematics, Literature, and Theology. On 20 April 1912, the school was renamed as the Istanbul Darülfünûnu (Istanbul House of Multiple Sciences) while the number of courses was expanded and the educational plans were modernized with the foundation of the Schools of Medicine, Law, Applied Sciences (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics), Literature and Theology.

On 21 April 1924, the Republic of Turkey perceived the Istanbul Darülfünûnu as a state school, and on 7 October 1925, the authoritative self-governance of Istanbul Darülfünûnu was perceived while the Schools (inside the old Medrese framework) became present-day Faculties. On 1 August 1933, Istanbul Darülfünûnu was redesigned as Istanbul Üniversitesi (Istanbul University) following the instructive changes of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk. Classes formally started on 1 November 1933.

The college has seventeen resources on five grounds; the fundamental grounds being on Beyazıt Square, which was initially worked by Constantine the Great as the Forum Tauri and was later expanded by Theodosius the Great as the Forum of Theodosius during the Roman time frame. The fundamental grounds working with its milestone door was recently utilized as the base camp of the Harbiye Nezareti (Ministry of War) by the Ottoman government. Situated on the grounds is the Beyazıt Tower, an 85 m (279 ft) tall fire-watch tower. The grounds were beforehand the area of the

Stool period Eski Saray (Old Palace). Some Roman and Byzantine vestiges are as yet unmistakable on the grounds. The college has school personnel of 2,000 educators and partners and 4,000 collaborators and more youthful staff. Over 60,000, undergrad and 8,000 postgraduate understudies follow the courses offered by Istanbul University consistently. The primary entryway was delineated on the turn around of the Turkish 500 lira banknotes of 1971–1984.

Central Library of Istanbul University

Science history specialists date the start of Istanbul University to the madrasah which was built up by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in the second 50% of the fifteenth century. The assortment of the Central Library of Istanbul University contains original copies from the fifteenth century in both Turkish and unknown dialects. In the main quarter of the twentieth century, it kept on advancing its original copies written in the old Ottoman letter set with the ones written in the new Turkish letters in order after letters in order unrest in 1928.

When included inside the extent of the Printed Texts and Picture Collection Law (1934), it started assembling all the printed works distributed inside the fringes of the Turkish Republic. It is our most established and the biggest college library which has to prevail with regards to including hundreds of years worth of dialects and articles to its assortment.

Following the foundation of the Government of the Turkish Grand National Assembly (23 April 1920) and the assertion of the Turkish Republic on 29 October 1923, the library started to be known as the Central Library of Istanbul University in 1933. It had recently been called Darulfunun Library. Its first executive was Hasan Fehmi Ethem Karatay, who was an engineer and earned his postgraduate instruction abroad in librarianship.

With the Higher Education Law 2547 sanctioned in 1982, it started working under the name “Library and Documentation Administration,” alongside different libraries of personnel, division, foundation, and research focuses. In contrast with other college libraries, the robotization procedure came rather late and gradually. However, the administrations it gives to national and worldwide clients in its new and old structures are huge in number and of high caliber. Advances of the ongoing seven years exceed this modernization procedure. The indexing framework built up before is still being used.

As per inquire about done as such far Fatih Madrasa instruction in the opening year (1470) is viewed as the start of the Istanbul University. Until Fatih Kulliye is set up impermanent instructing is done in madrassas changed over from places of worship and religious communities endeavored to set up a library. Fatih library has devoted a few books from both their library. At the opening of the Fatih Mosque, the first library was set up in quite a while. Inevitably the books in these libraries are consolidated in a library with worked in Fatih Mosque and Hagia Sophia situated in Zeyrek madrasah.

The opening of the workforce of the University of Istanbul Fatih Mosque is viewed as the beginning we can acknowledge this as the first to assortment Istanbul University. After the decree of the Tanzimat, propelled with regards to the modernization of instruction, to direct the instruction and preparing business, set up in March 1845, the report by the Ministry of Education of the Provisional Council, has been proposed the foundation of a Darülfünun in Istanbul.

In April 1846 it was requested the foundation of Darülfünun by Sultan Abdülmecid. Be that as it may, on September 8, 1865, the Hoca Paşa house fire consumed and along these lines the first Darülfünun library has been annihilated. 1869 Maarif-I Umumiye Regulations came into power. Arrangements concerning the foundation of libraries right now additionally occurred. Darülfünun-I Osmani opened in February 1870 was shut again in 1873.

