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What to Eat in Taksim

You are visiting Taksim and have a hunger to appetize, or you want to try out some food from this beautiful land of İstanbul? There are many restaurants and flavors to try. One can choose between many options and have a tasty experience in Taksim.

There are many restaurants in Taksim where you can have a tasty dinner in a splendid ambiance with good service quality. You may reserve a table that gives a beautiful view of Istanbul, or you can go to a cafe that cooks authentic Anatolian food.

Just BBQ

Just BBQ is a smokehouse for meat-lovers. With its classy environment and service quality, it is a place where you can feel the respect for the customers and the value that they give to their jobs.

The menu consists of not only the main course options but also gives you a chance to taste its burgers and sandwiches. If you cannot decide between those tasty options, you can always order a mixed plate called “Just Combo” that includes Cherry Wood Smoked Ribs, Brisket, Hot Dog, Potatoes, Cole Slaw, and Demi-Glace Barbeque Sauce

  • Dana Brisket (Calf Brisket) 11.71 USD
  • Just Kombo XL 33.72 USD
  • Brisket Burger 6.36 USD
  • Çarkıfelek Limonata 2.28 USD

Address: Vişnezade Mah. Şair Nedim Cad. Akaretler 33/A, 34357 Beşiktaş

Phone number: +908502551378

Otantik Anadolu Yemekleri

Otantik Anadolu Yemekleri (Otantik Anatolian Food) offers its customers a taste of Turkish cuisine. With its rich menu, it attracts customers that are both new to Turkish Cuisine and that already tasted and loved it. 

You can order local Anatolian food, maybe a soup, or you can have pastries such as mantı and gözleme. Also, you can order a vegetable with olive oil. Furthermore, grills and kebabs are on the menu.

  • Otantik Yuvalama Çorba 1.78 USD
  • Keşkek 2.80 USD
  • Mantı 3.56 USD
  • Patatesli Gözleme 2.16 USD

Address: Hüseyinağa Mahallesi, İstiklal Caddesi, No 80/A, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +902122938451

360 İstanbul

360 İstanbul, located in the Historical Misir Apartment in Beyoglu, is a restaurant with a unique view of İstanbul, in the middle of Taksim. It offers food from various cuisines such as Turkish, Japanese, and many more. If you have the budget for it and want to have an evening where you can watch the sunset while enjoying delicious food, this is the place for it.

A menu with much quality food and a wide range of white and red wines awaits you from 4 pm to 2 am on Sundays until Thursdays and from 4 pm to 4 am on Fridays and Saturdays. The restaurant also includes a bar that opens at 2 pm every day.

  • Asma Yaprağında Çupra 11.32 USD
  • 360 Kuzu Kafes Konfi 19.72 USD
  • Safranlı Risotto 7.63 USD

Address: Tomtom, İstiklal Cd. No:163 K: 8, İstiklal Cd., 34433 Beyoğlu/İstanbul

Phone number: +90533 691 03 60


With a 23 year history, Faros Kebab is a meat restaurant in the middle of Taksim. The menu consists of various kebabs such as Adana, Urfa, Şaşlık, and Kallavi. One can also taste a steak in this restaurant. One can take a look at the menu, the place, and make a reservation through its website

  • Adana Kebap 4.58 USD
  • Urfa Kebap 4.58 USD
  • Beef Steak 5.85 USD

Address: Kocatepe Mahallesi, Cumhuriyet Caddesi, No 31/A, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +902122976077

Meze by Lemon Tree

Meze by Lemon Tree is a place to experience a classical İstanbul night off with authentic Turkish drink rakı. The menu consists of various savory appetizers, salads, and main courses. 

For the main course, you can either have meat such as different kebabs or lamb steak. Also, you can choose to eat seafood such as anglerfish, sea bass, shrimp, and many more.

  • Izgara Kuzu Lokum 10.85 USD
  • Kağıtta Levrek, Kayısı ve Badem ile 8.27 USD
  • Fındıklı Muhallebi, Tahin ve Dut Pekmezi ile 2.93 USD

Address: Asmalımescit Mahallesi, Meşrutiyet Caddesi, No 83/B, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +902122528302


Eleos Restaurant is a Greek tavern located on the 2nd floor of a historic building near İstiklal. After the cold starters, you can order a savory appetizer among shrimps, calamari, and many more.

For the main course, you can have fish depending on the season, and then you can order “ouzo” which is a traditional Greek drink. Also worth mentioning that this place offers its customers a beautiful view of the Bosphorus.

  • Midyeli Lahana Sarma 1.27 USD
  • Somon Füme 2.42 USD
  • Fish prices depend on the season

Address: Tomtom Mahallesi, İstiklal Caddesi, Hıdivyal Palas, Kat 2, No: 231, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +902122449091 and +902122449090

No: 19 Dining

With its cozy design and rich menu, No: 19 Dining welcomes its customers to have a tasteful experience in a home-like atmosphere. The menu consists of different food from various cuisines.

For the main course, you can have local food like İslim Kebabı or İmam Bayıldı. If you like, you can experience dinner in faraway by picking one among the food from various cuisines of the world. If you are a vegetarian, they have many options for vegetarian food on the menu. Are you interested? You can make a reservation from

  • Kişnişli Tavuk 1.53 USD
  • İmam Bayıldı 1.91 USD
  • İslim Kebabı 2.54 USD
  • Vegetarian Option: Smoked Paprika Cured Hamachi 10$

Address: Kuloğlu Mahallesi, Faik Paşa Caddesi, No 6, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +902122927348


Fıccın is a tavern that takes its name from a famous Circassian dish. The restaurant is known for its Circassian food also offers its customers a dinner with Turkish drink rakı and various starters that goes well with rakı. If rakı is not your favorite, that is also fine because the menu includes wine, tequila, vodka, and many more.

For the main course you can have Circassian or Turkish food; meat, fish or vegetable cooked in olive oil. If it all sounds attractive to you, you can take a look at their menu and contact them to make a reservation through their website

  • Yaprak Ciğer 4.83 USD
  • Fırında Kaşarlı Sütlü Kabak 2.54 USD
  • Ispanak Kavurma 2.16 USD

Address: Asmalımescit Mahallesi, İstiklal Caddesi, Kallavi Sokak, No: 13/1, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +902122933786


İstanbul’s gastronomic restaurant Nicole with menus that consists of fresh and authentic ingredients, chateau-style wines, and experienced staff are appealing to visitors with a taste that is selective and refined.

Nicole is a luxury restaurant that offers its customers a classy atmosphere. The menu includes contemporary Mediterranean cuisine.

The name of the restaurant comes from Agnes Marthe Nicole, who healed numerous patients in the historic building that it locates in. The building was a Franciscan monastery until the 20th century. There is also a bar alongside the restaurant where you can continue the night.

There exists 2 menus:Nicole and Celebration that worth different prices:

  • Nicole 66.16 USD
  • Celebration (Kutlama) 83.97 USD

Address: Tomtom Suites, Tomtom Mahallesi, Boğazkesen Caddesi, Tomtom Kaptan Sokak, No 18, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +902122924467

Pera Antakya

Here is a restaurant that serves dishes from Antakya cuisine. Antakya cuisine makes use of all ingredients that are made use of in typical Mediterranean cuisine. The fact that 200 out of 400 recipes of Antakya cuisine are original shows us that it is a significant one. 

Although tasting the food in Antakya would be the best you could do, you can try some of it at Pera Antakya. Once you appease your hunger with some delicious meal, you can give Kunefe, the famous dessert of Antakya try.

  • Meze Plate for 2 9.16 USD
  • Pera Antakya Wrap 4.45 USD

Address: Asmalımescit Mahallesi, Balyoz Sokak, No:14, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +905334341886

Sabırtaşı Restaurant

Founded in 1987, Sabırtaşı Restaurant offers its customers sincerity and warmth alongside delicious food from Kahramanmaraş cuisine. In Sabırtaşı Restaurant, you can have the menu of a local household in Kahramanmaraş.

You can try the famous İçli Köfte, the fist-sized burghul balls filled with seasoned minced meat and then you can have Ev Burması, a special kind of baklava, as a dessert.

  • Kahramanmaraş Ekşili Çorba 1.27 USD
  • Kuzu Şiş 5.34 USD
  • Izgara Köfte 4 USD

Address: Asmalımescit Mahallesi, İstiklal Caddesi, No: 112, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +902122519423, +902122448226 and +905422604611

Hacı Abdullah Lokantası

Hacı Abdullah Lokantası established in 1888 in Karaköy dock. Sultan Abdülhamid the 2nd gave the business license to the restaurant. After that, the restaurant transferred from master to apprentice, and today it is located in Taksim as Hacı Abdullah Lokantası.

The menu is rich, consists of kebabs, vegetables, pastries (börek and pasta), desserts, and more. As a dessert, you can try local Turkish desserts such as Tavuk Göğsü and Sakızlı Muhallebi. Also, you can try the special Hacı Abdullah Poppy Seed Dessert.

  • İçli Köfte 3.2 USD
  • Elbasan Tava 6.1 USD
  • Hacı Abdullah Poppy Seed Dessert 2.42 USD

Address: Hüseyinağa Mahallesi, Atıf Yılmaz Caddesi, No 9/A, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +902122938561

Asmalı Cavit

Asmalı Cavit is a classical İstanbul tavern (meyhane) that is in Asmalımescit. The menu consists of cold appetizers, hot appetizers, meat, fish, and desserts. You can also make a choice of alcohol from their alcohol menu.

Asmalı Cavit is famous for its eggplant salad and grilled anchovy. One advantage of Asmalı Cavit is how cheap it is for the quality of food and the service. You can safely take your guests to Asmalı Cavit and satisfy your appetite on a budget. 

  • Köz Patlıcan (Eggplant Salad) 2 USD
  • Şakşuka (Eggplant with Yogurt) 2 USD
  • Kuzu Pirzola (Lamb Chops) 8.3 USD

Address: Asmalımescit Mahallesi, Asmalımescit Caddesi, No 16/D, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +902122924950

Cezayir İstanbul

Spreading over three floors in a historical building in the center of Istanbul’s urban life, Cezayir offers a unique dining and event experience with space alternatives of different content, function, and scale.

The large and evergreen garden, which has become a classic for Beyoğlu, and the stylish bar section with high ceilings and fireplace on the garden floor, is undoubtedly the most striking point of Cezayir.

The menu consists of starters, main course, kinds of pasta, wraps, and snacks. An advantage of the menu is that it has vegan options for their vegetarian and vegan visitors.

  • Muhammara 2.8 USD
  • Kavurmalı Humus (Hummus with Roasted Beef) 4.6 USD

Address: Firuzağa Mahallesi, Hayriye Caddesi, No 12, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +902122459980

Pano Şarapevi

Founded in 1898 by Panayot Papadopulus, Pano Şarapevi is a classical Winehouse in Taksim. With its historical ambiance, Pano Şarapevi offers its customers a unique dining experience. 

The menu consists of cheese plates, cold appetizers, hot appetizers, salads, red meat, various seafood and fish, chicken, pasta, and drinks. There also exists a wine menu with a wide range of options.

  • Chicken Fajitas 5.7 USD
  • Kalamar Tava (Fried Squids) 5.45 USD
  • Spaghetti Napoletana 3.9 USD
  • Fettucine Di’ Pano 5.1 USD

Address: Hüseyinağa Mahallesi, Hamalbaşı Caddesi, No 12/B, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +902122926664

Müşterek Meyhane

Opened its doors in March 2014, Müşterek Meyhane is a tavern in Taksim. With its warm environment and good quality service, it welcomes its visitors to have dinner in peace.

The menu includes some warm and cold starters such as mezes for rakı table. One advantage of this place is that you do not have to use alcohol to have dinner. You can always choose to have a drink with no alcohol. This flexibility makes it more than a tavern.

  • Köfte Izgara 4.45 USD
  • Çoban Kavurma 6.4 USD
  • Sebzeli Karides 5.7 USD

Address: Şehit Muhtar Mahallesi, İstiklal Caddesi, Mis Sokak, No 15, Kat 2, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +905557186559

Limonlu Bahçe

Abidin Doğan, Vildan Erozan, and Murat Şeker established Limonlu Bahçe in June 2001. The cafe takes its name from the lemon garden that it resides. According to the information on their website, Limonlu Bahçe is the first ‘chill-out zone’ of İstanbul.

In the mornings, the cafe offers its customers a range of breakfast menus, and in the evenings, it becomes a place where you can have dinner and with or without alcohol.

The menu includes red meat, vegetables, seafood, and pasta as the main course. You can also take a look at the particular part of the menu called Lemon Fest. For the dessert, you can choose between Tiramisu, Profiteroles with Chocolate Sauce, and many more.

There also exists a drink menu where you can pick an alcoholic or non-alcoholic drink. Frozens made with seasonal fruits, lemonade, and cocktails made with the lemon from the garden, rich wine list preferred with the meal or separately, afternoon or evening drinks are the options of drinks one can try.

  • Kırmızı Etli Dürüm ( Red Meat Wrap) 4.7 USD
  • Lİnguini Piliçli (Chicken Linguini) 4.3 USD
  • Bonfile Izgara (Fillet Steak) 9.3 USD
  • Romlu Bitki Çayları (Herbal Tea with Rum) 3.9 USD

Address: Tomtom Mahallesi, Yeni Çarşı Caddesi, No 74, Beyoğlu, İstanbul

Phone number: +902122521094

More from Taksim

Once you stop for an eat at Taksim, there are more to try and visit that you should not miss. Try some local Turkish drinks and food and see the historical places.

Taste Ayran

I suggested you try rakı, the local alcohol drink from Turkey. Now I have a suggestion that one must try once they visit Turkey. If you are from abroad and have never tried ayran, the cold drink made from yogurt, you must give it a try.

Eat Turkish Delight

Turkish delight is one of the most famous local delicacies one should taste. Try to taste a variety of kinds of Turkish delight, and don’t forget to make it a gift to your loved ones.

Experience the Night Life in Taksim

While you are traveling, listen to the music of the street and see some street art. You can even take a picture in front of a wall full of art.

Street Music and Graffiti 

While you are traveling, listen to the music of the street and see some street art. You can even take a picture in front of a wall full of art.

Visit Ataturk Cultural Center (AKM)

Founded in the 1960s, AKM is a cultural center and an opera house that hosts magnificent stage shows such as theaters, musicals, operas from Turkish State Opera and Ballet.

Take a Walk in İstiklal Avenue

There are a whole bunch of things that you can do in the most famous street in İstanbul. You can visit the Madame Tussauds Wax Museum, St. Anthony of Padua Church, and Pera Museum there

Madame Tussauds Wax Museum:

The museum consists of 4 different areas where you can find wax statues of many famous people. These areas are Music, Sport, VIP Party, and Film.

You can book a visit from their website and buy a ticket for a reasonable price. The prices for online tickets are starting from 62 Turkish Liras (7.89 USD). You can buy a 2 Attractions Ticket for 95 Turkish Liras (12 USD) and visit LEGOLAND Discovery Center or Sea Life. If you want to see all of those places, then you can buy a 3 Attractions ticket for 113 Turkish Liras (14.4 USD).

Address: Hüseyinağa, Grand Pera, İstiklal Cd. no: 56 D:58, 34440 Beyoğlu/İstanbul

St. Anthony of Padua Church:

Being the largest Catholic temple in İstanbul, the church was originally built for the Italian people that live in İstanbul in 1725.

Address:  Tomtom, İstiklal Cd. No:171, 34433 Beyoğlu/İstanbul

Pera Museum:

Suna and İnan Kıraç Foundation established the Pera Museum in 2005 to provide wide-scale and quality cultural and arts services.

Address: Asmalı Mescit, Meşrutiyet Cd. No:65, 34430 Beyoğlu/İstanbul

Where is Taksim Istanbul?

Taksim is a cosmopolitan town, a communications center, and a major industry, entertainment & shopping area for tourists to have a nice walking tour of Istanbul city. This is the new part of Istanbul and the center of it. It is a remarkable place with its square, crowded streets, lively and entertaining environments, cafes, and restaurants. But how to get to Taksim from airports or other districts and what to do here?

When we say Istanbul, many places come to our minds. But some places come first. One of them is Taksim Square, which has become the symbol of the Beyoğlu district. Taksim Square is known for its history and beauty as well as witnessing political and social events. In short, if you happen to be in Istanbul, do not return without seeing this place. Before going to the Taksim, it is necessary to do some research. It will help you to learn the shortest and safest ways to travel from airports or other districts.

Brown Concrete Building Under Blue Sky

There are many places to visit in Taksim. There are many park areas, entertainment venues, shopping centers, cafes, and restaurants in Taksim. The excursion park, flower passage, Atatürk Cultural Center, Galatasaray Bath, Republic Monument, and İstiklal Street are among the places to be seen here.

How to Get to Taksim Square?

How to Get From the New Istanbul Airport (IST) to Taksim?

Istanbul Airport (IST) is one of the two airports in Istanbul. The airport is located on the European side of the Black Sea coast, about 45 km from Taksim. It takes about 90 minutes to go from IST to Taksim You have several options for reaching Taksim.

Havaist Airport Buses and commercial taxis are travel options between Istanbul Airport (IST) and Taksim.

Havaist Airport Bus

  • At Istanbul Airport, Havaist Airport Passenger Services, Domestic Terminal Arrivals Lounge, -2. Departs from the stop at the public transport exit on the floor. 
  • It takes approximately 95 minutes between Istanbul Airport and Taksim by Havaist Airport Buses (This period may vary depending on the weather and traffic conditions of Istanbul.) 
  • The fee for the Havaist – Taksim line is 25 TL (3,24 $).
  • The card payment system for Havaist Airport buses is at the trial stage, so we recommend that you have cash in Turkish lira with you.
  • There is no option to pre-book or buy tickets for the bus. Therefore, you should make sure that you are converting enough Turkish lira.
  • All Havaist lines serve 24/7. Buses that take place every 20-30 minutes during the day and once an hour after midnight.


From the New Istanbul Airport (IST), you can take a taxi. You can use local taxis to get from the airport to the city center. If we assume that you are going to take a local taxi from Istanbul Airport to Taksim at an average distance of 45 km the IST taxi fare will be about 20-22 $.

How to Get From Sabiha Gökçen Airport (SAW) to Taksim?

The other airport in Istanbul is Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen Airport. The two easiest alternatives to get to Taksim from Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen Airport are Havabüs Airport Busses and commercial taxis.

Havabüs Airport Bus

  • Havabüs Buses are in white color and the departure point at Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen Airport is opposite the arrivals floor exit of the terminal building.
  • It takes approximately 90 minutes between Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen Airport and Taksim by Havaist Airport Buses (This period may vary depending on the weather and traffic conditions of Istanbul.) 
  • The fee for the Havabüs – Taksim line is 18 TL (2,34 $).
  • The only payment method is cash to pay the ticket fee on the Havabüs Airport Bus. 
  • There is no option to pre-book or buy tickets for the bus. Therefore, you should make sure that you are converting enough Turkish lira.
  • Havabüs shuttles running every half hour between 06:30 and 00:30. 


From the Istanbul Sabiha Gökçen Airport (SAW), you can take a taxi. You can use local taxis to get from the airport to the city center. If we assume that you are going to take a local taxi from Istanbul Airport to Taksim at an average distance of 45 km the SAW taxi fare will be about 20-22 $.

How to Get From Other Districts to Taksim?

Transportation to Taksim is very easy. IETT Municipality Buses and subway services are provided to Taksim from many parts of Istanbul. Istanbulkart is the card used in Istanbul city buses, subway, trams, and ferries. You can easily use public transportation services if you load money on this card by purchasing it from sales points and subway sale machines.

If you are coming from the Anatolian Side, coming to Beşiktaş, Kabataş or Karaköy with the Şehirhatları Ferries,
You can reach by buses from Beşiktaş and by funicular from Kabataş and Karaköy.

Those coming from Fatih can easily reach Taksim by tram (T1 line) between Bağcılar – Kabataş and those coming from Bakırköy by bus.

Also, you can always use commercial taxis and apps like Careem, iTaksi, Bitaksi.

Why is Taksim Square Famous?

Taksim Square, located in the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul, is one of the most important and famous points of the city. The region is a tourist attraction center. It is of great importance as it hosts entertainment venues, important hotels, shopping points, and cultural places around. It has become a square in its full sense in the Republic Period. In 2013, the traffic in the square was officially closed and the square became pedestrian.

Taksim cannot be described as a district. Seeing it as a square and a series of buildings surrounding it is more correct. The region, which was a narrow region lined with old buildings, took on its present appearance before it became a square, after being converted into a square and extended. In the center of the square, the Republic Monument is not only used on national days as a ceremony place but also serves as a meeting place for those who come to spend time in Istiklal Street and its surroundings.

People at the Street Near Tram

The nostalgic tram runs to Tünel from the start of the square. Many stores, cinemas, and theaters, art workshops, exhibition halls, restaurants, discotheques, and cafes are housed there. In Taksim, there is 24-hour movement, especially on weekends; most of the local fast-food restaurants at the entrance of the square (including those on weekdays) are open all day on weekends. Nightclubs do not close until early in the morning.

Taksim, which has become an important transportation hub, has begun to demonstrate the characteristics of a crossroad rather than a square. Taksim Square is close to many popular areas of Istanbul such as Nişantaşı, Sultanahmet, Tophane, Mecidiyeköy, Şişli, Karaköy, Tünel, Yenikapı. Near the square, taxis offer transportation around the clock and it is certainly a place where everyone can meet.

What Is It There to Do at Taksim at Night?

We can easily say that Taksim is the heart of Istanbul and alive for 24 hours. Taksim is a cosmopolitan town, a communications center, and big tourist business, entertainment, and shopping area for a pleasant walking tour of the city of Istanbul. Istiklal Street provides a wide variety of dining choices, from luxury restaurants to high-quality restaurants and cafés where visitors and locals go. In Taksim, you will find all kinds of food, Turkish and world cuisine for your taste. Most of the famous restaurants and cafes are located on Istiklal Avenue and in the Taksim tourist zone, where all the hotels are located. In Taksim, the famous dining and wining places are located on Nevizade Path, French Street (Fransız Caddesi), Flower Passage (Çiçek Pasajı), and Asmalimescit. A wide selection of great cafes, restaurants, pubs, bistros, live music bars, and night clubs can be found here.

The best address for a Turkish-style nightlife and dining experience is the taverns called “Meyhane”. In meyhanes, musicians play Turkish music (fasıl), and Rakı is served. Rakı is an alcoholic traditional Turkish drink. It is often served with seafood and mezze (a selection of small dishes served as appetizers).

Usually, the streets are filled with people, young and old, on any given night. All with the same target, having rakı, beer, or wine, to have a good time out while enjoying mezzes or other small dishes, accompanied by alcoholic beverages.

Famous Meyhanes in Taksim

  • Tarihi Cumhuriyet Meyhanesi, a restaurant rooted in the history of Beyoğlu, was opened in the early years of the Republic and was popular with Turkish poets and authors. A special table was often maintained for Atatürk, too. There are classic Meyhane dishes on the menu. Some nights of the week on the upper floor, there is live fasıl.
  • In Asmalı Cavit for years, the owner Cavit Bey has served healthy food and a welcoming atmosphere in another classic meyhane in the Asmalımescit neighborhood, (thus properly called ‘Asmalı Cavit’). All at Cavit is thoroughly nostalgic, from the old movie posters on the walls to the endless rotating of meze dishes from the open kitchen.
  • Firuze Beyoğlu, Sade Meyhane, Yakup 2 are other famous methane’s in Taksim

Alcohol, Appetizer, Raki, Melon

Other Famous Night-Outs in Taksim

  • 360 Istanbul, which is on the list of the best roof bars and nightclubs of Istanbul, welcomes entertainment lovers on the upper floor of the Historical Mısır Apartment in Beyoğlu, one of the central districts of the city. Both in Turkey and abroad famous domestic and foreign DJs from the scene takes place in Istanbul where there are 360 branches in Izmir. Also, the venue provides great convenience in terms of transportation as it is located in the middle of Istiklal Street.
  • In Nardis Jazz Club, live music performances take place almost every week, which is one of the favorite places for jazz music lovers. With a capacity of 120 people, the venue is like a nightclub and the naivety and energy of jazz music is reflected in the interior design. Jazz bands from abroad also take the stage at the venue located on Galata Tower Street.
  • In Zelda Zonk Karaköy, where the view is very good and the heart of the nightlife is kept, you can taste delicious cocktails in the place where there are 2 separate terraces and enjoy the music while watching the unique night view of the Historical Peninsula.
  • Open since 1994, at some stage in their lives, almost every Istanbul local has been to Roxy, whether to see a Turkish pop legend or a globally known folk artist. There’s always something going down on weekends at Roxy, and it’s a safe idea after midnight.

Is Taksim Square Safe at Night?

Taksim, the center of the Beyoğlu district, has become the center of Istanbul’s nightlife. Famous for its colorful and lively nightlife, the Taksim area has many and different venue options for those who want to have fun.