After the statement of the Republic on 3 March, 1924 gave by the Education Law of Unity, all things considered, madrasas, libraries are connected to the Ministry of Education. Medresse-t-ul Kuzat (Female School) was moved to Darülfünun to be utilized as a library building. April 1, 1923 date, and Law No. 493 Darulfunun’s authoritative and logical self-sufficiency are perceived. Around then Ismail Hakki Baltacıoğlu was named to the President’s Office of the Dean of Arts of Darülfünun. Baltacıoğlu needed to make a typical Darülfünun library by social event books from all madrasas in Kadi School building. what’s more, reference books left assortment it was chosen to assemble assortments in madrasahs.

Abdulhamid’s works in the library in Yıldız Palace were chosen by 1 June 1924 and the works were moved to Darulfunun. The exchange of Yıldız Palace Library to the Library of Darülfünun has given the historical center worth presentation of the numerous original copies that are of incentive to the current assortment. Arrangements finishing off with November 30, 1924, the open library was opened.

On May 31, 1933, Istanbul Darülfünun’n the cancelation of the Ministry of Education has been affirmed by the Parliament a draft law on the. Istanbul college has been built up. In 1934 with Istanbul University’s consideration of “Printing content and pictures aggregation Law” and from this date onwards Istanbul University Library, rather than being only a University Library has additionally won the National Library nature.

Moved to the structure in 1981 where right now being used the library and started to serve. Our library figured out how to include each other exceptionally old assortments, dialects and compositions are the most established and biggest college library today. In 1982, with the Higher Education Act, 2547 coming into power under the name Istanbul University Library and Documentation Department Istanbul University started working with foundations and research focuses, libraries resources.

Istanbul University Libraries: Five Libraries

IU Virtual Library

Another component of the Central Library of Istanbul University is that Atatürk was an advantage from the library’s book. The books are perused by Atatürk by getting from the library when he came to Istanbul comprises a private assortment. These books were renewed in three dimensional. Uncommon Works Library with the perusing with Atatürk venture arranged in 2012.

Works of Suleiman the Magnificent rejoined with perusers with the virtual library innovation with the participation among İU and Teknosa. Uncommon fills in as “Divan-ı Muhibbi”, “Beyan-ı Menazil-I Sefer-I Irakeyn”, “Kitab-ı Bahriye” sole duplicates of which just exist in the Istanbul University Rare Works Library were brought together with the huge masses in advanced media.

With this task, other than bringing significant and uncommon maps and clients together through digitizing and not to be hurt, passing on the following pages in the most ideal manner, it will be additionally forestalled to make the original copies destroy more.

Inside this setting 1350 maps’ digitizing procedure is finished. At the point when the sole duplicate and the picked tests which have universal chronicled esteem are permitted to access in the virtual library; it will be the verifiable entryway opening to the world in never-ending access in the 21st century of the earth whose, geological and physical outskirts are changed.

Inside Istanbul University Digital Library venture ” the New Look at the Old World: II. Abdulhamid Period Maps and Plans Virtual Library “venture was placed inactivity. Right now, around 789 bits of guide assortment whose call numbers and bibliographic examinations have been finished just 120 duplicates chose to be digitized and having recorded worth chosen is opened to get to the virtual library.

IU CL Disability Information Center: Data Center for (Dis)abled People

Data Service for debilitated individuals which starts to serve in 2012, fundamentally serves to various kinds of incapacitated understudies concentrating in Istanbul University, the other handicapped understudies in the nation and the entirety of the scientists. The inside is opened in the point of supporting the understudies who have outwardly debilitated and hearing weakened have increasingly profitable instruction.

10 PCs, in every PC there are voice readout, screen magnifier program, 6 gadgets which empower to utilize PC with Braille letter set, mice which can be controlled with foot and wrist for impaired understudies, 1 Braille printer, 2 hand-out understanding machine, 1 expert scanner utilizing for produce digital book and photocopy machine, 2 realistic printing machine, 2 content magnifier and 2 sound studio to deliver book recording are situated in the middle. Data focus offers administration to give a digital book, making book recording, printout and book conveyance with Braille letters in order, realistic and cartouche conveyance as indicated by handicapped understudies’ needs and wishes.