You can find many nightclubs and bars near Taksim Square. Also, you will reach Asmalımescit at the end of İstiklal Street, which is just before the famous Tunnel square of Beyoğlu, you can reach there by walking from Taksim, and is dominated by heavy pedestrian traffic. In Asmalımescit; There are bars, small clubs, and taverns. Here, you can find a very busy crowd every day of the week.

But Teksim’s nightlife has its traps, like any other tourist spot in the world, so here some travel tips on things not to do in Istanbul to have a very enjoyable experience. In fact, these suggestions are valid for all famous and crowded places in the world.

Here 4 tips you should be careful of while you are enjoying your night in Istanbul:

  • Don’t walk alone. When necessary, always remain within a group. You’ll decrease the chance of being targeted by people who are up to no good and might be out to take advantage by sticking close to the people you trust and know well.
  • Find out as much as you can about where you’re going. Read comments and postings about places where you will spend your night and have fun.
  • If you drink alcohol, remain in control. Know and never push the boundaries. Also, keep a close eye on your beverages and never leave them at any point unattended.
  • Take a taxi when you traveling at night. Using a taxi and get home safely is worth that little extra cost.

Taksim is a cosmopolitan place, a communications hub for tourists to have a pleasant walking tour of Istanbul city, and a major business, entertainment, and shopping district. Taksim is located in the center of Istanbul and can be reached easily and by different methods from airports and other districts. There are events to be held in Taksim for all ages and entertainment styles, and it is a must-visit point for everyone who comes to Istanbul.

Are Istanbul Airport Taxis Safe?

Taxis are commercial automobiles that usually carry passengers within the city and the fare is determined by taximeters. Taxis are widely used during transportation from Istanbul airports to the city center. Taxis provide great convenience when you arrive in the city and people expect to take the shortest route to avoid overpayment. But the reliability of taxis is discussed in all metropolises around the world. So, what should we pay attention to when using a taxi in Istanbul?

Taking a taxi in Istanbul is an affordable, simple, and convenient way of transport. However, all drivers are not reliable. Luckily, most of them are fair, but there is an increasing number of instances where tourists get hustled in Istanbul while taking a taxi ride. Before going to the city, it is necessary to do some research. It will help you to learn safe ways to find a taxi from airports, to be informed about the normal prices you can pay for a taxi that will take you to various districts of Istanbul, to download smartphone applications that you can use when calling a taxi.

Taxi Types at the Taxi Stands of Istanbul Airports

There are 3 types of taxis from airports. Yellow, turquoise, and black taxis. The most commonly used and the standard one is the yellow taxis.  Turquoise taxis take comfort one step further. Black taxis are suitable for crowded groups and those who want a luxurious journey.

  • The regular yellow local taxis are C Segment ones (such as Fiat Aegea, Dacia Sandero, Renault Clio, etc.). 
  • Turquoise taxis (like VW Passat, Skoda Superb, Opel Insignia, etc.) are those from the D segment. 
  • Black taxis (like Mercedes E180, Mercedes Vito, etc.) are VIP and E segment taxis. 

Turquoise taxis account for 15%, and black taxis are 100% more expensive than yellow taxis. In other words, for a journey of 100 TL in yellow taxis, the passenger will pay 115 TL in turquoise taxis and 200 TL in black taxis.

Are There Taxi Scams in Istanbul?

Sadly, as in many parts of the globe, taxi scams are a major issue in Turkey. While there are really good taxi drivers, during the day you can come across a poor driver. It would be a safe way to stop scams by having a cab firm that your hotel agrees with instead of on-road taxis. 

Here Are the 9 Tips & Things You Might Need to Be Careful About

  • Before taking the taxi, you can do a little research about the route you will go to and have information about how many kilometers it will take.
  • Be careful about choosing a taxi. Make sure that the license plate is written on the vehicle’s doors and roof. These are legal and registered taxis, if you encounter a problem, you can reach the taxi stand and complain as long as you know the license plate.
  • While getting in or out of the taxi, you can write down the license plate and the name of the station or take a picture with your phone and save it.
  • Look for the meter once you are safely seated in the taxi. Istanbul’s taximeters are normally placed behind a shift stick. You can get out immediately if the taxi does not have a meter. Some cab drivers will try to make you reason for the breaking of the meter to get you to settle to a fixed price. Do not fall for the trick of this. If the cab has a meter, when you reach the car, it should read 5 TL ($ 0,61).
  • Not many taxi drivers speak English in Turkey, so at times you might run into non-understanding. You can determine your route with navigation applications (such as Google Maps) from your smartphone and give the necessary guidance to the taxi driver.
  • Share the attitudes and behaviors if there’s any you are uncomfortable with the driver. Explain clearly that if it is going fast, it should go slow, if the sound of the music is very clear, it should be turned down, it would be better to open the window if the interior of the vehicle is stuffy. You can use Google Translate to do that. It is not rude at all.
  • There are some additional fees you will pay in addition to the taxi fare in Istanbul. These are valid for bridge, highway, and bus terminal entrance and exit fees. It is added to your taxi fare, don’t be surprised.
  • It is not compulsory to leave a tip for taxi drivers in Istanbul. If the driver also carried your luggage and luggage, you can leave a tip.
  • You can pay by credit card in any taxis in Istanbul.

How Does the Taxi Fare Work at Airports in Istanbul?

At Istanbul Airport, taxis serve in front of the passenger exits of the Domestic and International terminals. 

Taxi fares at Istanbul Airport are calculated by adding the km price above the starting price. 

When you want to reach your destination by taxi from Istanbul Airport, you can get information from taxi drivers over the approximate km. 

In Istanbul Airport taxis, the same tariff is valid 24 hours a day. But in the city, there are day & night tariffs.

There are some additional fees you will pay in addition to the taxi fare in Istanbul. These are valid for bridge, highway, and bus terminal entrance and exit fees. It is added to your taxi fare, don’t be surprised.

•           Yellow Taxi: Opening fee is 0,61 $; km fee is 0,38 $ and short distance travel is 1,60 $ (to prevent people from taking taxis for too short distances).

•           Turquoise Taxi: Opening fee is 0,71 $; km fee is 0,44 $ and short distance travel is 1,84 $ .

•           Black (VIP) Taxi: Opening fee is 1,05 $; km fee is 0,65 $ and short distance travel is 2,72 $.

How Much Will I Pay When I Take a Taxi From Istanbul Airport?

For Yellow (Standard) taxis, approximate taxi fares between Istanbul New Airport and some districts:

Taxi fare between Istanbul Airport – Taksim: 22 $ – 25 $

Taxi fare between Istanbul Airport – Esenler Bus Station: 18 $ – 20 $

Taxi fare between Istanbul Airport – Tüyap fair center: 17 $ – 20 $

Taxi fare between Istanbul Airport and – Sultan Ahmet Mosque: 21 $ – 24 $

Taxi fare between Istanbul Airport – Bakırköy IDO pier: 19 $ – 22 $

)Taxi fare between Istanbul Airport – Kadıköy: 27 $ – 30 $

Taxi fare between Istanbul Airport – Eminönü: 20 $ – 25 $

Taxi fare between Istanbul Airport – Şişli: 21 $ – 24 $

Taxi fare between Istanbul Airport – Beşiktaş: 21 $ – 24 $

Taxi fare between Istanbul Airport – 4. Levent: 20 $ – 22 $

Taxi fare between Istanbul Airport – Mecidiyeköy: 20 $ – 23 $

Taxi fare between Istanbul Airport – Aksaray: 20 $ – 22 $

*These charges are written according to best-case scenarios and low traffic. The price of waiting for a minute is 0,055 $. This may be because of heavy traffic or your request to make someone or someone waiting for you.

How Much Will I Pay When I Take a Taxi From Istanbul Airport?

For Yellow (Standard) taxis, approximate taxi fares between Sabiha Gökçen and some districts:

Taxi fare between Sabiha Gökçen Airport – Taksim: 18 $ – 19 $

Taxi fare between Sabiha Gökçen Airport – Esenler Bus Station: 25 $ – 26 $

Taxi fare between Sabiha Gökçen Airport – Harem Bus Station: 16 $ – 17 $

Taxi fare between Sabiha Gökçen and – Sultan Ahmet Mosque: 20 $ – 23 $

Taxi fare between Sabiha Gökçen Airport – Çekmeköy: 12 $ – 13 $

Taxi fare between Sabiha Gökçen Airport – Kadıköy: 14 $ – 15 $

Taxi fare between Sabiha Gökçen Airport – Üsküdar: 15 $ – 16 $

Taxi fare between Sabiha Gökçen Airport – Ataşehir: 11 $ – 13 $

Taxi fare between Sabiha Gökçen Airport – Mecidiyeköy: 15 $ – 16 $

* These charges are written according to best-case scenarios and low traffic. The price of waiting for a minute is 0,055 $. This may be because of heavy traffic or your request to make someone or someone waiting for you.

How Can I Arrange My Transfer Between Istanbul Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport?

•           One option is to go from Istanbul Airport to Sabiha Gökçen Airport by Havaist Airport Buses. These buses run at certain times. The distance between Istanbul Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport is approximately 70 km. The approximate journey time between Istanbul Airport and Sabiha Gökçen Airport by Havaist Buses is 75 – 85 minutes. This time may vary depending on weather and road conditions. Havaist Airport Buses Ticket price between Sabiha Gökçen Airport – Istanbul New Airport: 4,55 $.

•           Another option is to get from Istanbul Airport to Sabiha Gökçen Airport by airport taxis. The approximate journey time from Istanbul Airport to Sabiha Gökçen Airport by taxi is around 45 – 55 minutes. It may vary according to weather and road conditions. Taxi fare between Istanbul Airport Sabiha Gökçen Airport: 30 $ – 33 $.

Can I Take Uber From Airports in Istanbul?

In Istanbul, is Uber available? Sadly, the answer to the question is no. Why doesn’t Uber serve in Istanbul, though? Uber did, in fact, want to serve in Istanbul. Uber was available in Istanbul until 2019; Uber’s presence was not allowed, however. In recent years, Uber has survived many legal problems; and finally, after the court’s decision in 2019, Uber is completely inaccessible from Turkey.

Are There Apps That Provide Services Like Uber in Istanbul?

Although we hear the name of Uber a lot, many platforms serve like it. Here is an alternative transport service operating in Turkey.

Uber alternative taxi applications in Istanbul:

•           iTaksi

•           Careem Taxi Calling Application

•           BiTaksi


iTaksi is an application created by the Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. In the application, you can see the approximate distance and price by specifying your destination before calling a taxi. However, these fees can change during the journey. Because the application gives an approximate fee. There are 3 different taxi types in iTaksi. Classic yellow taxis, more comfortable turquoise taxis, and black taxis with a feeling of VIP transport. There is also an advanced iTaksi complaint line.


Careem application, downloaded more than 10 million times in the Google Play Store, stands out with its modern Caarem tools. Careem taxi drivers who use the application are called captains, not drivers. So it’s like calling Uber captain instead of Uber driver. According to user comments, it is more useful and professional than the applications we described above. You can also make a reservation in advance in the application.

The features of the application include important features such as seeing the estimated price, payment by credit card, and viewing driver information. Besides, you can see where the captain you summoned is. Turkey’s Careem communication system based on user feedback is quite good. However, there are still situations where captains do not want to come when they see your destination. 


With more than 1 million downloads, BiTaksi is the application with the highest score on our list with 4.6 points. The application, which is popular in Istanbul and Ankara, also draws attention to its features. During the taxi call process, you can choose the yellow taxi and the BiTaksi turquoise taxis. After calling a taxi, BiTaksi driver information; You can see information such as driver photo, name, vehicle brand, and model.

One of the best parts of the application is that the drivers have their own scores. So you can see how many points the driver received from the passengers he carried before. For Istanbulites, the question of whether it is BiTaksi or iTaksi may have come to mind. Obviously, it is useful to decide this by looking at user comments. Basically, the only difference between BiTaksi, iTaksi is that they are different companies.

In summary, there are several ways to reach the city center from Istanbul airports. If you want to use a taxi and have some doubts about its safety, this article is likely to guide you. As long as you follow the suggestions such as checking the plates on the doors, looking at the taximeter display, taking notes about the route you will go to in advance, or saving it to your phone, your journey will be smooth.

In addition, there are 3 types of taxis that we can use from airports in Istanbul. As stated in the article, the average prices of standard yellow taxis vary according to the distance and traffic density of the districts. At the same time, there are many applications with English language support that you can use for taxi transportation at Istanbul airports.

We wish you a safe and enjoyable trip in Istanbul.

Don’t Leave Istanbul Without Doing These: Essential Activities in Istanbul

Culture is one of the main components of Istanbul’s travel industry. With its 8,500 years of history and culture, Istanbul has consistently stood out and facilitated a large number of guests. In response to this continuing interest today, Istanbul brings together the cultural dynamism of the age with its residents, modern art museums, galleries, streets hosting artists and concert venues, festivals; It offers all the opportunities it has regarding cultural tourism, which permeates every field of art. So what are the activities that you should not leave Istanbul without doing?

Located between two continents, Istanbul offers many choices in terms of activities to be done. However, if you have only a few days to spend in the city, do not skip the top activities in this article. I recommend you to rent a car for an efficient Istanbul tour. Traveling by public transport can tire those with limited time. However, since public transportation is very developed in Istanbul, you can easily reach the central locations by alternatives such as tram, metro, and Metrobus.

Don’t Leave Istanbul Without Doing These on the European Side

  • Bosphorus Tour in Ortaköy

Of course, the first thing you need to do in Istanbul is to take a ride on the Bosphorus line. There are numerous alternatives on both the European and Asian sides of the city to see this great excellence that separates the city into two. To visit the best locations of this novel course, you can come to Ortaköy and hop on one of the pontoons beginning the visit from here. Visits from better places, for example, Eminönü and Kadıköy are likewise composed in the city to investigate the Bosphorus, however, as per numerous voyagers, Ortaköy is the best. Besides, heavenly flavors, for example, prepared potatoes and waffles are sitting tight for you here. I think the best thing to do in summer must be a tour of the Bosphorus. When your tour is over, don’t forget to rest and have a drink at Bebek beach.

  • Fish & Bread in Eminönü

In Eminönü, one of the oldest districts of the city, you can have a fast and delicious feast from the fish and bread boats on the beach. If you want to visit and explore historical areas, the Spice Bazaar, where you can find various spices, is right here. In my opinion, eating fish and bread in Eminönü is one of the most beautiful things to do in Istanbul in winter. Another thing to do in Eminönü is to buy dried fruits and coffee. Dried nuts sold on the streets of the historical district and Kurukahveci Mehmet Efendi’s delicious coffee, which goes back a long way, are the favorite of local and foreign tourists. However, I definitely recommend you to see the bazaars and shops in Eminönü. Especially in Doğubank, you can find most electronic items you are looking for at affordable prices.

  • Palace Tours

You should definitely see historical palaces such as Topkapı and Dolmabahçe in Istanbul, which served as the capital of Byzantium and the Ottoman Empire for many years. You can witness the places where the most important events in history took place during your palace tour, where you can also participate in one of the guided tours. Do not forget that you have to spend almost a day to fully visit these palaces, which are spread over a very large area. In the meantime, be sure to have a museum card with you while going to many historical places. So you can enjoy it without paying entrance fees to most places.

  • Sultanahmet Tour

After visiting the Topkapı Palace, you can first rest in Gulhane Park and then go down to Sultanahmet Square and see the magnificent Blue Mosque, visit the Hagia Sophia Museum and the Basilica Cistern. You can take lots of photos in these places, each of which is a masterpiece of architecture and art. It is a must in Istanbul. In addition, you can stay in beautiful historical hotels in this region, even for 1 night. However, don’t forget to stop by the Grand Bazaar within walking distance. You can find everything you are looking for in the historical bazaar.

  • Enjoying Coffee in Nişantaşı

Nişantaşı, one of the most important districts of Istanbul, is a frequent destination for many local and foreign travel lovers. It is a beautiful district where you can feel like you are in many cities in Europe, not only for shopping but also for walking around the stone streets. Nişantaşı, one of the most beautiful districts of the European side, is one of the best addresses to enjoy Istanbul. Here, you can visit luxury stores and drink your coffee in stylish cafes. If you want to go down to some green areas and walk around the park, Maçka Park, which is right next to it, is among the best options in this regard.

  • Tea and Sahlep at Pierre Loti

If you get away from the Bosphorus and come towards the Golden Horn, admirable beauties await you here. Take the cable car to Pierre Loti and order yourself a cup of tea. Especially in the early morning hours or in the evening before the sun goes down, you cannot get enough of the view from here. You can even get lost in the footsteps of the historical region by descending from Pierre Loti to the Golden Horn and walking all the way to Eminönü.

  • Photography in Balat

Balat was not one of the popular places in recent years. But whatever happened, it was one of the most curious places in 2019. With its cute cafes, historical buildings, and colorful houses, it is a place where you should spare at least half a day. Especially, it is one of the most beautiful neighborhoods to take photos in Istanbul. It is a full photographic place. If you ask me, Balat is one of the places that must be visited on the weekend in Istanbul. Don’t forget to see the antique shops and live auctions.

  • Journey to History in Galata

Galata Tower, known to have been built during the Genoese period, is located in the immediate vicinity of İstiklal Caddesi and Beyoğlu. You can have your meal at the restaurant located in the tower where Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi flew down to Üsküdar or you can go here just to watch the view. Galata is also one of the increasingly active centers of the city in recent years. You can visit the galleries open nearby, shop at boutiques, or taste some of the city’s most delicious coffees. And at the end of the day, you can stay in the beautiful hotels of the Galata Region.

  • Walking in Taksim

If you ask what to do in Istanbul, probably 90 out of 100 people will somehow direct you to Taksim. Actually, I wrote this part on purpose. Since it is one of the spots in Istanbul that never shuts off and one of the spots that outsiders appreciate. Without a Taksim, Istanbul cannot be complete. Concerning Taksim, You can walk around Istiklal Street, participate in an introduction at the Istanbul Modern Art Museum, or visit exhibitions, for instance, the Museum of Innocence or the Pera Museum. In Taksim, where religious shrines are also sided by side, you can stop by the Church of St. Anthony. However, you can visit Madame Tussauds Museum, which is among the places to visit in 2020 and one of the popular museums of recent years. In this museum, you can see wax sculptures of different artists/celebrities from all over the world.

Don’t Leave Istanbul Without Doing These on the Asian Side

  • Istanbul from Camlica Hill

In order to fully understand Istanbul and see the city from above, be sure to go to Camlica Hill in a winter month. Watch the European side of Istanbul, which is under the snow, first. Since its location will be on the Anatolian side, you can start your trip on this side from Çamlıca. The historical peninsula would be on your left. I am not even talking about the beautiful Bosphorus view in front of you.

  • Scenery View in Moda

If you go to the Anatolian side with one of the ferries that you can take from places such as Beşiktaş and Eminönü, you should definitely stop by Moda, which is one of the most beautiful districts of the city and is located in the immediate vicinity of Kadıköy. With its tea gardens, parks, and tranquil atmosphere along the beach, Moda is literally a corner of peace. This region is one of the favorite places in Istanbul to live in.

  • Visit the Islands

Comprising of various islands like Heybeli Ada, Büyükada, Kınalı Ada, and Burgaz Ada, the Istanbul islands are otherwise called Prince Islands. The purpose behind this is their utilization as outcast spots for Byzantine rulers long ago. Nowadays, islands became a top choice of guests, particularly in hot seasons, with their verifiable houses and special marvels. To visit them, you should use ships from the other side of the Bosphorus. Be prepared to sacrifice one whole day for this visit. Islands are calm spots to go particularly with youngsters, yet I recommend you to visit on non-weekend days rather than at the end of the week.

  • Tour in Bagdat Street

Bagdat Street which is one of the longest streets of Turkey is one of the places worth seeing on the Anatolian side. Cafes and restaurants located on the street, where you can find the most famous brands in the world, make it a center of attraction with delicious eating and drinking alternatives at all hours of the day. If you descend from the street towards the coast, you can take a walk in places such as Caddebostan, Suadiye, and Fenerbahçe against the magnificent view of the island. After a stroll on Bağdat Street, you can go to Kadıköy and end the day by chatting with your friends in one of the many places here.

  • Enjoying Maiden’s Tower

The Maiden’s Tower, which is an absolute necessity for Istanbul, is entirely agreeable with its nightfall and the perspective on the Historical Peninsula, particularly in the late spring evening. You can value a dazzling perspective by looking against the chronicled legend of numerous years and feeling the awesome breeze of the Bosphorus. You can even show up at the Maiden’s Tower by vessels and have dinner. I can say with significant serenity that it is one of the most wonderful stops to go with your sweetheart, particularly in Istanbul.

Don’t Ever Leave Istanbul Without Diving into the History

  • Take the ferry from Kadıköy to Beşiktaş

Taking one of the ferries operating between two continents is undoubtedly a very beautiful, cheap, and enjoyable activity that can be done in Istanbul. If you are on the Anatolian side, you should view the Haydarpaşa Train Station, Dolmabahçe and Topkapı Palaces, as well as Galata Tower, and other palaces on the coasts of the sea until you get on the ferry riding from Kadıköy to Beşiktaş and arrive in Beşiktaş. If you are on the European side, this time you can enjoy the same line by getting on Beşiktaş. Do not forget to buy bagels and throw them to the seagulls before you get on the ferry.

  • Eat baked potatoes overlooking Ortaköy Mosque

When you say Istanbul, the first sight that comes to mind is the view that includes the Ortaköy Mosque and the Bosphorus Bridge. One of the must-haves of activities in Istanbul is to take your baked potato prepared with the ingredients you like from the baked potato makers lined up at the entrance of Ortaköy, relax and spoon your baked potatoes. It is also very enjoyable to sip your tea while playing backgammon in the cafes in this region or to feed the pigeons in the square.

  • Tour Emirgan Grove during the tulip season

Visiting Emirgan Grove, especially during the Tulip season in April and May, is one of the most visually fascinating activities to be held in Istanbul. Emirgan Grove is one of the green and forested places preferred by Istanbulites who want to escape from the chaos of Istanbul on the weekend and leave the arms of nature. In Emirgan Grove and Park, you can take wonderful photos with colorful flowers, tulips in the season, trees with special motifs, and the Bosphorus view, you can have a picnic, enjoy breakfast in one of the 3 mansions, or enjoy eating and drinking at other meals.

  • Explore Istiklal Avenue

Istiklal Avenue in the Beyoglu district is one of Istanbul’s oldest areas, is one of Turkey’s busiest and most famous streets. The street, which has preserved its fame since the 19th century, stretches between Tünel and Taksim Square. People from different countries create cultural mosaic on this street. Tourists who come to Istanbul for sightseeing prefer to stay in hotels close to İstiklal Street.

Here you can shop as you wish and find a cafe to sit when you get tired. The street where people of all ethnic backgrounds go and visit has an attitude that fascinates everyone. Istiklal Avenue becomes colorful every day with friends, families, and lovers in arms. This street, where loves are lived and loves end, has not neglected to be a source of inspiration for many people. He decorated the lines of poems that have been the subject of songs. İstiklal Avenue is a summary of the unspeakable Istanbul. It makes you feel like you. If you cannot decide what to do on your weekend, you can choose Istiklal Avenue.

  • Go to Galata Tower

Galata Tower shows itself all alone in all that chaos and crowd in Pera, one of the most chaotic regions of Istanbul. It appears and disappears at the end of each street extending from Karaköy to İstiklal Street. Or, on a ferry ride, it winks like a pearl ruby in all those ugly concrete chunks that it’s there. It is a little troubled, too. As if it is longing for his old days. Unless you visit the tower and look at Istanbul through his eyes, Istanbul is actually not Istanbul. It still commemorates Hazerfan, winking at the ships passing through the Bosphorus, and standing quietly in the heart of Istanbul, like an old confidant that you will lean on despite all the past experiences. Go to the tower after all these stories.

  • Visit the Spice Bazaar

The Spice Bazaar is an arcade, made in the classical Ottoman style, consisting of a combination of two bazaars with its feature of being the “Double Bazaar”. The Spice Bazaar was built in the “L” plan scheme with successive rows of stones and bricks in the Ottoman Classical style. The branches of these two bazaars that join by giving the “L” plan scheme are longer in the east-west direction. At the point where the long and short sides meet, there is a prayer square covered with a cross vault. The arches carrying the vault were not attached to the walls, instead of bearing legs were used. There is a clerk lodge next to the southeast one of these pillars. The main entrances of the Spice Bazaar are the entrances at the ends of the two major branches. The entrances at the ends of these two large branches are two-story structures with six porticoes. In addition, the door of the bazaar opening to Tahmis Street has a portico and two floors. Apart from this main entrance, the other two entrances are opposite each other.