IU CL Rare Works

I. Ü. Library and Documentation Department of Rare Books Library joining exceptional instances of the social life is revealing insight into Turkish society. The library is situated on Besim Ömer Pasha street the associating Beyazit Square with Süleymaniye worked in 1912 on the sets of Lord Şeyhülislam Hayri Afandi as the Ministry of Defense Medreset’ül Kudat (Kadılar Madrasa) The modeler of the structure was Kemalettin Bey. Upon the conclusion of madrasas in the Republican time frame, the structure has been distributed to be utilized as a library to Istanbul Dar’ül Fünûn.

Library perusers started to be served on December 1, 1924. In the year with Law No. 1933 2252 Dar’ül Fünûn was changed into the college the library turned into the library of Istanbul University. With the presentation of 2547 Higher Education Law in 1982 the name “IU Library and Documentation Department” was procured. The 3-story building has 677 m2.

I. Ü. Library and Documentation Department of Rare Books Library assortment contains a sum of 52 thousand volumes of printed books in Turkish, Arabic, Persian, Latin and different dialects and compositions, magazines, papers, maps and notes, plans, just as II. Abdulhamid assortment 911 collections including around 36 thousand photographs.

In 1925, giving of Yıldız Palace Library assortment to the library with Mustafa Kemal Ataturk’s requests brought a ton of works of exhibition hall incentive to the current assortment. One of the privileged highlights of the library is the way that Atatürk profited by it. The books Mustafa Kemal Atatürk obtained from the library when in Istanbul are displayed in an extraordinary bureau.

The library assortment has been advanced by gifts and acquisitions. The assortment is made out of Yıldız Palace Library, Mullah Sahib, Riza Pasha, Halis Efendi, Mollazada Ibrahim Bey Ibn’ül with original copies in Hakki Pasha and the Faculty of Arts and books and articles of Emin Mahmud Kemal Inal. Furthermore, in the library composing instruments identified with books and calligraphies, Yıldız porcelain works and things from different historical centers are in plain view. Today, with the new framework, the most seasoned books, checked with advanced scanners, are accommodated analysts administration.

Faculty Libraries

  • Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine Library
  • The staff of Dentistry Library
  • The staff of the Pharmacy Library
  • The staff of Letters Library
  • Library of Astronomy and Space Sciences
  • Library of Biology
  • Library of Sait Akpınar
  • Library Of Mathematics
  • Hasan Ali Yücel Eğitim Faculty of Education Library
  • The staff of Law Library
  • The staff of Economics Library
  • Staff of Communication
  • Istanbul Faculty of Medicine Hulusi Behçet Library
  • The staff of Business Administration Library
  • The staff of Forestry Library
  • The staff of Political Sciences
  • The staff of the Veterinary Medicine Library
  • Professional School of Social Sciences Library
  • Administrations

Interlibrary Loan (ILL)

Lending outside Publication Request Conditions for Members of the college; 1 Istanbul University workforce and staff individuals, our college graduate and doctorate understudies from different libraries through the book specialists can make book/duplicate solicitation. An individual may demand a limit of 5 productions. The working environment and home telephone number must be accounted for sending payload/postage costs have a place with the client.

You should have an email account [email protected] augmentation to make the application. The span of the Income books, sending the communication fluctuates as indicated by every library. Productions Lent must be submitted to our library, in any event, two days preceding the due date. Clients who need to broaden the time reaching our library seven days ahead of time you can stretch out inside the guidelines of the particular library.

9 a similar application structure is additionally used to bring the duplicate of the production. Solicitation for photocopies are dependent upon the standards of that library is substantial solicitations (charges and so forth.). 10-appearance time of wanted distribution fluctuates relying upon whether it is a household or outside interest.

Advance solicitation for books and articles, affirmed by the ILL assistance of the library can be made utilizing the “Interlibrary Loan/Photocopy Request Form”. Any production wanted from our library as an advance can be made if at least two duplicates exist. Notwithstanding, if a solitary duplicate way out it can not be given as an advance, yet photocopies can be made. Mentioning duplicates of the entirety of the proposition should report the name of the individual occupied with the examination guide. The understudy’s next school advocate, division and school number ought to likewise be incorporated.

Bank record number, the store will photocopy + sovereignty cost (referral expense for consideration) are accounted for. Revealed costs, [email protected] to address the financial balance of the hospitalized receipt. When we get evidence of installment, distribution (s) will be sent photocopies of the significant cargo paid ahead of time to the location given.

Significant Notice: The book/proposition/article demand as an email account with the expansion of the [email protected] just doctoral and graduate understudies can profit. Aside from this, solicitation can be made through KITS from the focal library of the advanced education foundation they have a place with. If you don’t mind click here for the application structure for books and Articles you need.