  • Go to Rahmi Koç Museum

When you reach Eminönü, you can meet the Rahmi Koç Museum, one of the most beautiful museums in Istanbul. You can visit the nostalgic Fenerbahce ferry, ride the historical tram and train, and browse classic cars in the Rahmi Koc Museum which was opened in 1994 with the support of businessman Rahmi Koc and which is the first major museum dedicated to the history of the industry, transport, and communications.

  • Browse miniature works in Miniatürk

It is conceivable to venture out from Galata Tower to Hagia Sophia, from Sümela Monastery to Rumeli Fortress, from Selimiye Mosque to Safranbolu Houses, from Amasya Yalıboyu Houses to the Ruins of Nemrut Mountain, or wave to Beylerbeyi Mansion while crossing the Bosphorus Bridge on foot in Miniatürk, a miniature artifact park displaying 128 models from Turkey and Ottoman geography.

  • Take a photo of the sultan in costume at the Basilica Cistern

A visit to the Historic Peninsula is a must for activities to be held in Istanbul. You can also visit the incredible water storage from the Byzantine time frame, called the Basilica Palace, and sit on the throne of the sultan and the sultan wearing Ottoman clothes and take photos. It’s guaranteed to have fun while taking photos 🙂

  • Be enchanted by the architecture of the 8th wonder of the world, Hagia Sophia Museum

Visiting Hagia Sophia, one of the leading architectural wonders in the world with its style and structure, as well as its dizzying dome and incredible mosaics is one of the most beautiful activities to be done in Istanbul. Hagia Sophia is the 8th wonder of the world as it is a museum with a really huge number of visitors every year.

Don’t Leave Istanbul Without Visiting These Museums

  • Istanbul Modern Art Museum

Istanbul Modern Art Museum is a museum that houses interdisciplinary activities and aims to transport Turkey’s artistic creativity to the masses and share the cultural identity of Turkey with the international art scene. As the first private museum to organize modern and contemporary art exhibitions in Turkey, in 2004, on the shores of the Bosphorus, it was founded on an area of ​​8,000 square meters. It offers a versatile service area with its temporary and permanent exhibition halls, photo gallery, video, educational and social programs, library, cinema, café, and design store.

  • Chora Museum

The Chora Museum, which takes its name from the Greek word Khora, meaning outside the city (rural area), is among the best-preserved Byzantine works to date. The church, whose construction coincided with the 5th century, was used as a palace chapel in important religious ceremonies. Mosaics and frescoes in Chora are the most lovely instances of the last time of Byzantine artistic creation. Chora was utilized as a church after the victory of Istanbul in 1453, it was changed over into a mosque by Vizier Hadim Ali Pasha in 1511. It was converted into a museum in 1945, and the mosaics and frescoes made by the American Byzantine Institute between 1948-1958 were uncovered.

  • Istanbul Archeology Museum

The Istanbul Archeology Museum is one of the largest museums in the world, with more than one million works belonging to various cultures. It is built in the 19th century. The museum has a different aspect though; Istanbul Archeology Museums comprise three exhibition halls: The prehistoric studies Museum, Ancient Oriental Works Museum, and Enameled Kiosk Museum.

The Old Oriental Works Museum, which was built in 1883 by Osman Hamdi Bey is the first Sanayi-i Nefise Mektebi (Academy of Fine Arts) in Turkey. On the other hand, the Enameled Kiosk Museum was built by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in 1472 as a summer mansion and was chosen as the richest and most important Museum of Turkey in Europe in 1992 where it is awarded as the “Museum of the Year” by the Council of Europe in the competition, in which 45 museums participated.

  • Sakıp Sabancı Museum

Sabancı University Sakıp Sabancı Museum is in Emirgan, probably the most seasoned settlement of the Bosphorus, in Istanbul. The Atlı Köşk, which was used as a permanent residence by Sakıp Sabancı in 1966, hosted Sakıp Sabancı’s rich calligraphy and painting collection for many years and was allocated to Sabancı University in 1998 to be converted into a museum with the collections and items it contains.

  • Istanbul Maritime Museum

Istanbul Maritime Museum which is Turkey’s largest museum in the maritime field is one of the world’s leading museums in terms of the diversity of the collection it includes. There are approximately 20,000 works in his collection. Maritime Museum, which is connected to the Navy, was the first military museum established in Turkey. The main exhibition building has 3 floors and 4 large halls and 17 rooms in the building are used as exhibition areas.

  • Ancient Oriental Works Museum

In the Museum of Ancient Orient within the Archeology Museum, cultural artifacts brought from the Ottoman rule Egypt and the Middle East countries and findings of Anatolian civilizations before the First World War are exhibited. The museum, which contains artifacts from Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Anatolian cultures, as well as items from the Ancient and New Sumerian ages, also has a very rich, rare cuneiform collection of 70 thousand plates.

  • Dogancay Museum

Dogancay Museum, Turkey’s first museum of contemporary art, opened doors to the public in 2004. The museum, located in a 150-year-old five-story historical building in Beyoğlu, displays the works of Adil Doğançay with a small retrospective of his son’s, Burhan Doğançay’s works. The works of the artist in the museum cover his fifty years of artistic development, starting with his early figurative paintings, to his works and photographs inspired by the city walls.

  • Divan Literature Museum

Divan Literature Museum, built on the hunting farm of Beylerbeyi İskender Pasha in 1491, has been an important center of science and literature circles for many years in the Ottoman period. Many people gathered around the Mevlevihanes studied in many branches of fine arts and made a long talk of themselves in the scientific field. The Mevlevihane, located at the beginning of the slope that goes down to Yüksekkaldırım in Beyoğlu district, is the oldest Mevlevihane in Istanbul. The Mevlevihane built as a complex; It consists of dervish cells, sheik’s office, and sultan’s hall, bacılar section, library, a public fountain, timing room, kitchen, tombs, and treasury.

  • Warehouse Museum

During the expropriation of palaces and mansions, which are important architectural works of the Ottoman Empire, items that were taken to the warehouses because they could not find a place in the new decorations, are now exhibited at the Warehouse Museum. Objects belonging to crystal-glass and metal tableware, weapons, various writing sets, porcelain, old telephones, cinema machines, kitchen equipment, heating tools, curtain cornices, silk fabrics, and cushions are exhibited in the museum. Periodical exhibitions are featured in the Dolmabahçe Art Gallery affiliated with the museum.

  • Press Museum

In the halls of the Press Museum, it is possible to observe the evolution of press technology from the beginning. You can make a nostalgic trip among lithography samples, flat printing machine, rotary letterpress enterotype, proofing benches, guillotine, old typewriters, telexes, telephotos for free.

  • Atatürk Museum

Mustafa Kemal’s house, where he lived from 1918 when he left the Syrian front after World War I and came to Istanbul until May 16, 1919, when he moved to Samsun, has been serving as the “Atatürk Museum” since 1942. In the museum, Atatürk’s personal belongings and documents related to the War of Independence, as well as the works of various painters on Atatürk and the National Struggle are exhibited.

  • Military Museum

Approximately 5,000 works selected from more than 45,000 items are exhibited in the Military Museum. There are various weapons, military clothes, tents, flags, and banners, and similar military cultural assets in the collection, which is grouped from different angles such as period and subject. Among these, there are rifles, guns, cannons, and swords that constitute beautiful examples of wood and metal decoration art, armor, shields, and helmets with their elegant ornaments and inscriptions, golden tombacs that emphasize the glory of the Ottoman army, and the most precious examples of Ottoman palace tents.

  • TÜRVAK Theater Museum

At the museum, there are posters, brochures, and photographs of the theater groups signed payrolls, masks and play accessories, the accessory box used by Darülbedayi in their tours, Ottoman and Turkish flyers, tickets, and invitations. In addition to the examples of our traditional theater, the Ortaoyunu Department, Akbank Culture Collection Karagöz and Hacivat characters, Darülbedayi Tepebaşı Drama Stage Hall interior and exterior models, the play costumes of artists such as the State Theater, Altan Erbulak, and Jeyan Tözüm, and portraits of our living and separated theater people can be seen here. There are sections that shed light on the history of the theater, where the individual belongings and private documents of Muhsin Ertuğrul, who took the role of pioneering the institutional and academic identity of our theater as well.

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Who Conquered Istanbul: The Life of Mehmet the Conqueror

Mehmet II or Mehmet the Conqueror (Fatih Sultan Mehmet in Turkish) is one of the sultans of the Ottoman Empire. In historical sources, his name is mentioned in the form of Muhammad, like the other sultans named Mehmet. Mehmet the Conqueror first ruled for a short period between 1444-46, then for 30 years from 1451 until his death in 1481. So, who is Mehmet the Conqueror and how old did he conquer Istanbul?

Mehmet II conquered Istanbul, the 1125-year-old capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, after four major attacks on April 19, May 6, May 12, and May 29, which lasted 53 days. He was only 21 years old when he conquered Istanbul. The conquest of Istanbul brought very important results. After the conquest of Istanbul, Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror organized many expeditions on Europe in order to consolidate the dominance in the west, to expand the borders, to spread Islam to the furthest places, and to destroy the Christian unity.

The Ottoman Empire consolidated its dominance in Europe with campaigns to Serbia (1454,1459), Mora (1460), Wallachia (1462), Moldavia (1476), Bosnia-Herzegovina, Albania, Venice (1463-1479), Italy (1480), and Hungary. The Kingdom of Serbia was completely abolished and turned into an Ottoman flag, the Peloponnese was completely conquered, Wallachia was made the Ottoman province, Bosnia was taken under Ottoman rule again, Albania was captured. At the end of the 16-year Ottoman-Venetian Sea Wars, Venice agreed to sign peace. During the expedition to Italy, Otranto, which was a very important center for the conquest of Rome, was conquered but was lost back upon the death of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror.

Early Life of Mehmet the Conqueror

Mehmet the Conqueror was born on March 30, 1432, in Edirne. His father was the fourth son of Murad II, and his mother was Hüma Hatun. Murat II was a ruler who attached great importance to the education of princes. In addition to names such as Molla Gürani, Molla Hüsrev, Akşemseddin, Molla Hayreddin, who are among the most famous scholars of the period, Byzantine and Italian teachers also contributed to the good education of II Mehmet. Sultan Mehmet knew Greek, Latin, and Slavic as well as Arabic and Persian.

In the spring of 1443, he was sent to Manisa as governor with his Lala Kassabzade Mahmut and Nişancı İbrahim Abdullah Bey. The death of his brother, the Governor of Amasya, Prince Alaeddin Ali Çelebi, at the end of the same year, made him the sole successor to the throne. In the spring of 1444, upon the call of II Murat, who was planning to abdicate his throne, he went to Edirne with his father. He witnessed the signing of a peace treaty with the Hungarian king, Serbian despot, and the ambassadors of Hunyadi Yanos. Then II. Murat left the throne to his son. The empire was left to rule by an inexperienced 12-year-old young man, causing great troubles at home and abroad.

Places taken in the period of Murat II in the Balkans and Anatolia were abandoned. In Edirne, rivalry and conflict arose among the pashas. The demonstrations, the Hurufi uprising of 22 September 1444, and the fire that broke out in the city caused great damage. At the same time, under the leadership of the Papacy, the Crusader army consisting of Hungarian, Polish, Wallachian, and various Balkan nations crossed the Danube River. Sultan Murat II went to Varna to fight the crusader army. Mehmet and Grand Vizier Çandarlı Halil Pasha stayed in Edirne. Sultan Murad won a great victory against the Crusaders in Varna.

Although Çandarlı Halil Pasha wanted him to come back to the throne, II. Murat did not want to depose his son and went to Manisa. Vizier Şehabeddin Şahin, Lala Nişancı İbrahim, and Zağanos Pashas were in favor of Mehmet II’s reign. Especially Zağanos Pasha advocated the conquest policies and encouraged the young sultan in this direction. Çandarlı Halil Pasha, who is in favor of pursuing a pro-peace policy, accelerated his activities to bring II Murad back to power. Among the important conquests of Fatih Sultan Mehmet are the following:

  • Anatolia

Istanbul (1453), Amasra (1459), Sinop (1460), Trabzon (1461), Konya, Karaman (1466) Eastern Anatolia (1473 Otlukbeli War).

  • Balkans

Serbia (1459) except Belgrade, Peloponnese (1460), Wallachia (1462), Bosnia (1463) Herzegovina (1483), Moldavia (1476), Albania (1478).

  • The seas

Aegean Islands (Limnos 1456, Euboea 1470, Thassos 1457, Samothrace 1457, Gökçeada 1456, Lesbos 1462), Greek Islands (Kefalonia 1479, Lefkada 1479, Zakynthos 1479), Crimea (1475).

In 1446, a great janissary revolt broke out in Edirne. The rebels declared their support for Orhan Çelebi, who was in the hands of Byzantium. The Janissary revolt was hardly suppressed. With the help of Çandarlı and some other state officials, II Murad was secretly brought from Manisa and his throne was achieved. The two-year rule of the young sultan, who was sent to Manisa in August 1446, came to an end. Mehmet II married Sitti Hatun, the daughter of Dulkadiroğlu Süleyman Bey at a magnificent wedding in Edirne in December 1450.

Upon the death of his father on February 2, 1451, he ascended the Ottoman throne for the second time on February 18, 1451, at the age of nineteen. With the throne of Sultan Mehmet, the ideas of conquering Istanbul were revived. Young Mehmet had the idea of ​​uniting the Ottoman country divided between Anatolia and Rumelia by conquering Istanbul and establishing a solid-state. Çandarlı Halil Pasha, who thought that Istanbul would lose its current position when it was taken and that the state would be damaged if the conquest was attempted and failed, opposed the conquest. Therefore, he made a lot of effort not to get into this business.

Mehmet the Conqueror and the Conquest of Istanbul

The Sultan ordered the Grand Vizier Halil Pasha to build a fortress opposite the Anatolian Fortress. Thanks to the Rumeli Fortress (Boğazkesen), which was completed in August of 1452 after four months of construction, it was aimed to cut the aid from the Black Sea, to secure the passage of the navies between Anatolia and Rumelia, and to serve as a base for the siege army when necessary. Sultan Mehmet, who handed over Firuz Aga to the command of the fortress and gave 400 janissaries to his command, returned to Edirne and had architects Muslihiddin, Sarica Sekban, and Hungarian Urban, who escaped from Byzantium and took refuge in the Ottoman Empire, poured big cannons.

Aware of the dangers created by the Byzantine presence in the middle of the Ottoman lands for the state, the young ruler called his viziers, statesmen, and scholars in Edirne one day and learned their views. Finally, he said his thoughts about Istanbul: “The bottom line is, I would like to add this city to our state. If I fail to do this, I will make it superior to losing the state for it.” The Byzantine Emperor Constantine asked for help from everywhere to defend Istanbul with the construction of the fortress. During the siege, the defense army consisted of 8-9 thousand people, three thousand of this number was composed of auxiliary forces from Venice, Genoese, Crete and Chios Islands, Spain, and Provence.

The number of soldiers of the Ottoman army is estimated to be 100-150 thousand. There is no clear information as to how many of them are members of the military and how many volunteers came for plunder. Sultan Mehmet departed from Edirne on March 23, 1453. He stood in Keşan and took the Anatolian forces passing through the Dardanelles and came in front of the walls of Istanbul on April 5, 1453. The siege operation, which started on April 6, was completed in five days. Mehmet II sent Mahmut Pasha to the emperor in accordance with the Islamic custom and called for the city to surrender without spilling blood. XI Constantine declined the offer, declaring that he had sworn to defend the city but was ready to pay taxes.

As of April 12, the shooting of big cannons started. The same day, the navy arrived in front of the Istanbul port. The first offensive lasted six days. Byzantines stretched thick chains in front of the Golden Horn and prevented the navy from entering the Golden Horn. After the failure of the first attack, Halil Pasha offered to lift the siege on the condition that the emperor pays 70,000 ducats of gold annually. This proposal was not accepted by Sultan Mehmet and his commanders. On April 20, the aid fleet, commanded by captain Flantanellas, consisting of a Byzantine and three Genoese galleons approached Istanbul. Mehmet II sent Baltaoğlu Süleyman Bey to the aid fleet with 18 ships. The aid fleet, with the wind behind it, was advancing faster and the Ottoman ships could not dock.

Four galleons remained dormant when the wind cut off in the area known today as Yeşilköy; Ottoman ships reached the galleons by rowing. Due to the prolongation of the fighting, the Ottoman ships that came from behind also caught up, and the Genoese-Byzantine fleet of four ships surrounded about 150 Ottoman ships. However, superiority could not be established due to the galleons being higher than the Ottoman galleys and the inexperience of the crews on the foremost Ottoman ships. Baltaoğlu Süleyman Bey, who saw heavy casualties, ordered the navy to withdraw. Seeing defeat from a dominant hill, II. Mehmet got angry and tried to preach his orders to Baltaoğlu Süleyman by riding his horse into the sea.

However, the Ottoman navy was defeated, the aid fleet continued on its way, and when the darkness came, the chain that closed the Golden Horn was loosened, and successfully delivered its aid to Constantinople by taking shelter in the harbor accompanied by two Venetian ships. The next day, Mehmet II went to the naval command to account for the defeat with ten thousand horsemen. The angry sultan who wanted to execute Baltaoğlu Süleyman Bey gave up execution as a result of the begging of other statesmen, but he dismissed Baltaoğlu by beating him with his mace; Çalıbeyoğlu Hamza Bey was appointed as the vacant captain. Sultan Mehmet, who thought that the conquest would not be successful without the navy, had about 70 ships run on the road between Dolmabahçe and Kasımpaşa in one night (April 21-22) and landed them to the Golden Horn.

Cannon fire continued against the walls every day. Two more major attacks took place on 6 and 12 May. However, no result was achieved. In the fourth week of May, the news that Hungarians and a Crusader fleet were taking action spread throughout the army. The Sultan’s attempts to capture the city peacefully aroused anxiety within the army. Considering that a general attack was necessary, Mehmet sent İsfendiyaroğlu Kasım Bey to the emperor as an ambassador to surrender the city peacefully for the last time on May 23 or 24. The emperor replied to Mr. Kasım that they would not leave the city but was ready to pay taxes and make other concessions.

It is said that the sultan who heard the news said, “It is not possible to go from here. Either I will take the city or the city will capture me dead or alive.” After two attacks that started on the night of 28 May and continued until close to morning, a general attack started on Tuesday, 29 May. After four great attacks that lasted for fifty-four days on April 18, 6, 12, and 29 May, the 1125-year-old capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, Constantinople, was conquered on Tuesday, 29 May 1453, before the Crusader army could come to help.

The conquest of Istanbul, which made the twenty-one-year-old Sultan Mehmet known as “the Conqueror” in history, is considered the definitive establishment of the Ottoman Empire. This historical development, which caused the Byzantine Empire to be erased from history, enabled the next great conquests of the Ottoman Empire.

Battle of Otlukbeli: The Rise of Mehmet the Conqueror

The hostility between the Ottoman and Akkoyunlu dynasties stretched back to the times of Yıldırım Bayezid and Kara Yölük Osman. While the Ottomans were allied with the Karakoyunlu, the Akkoyunlu State, on the other hand, supported Timur. Uzun Hasan married Katerina Despina (Theodora Megale Komnena), the daughter of Trabzon Emperor IV Yuhannes in 1458. Uzun Hasan sent his nephew Murat to Istanbul. He asked the Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II, apart from the forgiveness of the Trabzon Empire tax, the Kayseri region, and precious gifts that were given to Katerina Despina as a dowry. Fatih stated that he would personally come to the region and handle the tax business.

Fatih, Uzun Hasan, and his ally Trabzon Greek Empire took action against the Georgians in 1461. He took Koyulhisar, which Uzun Hasan captured in 1459. The Akkoyunlu army was defeated by the Ottomans in the Munzur Mountains in Erzincan. Uzun Hasan sent his mother to Fatih and an agreement was reached. Uzun Hasan remained neutral and Fatih conquered Trabzon on 26 October 1461 and ended the Greek domination in the region. From 1466, Ottoman forces entered Central Anatolia and followed the Karamanids. While the Karamanoğlu forces fled to the east, the Akkoyunlular crossed the border, and in 1472 clashes took place with the Ottoman troops. The following year, Mehmet II personally took the head of the army and marched east.

Uzun Hasan’s army was reinforced with the remnants of Karamanids. The army was a large but irregular Turkmen army. Its main strength was light cavalry and lance infantry. Uzun Hasan’s aim was to overthrow the Ottoman cavalrymen with speared pedestrians and to clamp and destroy them with his cavalry. The horsemen of the Ottoman army were Turkmen like Uzun Hasan’s. However, the janissaries, who were Ottoman infantry, were much more professional soldiers. Mehmet II wanted the cannons, which proved their strength during the conquest of Istanbul, to be used in the field war. For this purpose, light mortars were produced for the first time and they were taken to the eastern expedition.

While the Ottoman army was advancing through the Eastern Black Sea mountains, Uzun Hasan’s troops sneaked closer. Hasan had planned to raid in the mountains. The Ottoman reconnaissance units noticed the enemy who had been placed very close at the last moment and Mehmet II immediately ordered the order of war. The land where the two armies met was a valley split by the stream and was not at all suitable for war. The use of horses was very difficult due to the rocks and roughness. Although the Ottoman lords offered to retreat and find the plain, Mehmet II, thinking that the withdrawal maneuver would be dangerous when the enemy was so close, decided to go to war.

Prior to the war, Rumelia Governor Murat Pasha fell into the trap of Uğurlu Mehmet Bey and drowned in the Euphrates River. Although this caused great distress among the soldiers, the main battles were fought in Otlukbeli, in the Tercan Plain. In the battle with the vanguard units, Davut Pasha was victorious and defeated the Akkoyunlu vanguard troops. Later, when Zeynel Mirza, the right-wing commander of Akkoyunlu, attacked Davut Pasha, the Ottoman left-wing commander, the Governor of Karaman, Prince Mustafa, defeated their right flank and killed Zeynel Mirza by tormenting him. Thus, the Akkoyunlu right wing was defeated and dispersed. Meanwhile, the Ottoman right-wing commander, the Governor of Amasya, Prince Bayezid, first attacked Uğurlu Mehmet Bey and caused him to flee from the battlefield.

After Uğurlu Mehmet Bey withdrew, Akkoyunlu left flank Mehmet Bakır was in command. Prince Bayezid attacked Uzun Hasan after attacking him, defeating the left side of Akkoyunlu and capturing him. Unable to resist the attacks of both Prince Mustafa and Şehzade Bayezid, Uzun Hasan left a soldier who resembled him and fled from the battlefield. The land was suitable for ambushing, and Mehmet II, taking into account the delay of the reconnaissance troops to detect the enemy, let the enemy go.

The Death of Mehmet the Conqueror

Although Mehmet the Conqueror was sick, he went to Üsküdar for a new expedition. It was unknown where it was targeting. In some sources, it is claimed that he started an expedition over the Mamluks. According to some, the secret target is Italy. He died on May 3, 1481, at the age of 49, in a place called Hünkarçayırı between Üsküdar and Gebze. His death was attributed to gout. Allegations that he later died of poisoning were also made. It was alleged that the Venetians, of Jewish origin, bribed the Italian-born physician Yakup Pasha, poisoning the Conqueror. It was claimed that the men of Bayezid, who was not liked by the Janissaries, but the popular masses, madrasahs, and people of the sect, made this.

His death was kept secret for a while. His body was brought to Istanbul and was buried in his tomb in the courtyard of Fatih Mosque on Tuesday, May 22, 1481. His son Bayezid II took the throne. Fatih had two sons alive. His 34-year-old elder son Bayezid was the governor of Amasya and his younger son, 23, Cem, Konya. My vizier immediately sent messengers to both princes and informed them that their father had passed away and that they should come to Istanbul in a hurry. Prince who came to Istanbul early would ascend to the throne. The body of the Conqueror was immediately taken to Istanbul and abandoned in a deserted, unlit place in Topkapı Palace. While his sons were fighting with each other for the throne, Fatih’s body was left to rot.

In the Topkapı Palace, the sultan’s body began to smell as he was left in his clothes on hot spring days. Before the corpse was completely decomposed, Baltacilar Kethüdası Kasım and two physicians stripped the clothes, removed the internal organs, and then disinfected the body, and then buried it. Prince Bayezid buried the body in the courtyard of the mosque, which Fatih Sultan Mehmet had built in his name, right after he was declared sultan, that is, 19 days after the death of Fatih. Fatih Sultan Mehmet was the first Ottoman sultan to have his portrait painted. Gentile Bellini (1429-1507), the famous Venetian painter of the Renaissance period, came to Istanbul in 1479 at the invitation of Sultan Mehmet after the Ottoman-Venetian War that lasted for 16 years.

Bellini’s portrait of Fatih Sultan Mehmet, who painted portraits of different people who lived in the palace for a while, is among his most important works. The date 25 November 1480 is written in Latin letters in the lower right corner of his table. In the same period, Nakkaş Sinan Bey, one of the important names of Ottoman miniature art, was sent to Italy for education. The “Smelling Rose” portrait of Sinan Bey, who worked on the art of painting here, on his return to Istanbul bears the traces of Renaissance painting art. In the words of Halil İnalcık, Fatih Sultan Mehmet is “the greatest statesman among the Ottoman sultans”.