References Services

Reference administrations react to any inquiries coordinated by administration mentioning clients about the library assortments and empower them to profit by the library assortments at ideal levels. These administrations are rendered on the web, disconnected, by phone and set up.


Address : Molla Hüsrev Mahallesi Molla Şemsettin Cami Sokak No:10 Fatih\ Istanbul

Telephone : +90 2124555783

Ext : 16767

Fax : +90 2124555784

Email : [email protected]

Get To Know Istanbul Soccer Teams Better

If you’re a big soccer fan, you might know that both playing and watching a soccer game is a big deal in Turkey. It’s because Turkish people love having a great team spirit. During a vacation in Istanbul, If you ever come across people that are singing loudly together, it’s highly possible that there is a soccer game on that day. So, here are some tips for you to know about from smallest to biggest soccer teams based in Istanbul and to enjoy this soccer game spirit at its highest level.

It’s highly known that Istanbul is one of the most popular, well-known and metropolitan cities in Turkey. Being a big city brings along different types of options. In other words, if you want to support a Turkish soccer team located in Istanbul, today’s your lucky day because Istanbul offers you one of the best options.

How Many Soccer Teams Are There in Istanbul?

 Here are top 10 Turkish soccer teams based in Istanbul: 

  1. Fenerbahce Football Club
  2. Galatasaray Football Club
  3. Besiktas JK (Gymnastics Club)
  4. Basaksehir Football Club
  5. Eyupspor Football Club
  6. Modafen Football Club
  7. Tuzlaspor Football Club
  8. Bayrampasa Football Club
  9. Maltepe Football Club
  10. Catalcaspor Football Club

What is The Big Three?

    In Turkey, there are many different soccer teams based in Istanbul but 3 of them are accepted as the main ones. These teams can be listed as:

  1.  Fenerbahce, 
  2. Galatasaray, 
  3. Besiktas. 

As they’re accepted as the main teams, don’t feel surprised if you hear someone calling them the Big Three. The reason behind the title given to these teams is actually predictable. They’re all successful teams without a doubt but there are more reasons. 

    These teams are often regarded as the best teams of the league and as they’re all good teams with thousands of fans, these teams have always been seen as rivals. It’s not only the total fan numbers of the teams but also their championships and achievements that make them popular. Till now, there have been 61 championships that were won and 54 of them belong to these teams.

    Apart from these three teams, only 2 teams have won the championship. Those teams are:

  1. Trabzonspor
  2. Bursaspor

After Besiktas Galatasaray and Fenerbahce, Trabzonspor is regarded as one of the most successful teams in Turkey. The team has won 6 championships so far. On the other hand, Bursaspor comes right after Trabzonspor. The team has won one championship in the 2009-10 season. Although sometimes you might hear such words as “The Big Five” thanks to the championships won by Trabzonspor and Bursaspor, The Big Three will always be more valid and popular.

Besiktas Gymnastics Club
    Among the Big Three, Besiktas was founded firstly. It was founded on 4 March 1903. It’d be a mistake to call Besiktas as a football club because when it was first founded, it started as a gymnastics club. Later on, the club became famous for its soccer games.

How Was the Club Established?

  At the beginning of the 1900s, a group of people gathered together and started to meet regularly. The main aim of these gatherings was to exercise and they took place in a garden owned by a person named Osman. Later on, these people started to get interested in other branches such as gymnastics, parallel, wrestling, weightlifting. As a result, a club that they named after Bereket Gymnastics Club was founded in 1903. 

How Did the Club Become a Soccer Club?

    In a neighborhood named Ihlamur, Fuat Balkan had his own place and he turned this place into a sports center and the sports club that formerly known as Bereket Gymnastics Club was changed to Besiktas Ottoman Gymnastics Club.

Although football wasn’t in the spotlight in the first period when the club started its activities, athletes and gymnasts in the club became more interested in soccer and started playing games among themselves. They got their first championship in 1920. 

How Many Times Has Besiktas become the Champion?

    In total, Besiktas has become the champion 15 times so far. Here are the years and seasons that Besiktas showed a great example of success:

  1. 1956-57 season
  2. 1957-58 season
  3. 1959-60 season
  4. 1965-66 season
  5. 1966-67 season
  6. 1981-82 season
  7. 1985-86 season
  8. 1989-90 season
  9. 1990-91 season, 
  10. 1991-92 season, 
  11. 1994-95 season
  12. 2002-03 season
  13. 2008-09 season
  14. 2015-16 season
  15. 2016-17 season

Which Colors Represent Besiktas?