In addition to his statesmanship and command, he gave great importance to the mental sciences of the period in the madrasas he opened. He wanted to revive the historical religion-philosophy debate between Ghazali and Ibn Rushd among the Ottoman messengers. Adnan Adıvar writes in his work “Knowledge in Ottoman Turks” that “With the ascension of Fatih to the throne, we begin to be a testament to the development of philosophical scientific thought among the Ottoman Turks”. In 1463, Pope Pius II wrote a letter inviting Fatih Sultan Mehmet to Christianity, who ascribed the title “Kaiser” used by the Roman emperors after the conquest of Istanbul. Whether the letter was sent is still controversial. The letter was printed in Treviso in 1475, after the death of the Pope, while the Conqueror was alive.

The Military Aspect of Mehmet the Conqueror

Mehmet II, who transferred the throne to his father in 1446, ascended the throne again when he was 19 years old. He gained experience by participating in Albanian expeditions with his father in 1448 and 1450. In 1450, he married Sitti Mükrime Hatun, the daughter of Süleyman Bey, Dulkadiroğulları Bey. When his father died on February 10, 1451, he took the throne again. The greatest desire of the conqueror of Istanbul was to conquer Istanbul. When he came back to the throne, he started preparations to realize this dream. He started with the construction of Rumelihisarı.

He made a short-term peace with the rulers of Venice, Hungary, and Bosnia. He ensured that the Genoese were neutral. Increased the number of soldiers in the army to 70 thousand. The preparation for the conquest took close to a year. And it reached the walls of Istanbul on April 6, 1453. The great siege continued for 53 days. The gates of the city were finally opened on May 29, 1453. He conquered Istanbul at the age of 21 in 1453 and destroyed the Byzantine Empire known as “indestructible”, Mehmet II received the title of “Fatih”. During the conquest, Fatih Sultan Mehmet, who changed the course of the war by driving the ships from land and lowering them to the Golden Horn, closed the Middle Ages with this conquest and opened the New Age.

Fatih Sultan Mehmed organized consecutive campaigns during his reign. In 1454, Enez was taken from the Genoese. A year later the army marched to Serbia. At the end of the campaigns, Moldavia accepted the loyalty to the Ottoman Empire. In 1459, Serbia was taken to Semendire with the expedition and Serbia joined the Ottoman lands. Mora in 1460 and Amasra in 1461 was conquered. The Candaroğulları Principality was abolished in the same year. Trabzon Greek Empire also joined the Ottoman lands. The Bosnian and Lesbos victories in 1462 were followed by the conquest of Albania in 1466. After that, the Principality of Karamanoğulları was terminated.

The great struggle between the Ottomans and Venetians for many years began. Eventually, Venice had to sign an agreement with the Ottomans. During the reign of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror, Ermanak, Aksaray, İçel, Konya, Laren, Crimea, Alanya, Albania, Georgia, Circassia, Kefalonia, Ayamavra, and Zanta Islands joined the Ottoman Empire. In 1473, the Battle of Otlukbeli was fought. At the end of the war, the Akkoyunlu ruler Uzun Hasan was defeated. Thus, the eastern borders of the empire were secured. Fatih Sultan Mehmet also developed the mortar system. The mortar was used at that time, but it was very important to develop it.

It is the first practice in history to shoot into the wall or to sink the ships in the navy by bouncing the fleet in the Golden Horn over the Galata walls. The first mortar cannon drew by him and the ballistic calculations made by him, the mortar invented by Fatih Sultan Mehmet in the history of military weapons, was used by the Turks for the first time in history during the conquest of Istanbul. On the other hand, even if the gun powder as a firearm does not have a serious destructive force in the general field, the fear it arouses in the soldiers and society has been the real application of psychological pressure in breaking the power of resistance in the war strategy.

It is a point that can cause serious morale to be able to bring a small force into the Golden Horn by bypassing the Byzantine strong navy, which was organized on the mouth of the Golden Horn, over the land. We see that before the success of Fatih Sultan Mehmet Han to launch these ships from land, Gazi Umur Bey, who carried 300 ships from land in the siege of Mora, was prepared to realize this success during the conquest of Istanbul. Fatih has performed and implemented the practices in the civilizations and military system before him in the most perfect and perfect way. It has proved that the success which it provided to the development of war techniques and technology can be implemented not only with firepower but also with a strategy and logistics, and set a precedent. Today it is the founder of the modern military system.

The location where Rumeli Fortress was built and the success in its construction are the biggest logistics success of the world in those centuries. It was built in a short time such as 3 months, not only the walls are built, but also the neighborhood, mosque, bath, bronze cannons, and waterways poured specifically for the fortress. In addition, while each of the three important towers that make up the Rumelihisarı exhibit a separate architectural plan and feature, the acoustic dome of the Saruca Pasha Tower, one of the most important original towers in the world, is completed within these three months. Bringing each stone by sea, especially the materials in the construction of Rumelihisarı, is an incredible example of logistics and organization.

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Istanbul or Cappadocia: City Versus Nature

Let’s say you are planning a trip to Turkey. What if you have time for just one place? Then, you are about to give a tough decision: whether you should visit Istanbul or Cappadocia? It is worth seeing these two destinations in Turkey since they all offer a lot, but it can be quite hard when you have to decide between them.

While Istanbul is a major metropolis with more than 20 million inhabitants, one of the world’s largest cities, Cappadocia is a series of rock-cut small towns in one of the world’s most geologically interesting places. They are like two different worlds, but with only an hour and a half of flight. So if you are trying to choose between Istanbul and Cappadocia and you can’t do both, here’s our guide on how to choose between Istanbul and Cappadocia.

Advantages of Visiting Istanbul Over Cappadocia

Known by many names such as “Magnificent City”, “City of Emperors” and “Roman Capital” throughout its magnificent history, Istanbul is one of the most important touristic centers of Europe. Istanbul is a perfect university city with its diverse population, colorful arts community, and wide public transportation network. Turkey is a country that has a nation renowned for its hospitality and the people of Istanbul embracing you will make you feel comfortable at home.

Istanbul, which takes its roots from the depths of history, today appears as a brand new, modern, and dynamic city. Alongside the ancient minarets and Byzantine walls, glittering shopping malls, skyscrapers, and residences stretch; The narrow cobblestone streets are adorned with bars and nightclubs that play the latest music and showcase the latest trends. With a population of over 13.8 million, spread over two continents, change never ends in this city.

Istanbul is also a financial and industrial city that produces 25% of the gross national product and plays an important role in both regional trade and cross-border relations. Turkey’s import and export gateway of the city realizes 43% of imports and 50% of the country’s total exports. Being the 34th largest economy in the world, Istanbul has also proven to be a real “business city” by hosting the 35 richest people in the world.

Istanbul is undoubtedly one of the most important cities in the world. It is possible to find Anatolia in Istanbul, as well as Europe. Of course, in this case, the fact that Istanbul consists of two continents is also effective, but it has a structure consisting of a combination of every culture in real terms. It is possible to discover all the cultural differences in Istanbul with your trip. One of the most important situations to come to Istanbul is its historical beauties. Since Istanbul is home to many long-established states, it has various historical areas.

Topkapi Palace, Hagia Sophia, and Blue Mosque, Galata Tower, and Maiden’s Tower, which are among the Ottoman palaces, are must-see places. Istanbul is a city that smells of history. It is possible to find a historical area everywhere. There is no other city anywhere else in the world that joins two different continents. Istanbul’s combination of this reminds many people to reunite two lovers. It is possible to travel between continents with bridges in Istanbul. It hosts a very interesting image. It is possible to discover its original beauty on both sides.

There are many seaside districts in Istanbul. It is a country that attracts everyone’s attention with its sea. It is also possible to take an intercontinental tour in the sea of ​​Istanbul. By taking a Bosphorus tour, it is possible to pass under bridges and to pass in front of various historical palaces. It is possible to see the palaces, mansions and historical schools designed in a beautiful way, with a Bosphorus tour. Undoubtedly, baths, which still keep the Ottoman culture alive, are one of the main situations that attract the attention of local and foreign tourists. In addition to the cleansing culture, massage culture is also observed in the baths.

What Makes Istanbul Unique Compared to Cappadocia

It is also possible to experience a pleasant Turkish bath in Istanbul. This pleasure can be reached by visiting various baths built by Haseki Sultans. Another possibility is the bazaars. The Spice Bazaar and the Grand Bazaar are ideal places to find products suitable for Istanbul culture. It is possible to find products in every field such as food, beverage, clothing, and jewelry. The fact that Istanbul consists of two continents has led to the discovery of various activities here. At certain times of the year, intercontinental swimming and bridge running competitions are held. It will be very enjoyable to coincide with these races. People do both fun and sports together. It is a big reason to come to Istanbul. Because this pleasure is not experienced anywhere else in the world.

It is possible to find the proverbial kitchen in every corner of Turkey in Istanbul. People who want to discover delicious and different flavors can taste these cuisines. The kitchen is a big reason to come to Istanbul. There are many delicious foods such as Turkish coffee, Turkish breakfast, baklavas, kebabs, doner kebabs, home cooking, lahmacun, Turkish yogurt, ravioli that every tourist will love. Istanbul is a city that never gets tired. It can have an energetic environment every night. Places such as Taksim, Beyoğlu, Asmalımescit, Karaköy are very energetic at night. It is one of the must-visit places for interested parties.

There are many shopping centers in Istanbul. In these shopping centers, it is possible to shop as well as to eat. In addition, various activities are held in these shopping centers. There are many artistic activities and shows in these shopping centers. People who are interested in art, shopping, and new designs can visit shopping malls in both Europe and Asia for a short discovery.

Istanbul is Turkey’s cultural treasures, a place where you can discover the traces of different cultures and civilizations at every step. While the traces of Ottoman, Byzantine, and Rome welcome visitors in the Historic Peninsula, the most important museums of our country are also located in Istanbul. Symbol structures such as Hagia Sophia Museum, Blue Mosque, Basilica Cistern, Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum, Galata Tower, and Maiden’s Tower reflect the memory of the city. Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen Istanbul Airport and an important part of our country, airline passenger traffic alone meets with Turkey’s Istanbul Airport have direct flights from around the globe.

Due to the high number of flights throughout the year and the flights of alternative airlines, it is easier to find a suitable flight ticket for Istanbul. You can easily plan your Istanbul trip with a one-way flight ticket in the range of $ 50-100 and take the first step to discover this magical city. When asked nightlife of Istanbul in Turkey, one of the first places that come to mind. Especially in İstiklal Caddesi, Şişli, Nişantaşı, and Kadıköy regions, there are popular nightclubs, bars, and entertainment venues in Istanbul. In entertainment venues where life continues for 24 hours, you can keep up with the dynamic tempo of Istanbul and experience different venues until morning.

It is possible to find something suitable for every budget and every taste in Istanbul, which lives 24 hours a day. The food culture that makes Istanbul an attractive city for foreign visitors is also reflected in street flavors. From kokoreç to wet hamburger, from doner to cold cuts, from mussels to hamburgers, you can fill your stomach with pleasure at any time. In Istanbul, which has dozens of alternatives for families with children, there are great fun places to go with children, from Vialand to Miniatürk, from Toy Museum to Aquarium. There are many options Istanbul offers to spend full time with your child.

What Can You Do in Istanbul That You Cannot Do in Cappadocia?

  • Panoramic Istanbul View: Galata Tower

Climbing up the Galata Tower, one of Istanbul’s popular historical and touristic attractions, and watching a magnificent panoramic city view is one of the must-do things in this fascinating city. Built in the 1300s, the tower overlooks Sultanahmet and the Bosphorus. When you get to the top of the tower, you can easily choose many important buildings in the city. When you come to Galata Tower, you can have dinner in the restaurant section that opens at 20:00 in the evening.

  • Witness the Living Space of the Sultans: Topkapı Palace

Topkapı Palace, one of the fascinating palaces of Istanbul, which is also famous for its palaces, is located next to Gulhane Park in Fatih district. Gülhane Park used to serve as the outer garden of Topkapı Palace and the park was opened to the public during the Republic period. Topkapı Palace, a work of the 15th century, was the place where sultans and their families lived during the Ottoman period. You can visit the palace, built by Mimar Sinan, Sarkis Balyan, Davut Ağa, and Acem Ali, between 09:00 and 17:00, except Tuesdays. Topkapı Palace is also known for its collection of historical artifacts, which include knowledge of important religions and are claimed to belong to some prophets. While visiting Topkapi Palace, you have to pay an additional fee to visit the harem section. In this chapter; The sultan’s private rooms, family and concubines are living spaces.