At first, the official colors of the team were red and white. It is believed that the club was inspired by the Turkish flag while deciding on the colors. Later on, black and white became the official colors of the team after the loss of the Balkan War.

Galatasaray Football Club

    Galatasaray Football Club is a Turkish soccer club that performed achievements worldwide. This makes it one of the most successful teams in Turkey. The club was founded on 1 October 1905. Galatasaray Sports Club was founded by Ali Sami Yen and accompanied by his friends at Galatasaray High School. In the beginning, the name of the club was to be Gloria (Victory) or Audace (Courage), they later decided on the name of “Galata Palace” which exactly means Galata Saray in Turkish.

What Are the Achievements of the Club?

    Galatasaray is the team with the most championships in Turkish football history and it is the only football club located in Turkey that has 4 stars. The team became champion for the first time between 1961-1962 and won  23 games out of 38 and got 57 points totally. Galatasaray won its last championship in the 2018-2019 season.

In addition to these, the club is famous for its firsts. 

  1. The team scored the highest amount of goals in one season.
  2. It is the team that has become the champion by making a huge gap in terms of the score in the league.
  3. The top athlete of the league; Metin Oktay who was playing for Galatasaray became the number one football player.
  4. Galatasaray is the first Turkish team that had the chance to represent Turkey in the Champions League. (1993)
  5. Galatasaray had the chance to play in the Champions League 14 times and no other Turkish teams managed to get a chance to play more.
  6. The first Turkish team that has won a cup in Europe. (in 2000)
  7. The first Turkish team to play quarter-finals in the Champions League. (3 times)
  8. The first and only Turkish team to represent the European continent at the World Clubs Championship.

How Many Times Has Galatasaray become the Champion?

    In total, Galatasaray has become the champion 22 times so far. By becoming the team with the most championship, Galatasaray has become more popular and the great achievement of the team was accepted and appreciated by Turkish people regardless of the team they support. So, here are the years and seasons that Galatasaray made its path to success: 

  1. 1961-62 season
  2. 1962-63 season
  3. 1968-69 season
  4. 1970-71 season
  5. 1971-72 season
  6. 1972-73 season
  7. 1986-87 season
  8. 1987-88 season
  9. 1992-93 season
  10. 1993-94 season
  11. 1996-97 season
  12. 1997-98 season
  13. 1998-99 season
  14. 1999-00 season
  15. 2001-02 season
  16. 2005-06 season
  17. 2007-08 season
  18. 2011-12 season
  19. 2012-13 season
  20. 2014-15 season
  21. 2017-18 season
  22. 2018-19 season

 Who Is the Most Famous Coach of Galatasaray?

    For both Turkish people and Galatasaray fans, Fatih Terim might even come to the minds even before the founder of the club. In 1953, he was born in Adana, Turkey. In 1969, he first played for Adana Demirspor, a local soccer team located in his hometown, Adana. This was when he was only 16 years old. Later on, he took an active part in Galatasaray as a football player before becoming the coach. He was trained in coaching too. Besides Galatasaray, he was in charge of the Turkish National Soccer Team for a long time. He’s Turkey’s one of the most well-known and successful coaches.

Which Colors Represent Galatasaray?

At first, Galatasaray started with red and white. As the colors of the Turkish flag are made of red and white, it is predicted that the team was inspired by the colors of the Turkish flag. Later on, as it was a period of chaos and political issues, the club wanted to change the colors to yellow and blue but in the end, they decided to make them yellow and red. Currently, the team is associated with the colors of yellow and red.

Fenerbahce Football Club

    Founded on 3 May 1907, Fenerbahce is just another successful soccer team in Turkish football history. There is an interesting fact that the first attempt to establish the club was done by the same people who also started a club under the name of the Black Stocking Football Club. Therefore, the Fenerbahce Football Club was unofficially established in 1899, however, as it was shut down twice, the official year of establishment is accepted as 1907. 

How Many Times Has Fenerbahce become the Champion?

    In total, Fenerbahce has 19 championships so far. Coming right after Galatasaray in terms of the number of championships, Fenerbahce is regarded as one of the most successful soccer teams in Turkey. Here are the years and the seasons: 

  1. 1958-59 season 
  2. 1960-61 season 
  3. 1963-64 season 
  4. 1964-65 season 
  5. 1967-68 season
  6. 1969-70 season 
  7. 1973-74 season 
  8. 1974-75 season 
  9. 1977-78 season
  10. 1982-83 season 
  11. 1984-85 season 
  12. 1988-89 season 
  13. 1995-96 season 
  14. 2000-01 season 
  15. 2003-04 season 
  16. 2004-05 season 
  17. 2006-07 season 
  18. 2010-11 season 
  19. 2013-14 season

Which Colors Represent Fenerbahce?

Naturally, in the springtime flowers bloom and make nature more colorful. As Fenerbahce was founded in May, it was springtime. It is said that the garden that belonged to Fenerbahce at that time was full of yellow and white daisies and Fenerbahce takes its colors from these daisies.

What are the Symbols of The Big Three?

    Using animals as a symbol that represents a soccer, basketball or baseball team is a tradition that widely accepted. The same tradition is observed in Turkish football teams as well. Each team is associated with a different animal and has a different meaning that it represents. If it’s still a secret for you, keep reading!

Lion for Galatasaray

The symbol of Galatasaray is a lion. If you wonder the reason behind, you can link it with the team’s famous athlete whose name is Nihat Bekdik. Later, The player was selected as the captain of the team. In 1936, he put an end to his career by stopping playing soccer but he never stopped being interested in sports. Bedik, who participated in the races with his boat which he named “Aslan”. Aslan means lion in Turkish and thanks to his boat, he was called “Aslan (Lion) Nihat” during this period and since then Galatasaray has been associated with a lion.

Black Eagle for Besiktas

The reason that the symbol of Besiktas is a black eagle is the cheer of a fan. In the 1940-41 season, Besiktas was the leader of the league and their team spirit was highly appreciated by the fans. As a result, during a game, one of the fans started shouting like “Go, Black Eagles!” and later on, Besiktas performed even better in that game and the press thought that the team was inspired by how passionately the fan was cheering. As a result, the black eagle became the symbol of the team.

Canary for Fenerbahce

The creation progress of the symbol of Fenerbahce mostly relies on one of its famous goalkeepers, Cihat Arman.  During that period, Turkey’s best goalkeeper was Cihan Arman and he was called “flying canary”. Thanks to his great talent, the press started to call the team as yellow canary after they won a game. For that reason, the canary becomes the symbol of the team.

Where Can I Watch Soccer in Istanbul?

If you’re looking for the best place to watch a soccer game and if you’re in Istanbul, you just can’t leave without watching a game at the glorious stadiums of the Big Three. If you wonder about the locations of these stadiums, you don’t need to wonder anymore.

  1. Ulker Sukru Saracoglu Stadium

Although its official name is Sukru Saracoglu Stadium, it’s widely known as Kadikoy in Turkey. It’s predictable that the popular and commonly known name of the stadium comes from a place that the stadium is located. Sukru Saracoglu Stadium is located in a neighborhood named Kadikoy. However, the official name comes from Sukru Saracoğlu, who was the official owner of the and had a duty as a president in 1934 and 1950.

This big stadium is big enough to host 50,509 football lovers at once. It’s the 4th largest stadium in Turkey. Authorities of the club made changes with the stadium many times. At last, the stadium was totally collapsed and a new stadium was rebuilt. The construction lasted for 7 years, starting in 1999 and ending in 2006. Finally, it got its current appearance. Kadikoy is highly important for both the club and the fans because Fenerbahce is hardly defeated in their own home. 

If you want to enjoy the feeling of rivalry, just get your tickets for a derby game at Sukru Saracoglu Stadium. The exact address of the stadium is written below if your choice is to watch a game at Kadıkoy.

Bağdat, Recep Peker Street Number: 2, 34724 Kadikoy/Istanbul

How to Get to Kadikoy?

  1. Take the metro bus from the nearest metro bus stop to you.
  2. Get off the metro bus at Sogutlucesme stop.
  3. After getting off the metro bus, you take a walk to Sukru Saracoglu Stadium. It will take 5 minutes approximately.