  • From the Byzantine Period to the Present: Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia, whose history goes back to the 6th century, was built as a church in the Byzantine period. The building, which was converted into a mosque after the conquest of Istanbul, is today one of the most popular museums in the city. Visiting Hagia Sophia, which has a long and deep-rooted history, is one of the most popular things to do in Istanbul. You should definitely see the magnificent view of the Sultanahmet Mosque from its flamboyant exterior, its enchanting interior, the Christian mosaics on its walls, and the windows on the second floor.

  • One of the Most Beautiful Views of Istanbul: Maiden’s Tower

Located in Salacak district of Üsküdar, the Maiden’s Tower is a tower built in the early 12th century and has been the subject of many legends. Located in the middle of the Bosphorus, this small Byzantine tower is a place you can visit today to witness one of the most beautiful views of Istanbul. You can also dine in the restaurant and cafe section on the second floor of the tower.

  • Visit Magnificent Architectural Buildings: Dolmabahçe Palace

There are many palaces that you can see on your Istanbul trip. Dolmabahçe Palace is one of these palaces. Located in the Kabataş district of Beşiktaş district, the palace was built in the 19th century. Dolmabahçe Palace, located on the opposite shore of the Salacak district of Üsküdar; It is a fine example of Ottoman, Neoclassical, and Baroque architecture. Built by Garabet Amira Balyan and Evanis Kalfa, the palace is famous for its starry interior. Especially the ceiling filled with gold and crystal is worth seeing.

  • The Shopping Crowd: İstiklal Street

İstiklal Street is one of the most central places in Istanbul. Istiklal Caddesi, one of the most popular destinations for local and foreign tourists, is crowded at all hours of the day but has a quieter atmosphere in the early hours of the day. When you come to Istiklal Street, where many local and foreign clothing stores, accessories, shoes, jewelry, bags, and many other shops and shops are located, you can enjoy a pleasant shopping experience after a small discovery tour.

  • With Golden Mosaic Frames: Kariye Museum

This 1000-year-old building was formerly a part of a monastery outside the city walls of Istanbul, and today is a beautiful museum that reflects Byzantine architect. Kariye Museum, which is an old Greek Orthodox Church, is located in the Edirnekapı district in Karagümrük district. The most striking part of the Kariye Museum is its ceiling. Its gold-framed mosaics cover the entire ceiling and are one of the must-see sections in the museum.

  • Indistinguishable Fragrances: Spice Bazaar

Another important market in Istanbul is the Spice Bazaar. It is impossible not to come here and not love. Home to beautiful, colorful, and magnificent scents, the Spice Bazaar is the ideal place to find an edible gift for your loved ones on your Istanbul trip. After exploring its beautiful interior, you can also explore the exterior on the west side. In this section, you can reach many different flavors such as olives, local cheeses, vegetables, and Turkish coffee.

  • Explore the Past History Step by Step: The Archaeological Museum

Archeology museums of Istanbul are located in the area used as the outer garden of Topkapı Palace. Therefore, it is very close to many must-see places in Istanbul. The long and storied history of this fascinating city and the reign of the world’s great empires make these museums an important treasure, especially for history buffs. The Old East Museum, the Archeology Museum, and the Museum of Islamic Art are side by side and contain numerous objects related to both world culture and history.

Advantages of Visiting Cappadocia Over Istanbul

Cappadocia, which has hosted countless civilizations for millions of years, has survived to this day and has been home to legendary fairy chimneys, has a perfect location in the very center of Anatolia in Nevşehir. It is not even sincere not to admire the extinguished volcanic lava in this place where historical formations turn into a pleasure. Cappadocia needs among Turkey’s most valuable natural beauty with unparalleled geological structure as well as a mysterious story.

Cappadocia, the name of the world that turns fire and water into a legend, where lava creates a miracle, was formed by the formation of a soft layer on the surface of the lava that erupted from Erciyes Mountain, Hasan Mountain, and Güllü Mountain 60 million ago and this layer was formed by the erosion of rain and wind over time. Cappadocia, which is a fairy tale world that amazes everyone today, has turned into a true legend with its historical ruins, beauties, and stories offered by nature. If you say why should I go to Cappadocia with the values ​​it preserves behind its calm, clear, and fragile appearance, here is the answer.

Exactly 60 million years ago, with the rise of the Taurus Mountains and the compression of the Anatolian Plateau in the north, Erciyes, Hasandağı, and Göllüdağ, which was between the two, spewed lava into the region and the ashes formed a soft tuff layer. Cones formed from hard basalt rock that emerged from the erosion of rain and wind for millions of years, created natural formations that we call ‘Fairy Chimneys’ today. Awe-inspiring cultural values ​​emerge from every hidden corner of Cappadocia, which has millions of years of historical and cultural accumulation under the influence of the Hittites, Ancient Greeks, Byzantium, Seljuks, and the Ottoman Empire. Surrounded by Christian and Muslim inscriptions, churches, and mosques, there are centuries-old cultural accumulations in every corner of Cappadocia.

There are cultural riches in the invisible part of Cappadocia as well as the visible part. Underground cities of 150-200 are spread over an area of ​​25,000 km². Most of the underground cities were formed by the deep carving of soft volcanic tuffs. The techniques used for the cities built underground are still unknown. Underground cities in the region such as Derinkuyu, Özkonak, and Kaymaklı attract the attention of visitors.

There are many ways to enjoy the breathtaking surreal scenery of Cappadocia. One of them is to watch the region from a bird’s eye view. It is necessary to enjoy watching the skyline of Cappadocia, which comes to mind when it comes to balloon tours. The balloon tour, which starts with the sunrise, offers an unforgettable experience. Many boutique hotels in the Cappadocia Region were built on the originally carved cliffs. You embark on a journey through time in the fairy-tale ambiance of the hotels, which decorate the interiors of old neighborhoods and houses without spoiling the original.

What Makes Cappadocia Unique Compared to Istanbul

The pleasure of Cappadocia’s calm and unhurried life becomes even more attractive in the terraces and pools overlooking the beauty of Cappadocia. The mystical atmosphere of the boutique hotels in Cappadocia is also worth seeing. The massage rooms, pool, and jacuzzis built in historical carved rock rooms, while relaxing your body and soul, also impress with its historical ambiance. In the 3rd century, the priests made the region a lively center of religious thought and life, and in the 4th century, Cappadocia began to be known as the hometown of three great saints.

Among these three saints, Basil, the Bishop of Kayseri, did not prefer a pious life and established small settlements away from villages and towns, which can be called spiritual shelters of the societies. It marks the region where the education system focused on spirituality, which is open to visitors today as Göreme Open Air Museum, was initiated. Tokalı Church, Monastery of Nuns and Priests, St. Basil’s Chapel, Elmalı Church, St. Barbara Chapel, and Yılanlı (St. Onuphrius) Church are at the top of the list of must-see places.

Caftans, handcrafted rugs, and earthenware jugs adorned with local traces are some of Cappadocia’s cultural treasures. Custom made jugs and rugs that you can only find in Cappadocia attract the attention of foreign tourists, especially. The concerts held on the carved rocks, which are described as a natural miracle and have wonderful acoustics, also reveal the artistic side of Cappadocia. Turkish nights are organized in Cappadocia, which hosts guests from all over the world, telling the history and culture of the region.

You will find the best examples of Turkish cuisine, which is curious among the world cuisines, in Cappadocia. Many flavors are waiting for you, from Çelti kebab to jug kebab, from pumpkin seeds to locally grown vineyards. Region-specific wine varieties can be considered as the reward of Cappadocia travel. You will see the breathtaking Taurus Mountains with its silhouette, experience an adventure on the earth track, and see Cappadocia’s fascinating fairy chimneys, cave houses, and rock churches. Sometimes you will be trekking through difficult paths and sometimes you can discover landscapes that no one has noticed yet.

What Can You Do in Cappadocia That You Cannot Do in Istanbul?

  • Getting Lost in History

With the glory and tunnels of Kadı Castle in Ürgüp, while carrying the traces of the Christian community that used to live here and hid their religion freely, people are almost fascinated by the history of buildings such as Taşkın Pasha Mosque, St. Theodore Church, and Pink Valley. It is incredibly enjoyable to get lost in history for hours at the Ürgüp Museum, which opens the veils of mystery by giving a lot of information about the past. In Zelve Valley, you can witness the different formations of fairy chimneys and giant hats, especially you can see the Three Beauties closely, you can see the remains of the oldest lives in Çavuşin Village, and even touch them. You can meet the Uçhisar Castle from the ancient times of Rome, and you can listen to what has happened since Roman times. If you have time, do not miss the opportunity to see the legendary Ihlara Valley, which is half an hour away from Nevşehir.

  • Balloon Rides and Many More Adventure-filled Activities

When Cappadocia is mentioned, the first thing that comes to mind is to reach the sky with a balloon and watch the fairy chimneys with a bird’s eye view. Although the most entertaining activity in Cappadocia is known as the balloon tour, it is worth reminding you that you actually have many more options. If you are good with horses, you can join safari tours on horseback, explore Cappadocia with the unmatched friendship the horses offer to you, visit the abundant pottery making sites in Avanos to witness the journey of the pottery from the first production stage to the tables, you can have an extraordinary experience by making your own pots. the actual cross golf game for the first time in Cappadocia in Turkey can participate between April and October.

These games, which are performed for the first time in Cappadocia, offer you different experiences in the game of golf. While getting lost in Goreme’s valleys, you can breathe in the heart of nature with long walks. In addition to walks, you can get lost in the valley roads with ATV tours in the valleys and bring a new breath to your discoveries. ATV tours, which are accompanied by a guide and attract a lot of attention, can be done by one or two people or as a group. You can have moments of both joy and adventure with your group of friends for a few hours. In addition, if you are interested in marbling art, you can have the opportunity to make marbling with your own hands for your loved ones at the Ebru Art Center in Göreme and see various kinds of marbling works of beauty.

  • Staying in Hand-Carved Stone Houses

Unlike normal holiday resorts, Cappadocia offers you a unique accommodation experience. Forget all-inclusive hotels, resorts, holiday camps, five-star, ten-star hotels. Get ready for an experience you’ve never experienced before! These structures, which are presented by the structure and geological characteristics of the region, were built by the people who lived here in ancient times and have survived to the present day.

It is an indisputable fact that you will have a very different experience with the atmosphere that surrounds you as soon as you enter these houses built in fairy chimneys and under the ground. You can crown your Cappadocia holiday in the most beautiful way by staying in these cave hotels built into the rocks one by one. Cappadocia cave hotels gain the appreciation of the guests by adding unique decorations as well as unique architectural features.

  • Wine Tasting

Winemaking becomes inevitable in this heavenly place where the vineyards are wrapped all over. It is possible to see the wine tasting houses that host countless wine varieties everywhere you go. The wines, which are seen as a blessing that the vineyards offer to Cappadocia, fascinate the tasters. Kocabağ Wine House in Uçhisar continues to maintain the reputation of Cappadocia wines with its long-standing story and Turasan Wine House in Ürgüp with its wide variety of wines. Usually held in September each year, the Grape Harvest Festival Urgup sees a lot of attention from tourists from all over Turkey.

  • Exploring Mysterious Underground Cities

Cappadocia, which is an unprecedented place on earth with its vast valleys, fairy chimneys that catch the eye with its unique formations, and natural beauties, is also very famous for its underground cities. Each of the Cappadocia underground cities, which have survived from the times when Anatolia hosted many civilizations, almost carry traces of the past. Each of the mysterious underground cities is worth seeing. You can start your Cappadocia tour with Kaymaklı and Derinkuyu underground cities, which have managed to reach today with the possibilities of the past.

  • Tasting Different Flavors

Cappadocia, where you will embrace the Anatolian lands, has many food cultures, especially due to its location. It is possible to find a different alternative for every taste in this place where local dishes turn into a feast. Especially “Testi Kebabı” is incredibly famous in Cappadocia, where food culture is identified with the city. These local delicacies, with dried legumes and red meat, are cooked in pots that are very common in the region. The bean dish made in a pot is very popular.

In particular, we recommend you to taste the rice pudding cooked in a pot. Pottery made in the region also shows itself in the food culture and creates the flavors unique to Cappadocia. The local flavors of Ürgüp, Avanos, and Uçhisar and the fact that each flavor has a separate story makes Cappadocia a place to explore even more. You have the chance to try these delicious flavors in restaurants and small restaurants that you can come across almost in Cappadocia.

Best Cappadocia Balloon Puzzles That You Can Buy Online