Turk Telekom Stadium

Formerly known as Ali Sami Yen Stadium, Turk Telekom Stadium witnessed the big games, big success and served as the home of Galatasaray from 1964 to 2010. Later on, the name was changed to Turk Telekom Stadium. The stadium takes its former name from the founder of the team, Ali Sami Yen. It was officially opened in 1964. After winning championships in a row, racing in the Champions League and gaining big success, Galatasaray started to look for a bigger and more modern stadium. With 52,223 capacity of the spectator, Turk Telekom Stadium is larger than Fenerbahce’s Kadiköy. The stadium was opened to its visitors and fans in 2011. Moreover, the stadium was opened with an opening game between Galatasaray and the famous football team, Ajax. Galatasaray played its first official game at Turk Telekom Stadium in January 2011, with Sivasspor. 

Watching a game at Turk Telekom Stadium will probably be one of the most unforgettable experiences in your life. Cheering beside cheerful and dedicated fans will make you feel like a true Galatasaray fan even if you’re there just to enjoy a night out. If you want to feel this spirit, here is the address information of the stadium: 

        Huzur Neighborhood, 34415 Seyrantepe Sariyer/Istanbul

How to Get to Turk Telekom Stadium?

  1. Take any metro bust hat goes to Mecidiyekoy station.
  2. Get off the metro bus at Mecidiyekoy station.
  3. Go on with Mecidiyekoy Metro Station. 
  4. When you arrive at Metro Sanayi Mahallesi stop, get off the metro. At this stop, reach Seyrantepe Metro. After taking a walk, you will be at the stadium.

Vodafone Park

Formerly known as the Inonu Stadium, Vodafone Park is the home for Besiktas. Former Inonu Stadium was opened in 1947. Just like Galatasaray and Fenerbahce, Besiktas also needed a new stadium with a bigger and larger capacity. As a result, Inonu Stadium was collapsed and Vodafone Park was built. It’s a fun fact that the neighborhood that the stadium is located is actually called Besiktas. Thanks to its great location, you can go and visit Vodafone Park even when it’s not a game day. The stadium is located next to the Bosphorus connecting the two continents. 

Apart from hosting football games, Vodafone Park is also the host of many different cultural and social events. These events include famous fashion shows by famous designers and concerts of worldwide famous singers. Shakira is one of those worldwide famous singers. She had an incredible concert at Vodafone Park. The concert took place in July 2018 and Istanbul witnessed an amazing night.  

The capacity of the stadium is enough to welcome 41,903 visitors. If you want to be one of them, here is the address of the stadium: 

Visnezade Neighborhood, Dolmabahce Street., 34357 Besiktas/Istanbul

How to Get to Vodafone Park?

  1. You can take a ferry departing from Kadikoy and after getting off, you can walk to the stadium. It will take 5 minutes.
  2. If you are coming from the European side you can take a walk to Vodafone Park and it will take your only 1 minute when you take the metro bus from any metro bus stop and get off at the Cevizlibag stop and take the Kabatas-Bagcilar tram.

How to Get a Live Game Ticket?

If you want to get a ticket for a game you need to visit in advance. The tickets are available for all teams including the Big Three. You need to sign up and fill the form beforehand. After signing up, you will have a card named Passolig.

What is Passolig?

Passolig is an electronic card application that fans who want to go to football games need to have. Games cannot be entered without passolig. Instead of wasting your time going and waiting in line, Passolig offers you an easier way in which you can buy your ticket online.

How Much You Need to Pay for the Tickets?

The prices might change according to the game that you want to watch. If it is between one of the teams of the Big Three and any other teams, the price will be much lower. It can show changes from 80 Turkish liras (12 dollars) to 100 Turkish liras (15 dollars). However, you might need to pay up to 500 Turkish liras (78 dollars) for a derby game which means it is a game between two of the Big Three.

Here is a small reminder for you: As they’re being the most famous teams in Turkey, they have hundreds of fans not only from Turkey but also from all over the world. For that reason, make sure that you get your tickets in advance If you want to watch a game at these famous stadiums. 

How Can You Watch a Game If I Can’t Buy Tickets?

If you can’t find tickets for the big games or when you don’t want to get in the big crowd, there are different options for you to watch the game. Here are some good places for you to do it: 

  1. Havelka (located in Caddebostan)
  2. Hard Rock Cafe Istanbul (located in Istiklal Street)
  3. Me Gusta (located in Taksim)
  4. Public House (located in Asmalimescit)
  5. Old English Pub (located in Kadikoy)

If your path crosses with Istanbul by any chance, you can go and watch a live game at these glorious stadiums and get to know better about these famous teams based in Istanbul. If you still can’t decide which team to support, we can advise you to watch live games of each team and make up your mind afterward.